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USS Pensacola (CA-24)

USS Pensacola (CA-24)

USS Pensacola (CA-24)

USS Pensacola (CA-24) was the name ship of the Pensacola class of heavy cruisers and served in the Pacific during the Second World War, fighting at Midway, off Guadalcanal (where she was very badly damaged), at Tarawa, the Marshal Islands, the Aleutians, the battle of Leyte Gulf and the invasions of Iwo Jima and Okinawa. She was awarded 13 battle stars for her performance.

The Pensacola was laid down on 27 October 1926, launched on 25 April 1929 and commissioned on 6 February 1930. Her shakedown cruise lasted from March to early June 1930 and took her to Peru and Chile. She then joined CruDiv 4, and served off the east coast and in the Caribbean until the start of 1935.

In January 1935 the Pensacola and CruDiv 4 moved to the Pacific Fleet, with a new home port of San Diego. She was based on the west coast until October 1939 when she transferred to Pearl Harbor. In January 1941 she moved to CruDiv 5, and in December 1941 she was flagship of the division.

On 29 November 1941 the Pensacola left Pearl Harbor to escort a convoy to Manila. The Japanese attack meant that the convoy was diverted to Australia, and the Pensacola reached Brisbane on 7 January 1942. She then returned to Pearl Harbor.

On 5 February she was sent to guard the approaches to the Samoan Islands against any possible Japanese attack. On 17 December she joined Task Force 11, built around the carrier USS Lexington (CV-2). Her first job with the new TF was a raid on Rabaul, which was to take place on 21 February. On the previous day the fleet was attacked by eighteen Japanese bombers in two waves, but managed to fight the Japanese off (17 of the 18 attackers were shot down by Lexington's aircraft and Lt. Edward H. O'Hare claimed five victories, making him an 'ace in a day', the first US Navy ace of the Second World War and winning him the Medal of Honor.

The task force patrolled the Coral Sea until it was joined the TF 17 (USS Yorktown). On 10 March the combined fleet launched an air strike against Japanese shipping at Salamaua and Lae, on the north coast of New Guinea. The attack, which was launched from the south of the island, was a total surprise and was very effective. The combined fleet then withdrew to Noumea to replenish. Lexington returned to Pearl Harbor in March, while Pensacola joined the Yorktown's TF 17 and continued the patrols. She returned to Pearl Harbor on 21 April.

On 28 May she left Pearl Harbor as part of TF 17, with the carrier Enterprise, heading towards Midway Island. During the Battle of Midway the Pensacola helped defend the carrier Yorktown after she had been critically damaged by Japanese aircraft. She shared claims to four Japanese torpedo bombers. After the Yorktown was abandoned Pensacola rejoined the Enterprise and took part in the pursuit of the retreating Japanese.

In late June the Pensacola helped move the 1,157 men of Marine Aircraft Group 22 from Pearl Harbor to Midway. She then joined the screen around the carriers Saratoga, Hornet and Wasp at the start of the Guadalcanal campaign. Despite the efforts of the screening forces Japanese submarines were still able to reach some of the carriers, damaging the Saratoga (31 August) and sinking the Wasp (15 September).

The Pensacola was present at the battle of the Santa Cruz Islands (26 October 1942), a carrier battle in which Japanese air attacks sank the carrier Hornet. The Enterprise was also damaged but survived. Pensacola carried 188 survivors of the Hornet back to Noumea at the end of October.

She soon returned to Guadalcanal. She fought in the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal (13-15 November 1942) as part of the Enterprise's task force. She was also present at the last of the major naval battles off Guadalcanal, the battle of Tassafaronga (30 November 1942). Unlike her previous battles this was a clash between surface ships. The American force included five cruisers, the Japanese only had eight destroyers, but they still won a notable victory. Both the New Orleans and the Minneapolis were hit by torpedoes that ripped apart the front of the ship, although both survived. The Northampton was also hit by torpedoes, and quickly sank. The Pensacola managed to avoid the New Orleans and Minneapolis, but was then hit by a torpedo that struck below the mainmast on the port side. Her engine room was flooded, three gun turrets were knocked out and an oil leak led to a fire on the mainmast and the main aft deck, where torpedoes and anti-aircraft ammo exploded. Number 3 turret was also on fire, and the damage control efforts were interrupted by exploding shells. Despite all of this damage and the loss of 125 dead and 68 wounded, her crew managed to keep the Pensacola afloat and she reached relative safety at Tulagi.

After basic repairs at Tulagi the Pensacola moved to Espiritu Santo in the New Hebrides Island, where she spent a month undergoing more work. By 7 January 1943 she able to sail for Pearl Harbor, arriving on 27 January. Full repairs took most of the rest of 1943, and she didn't return to action until November 1943.

On 8 November the Pensacola left Pearl Harbor with the Southern Attack Force for the invasion of Tarawa. On 19 November she took part bombardments of Betio and Tarawa, firing 600 rounds. On 20 November, during the invasion, she provided part of the screen around the carrier force, but despite the efforts of the screen the carrier Independence(CVL-22) was hit. Pensacola escorted her back to Funafuti in the Ellice Islands. She spent the next two months supporting the carriers fighting in the Gilbert Islands.

During the invasion of the Marshall Islands the Pensacola formed part of the bombardment forces. On the night of 29 January 1944 she bombarded Tarao in the Eastern Marshalls. On 31 January she bombarded Japanese targets while the Marines landings on Kwajalein and Majuro Atolls and on 1 February she supported the invasions of Roi and Namur. She continued to support the fighting in the Marshalls until 18 February. On 30 March-1 April she formed part of the carrier screen during a raid on the Caroline Islands, hitting Palau, Yap, Ulithi and Woleai.

On 25 April 1944 the Pensacola headed north to the Aleutians, arriving on 27 May. In June she took part in a raid on the Kurile Islands, bombarding Matsuwa on 13 June and Kurabu Zaki on Paramushiru To on 26 June. In this second bombardment she fired 300 8in shells. She spent July patrolling around Alaska, before returning to Hawaii in August.

On 29 September she departed from Pearl Harbor. She took part in a bombardment of Wake Island on 3 September, then bombarded Marcus Island on 9 October. She was part of a task force given the job of bombarding the Bonin Islands in an attempt to attack Japanese attention to those islands and away from the Philippines. At the same time the main Fast Carrier force raided Okinawa and Formosa. The Pensacola joined the main fleet as it withdrew from Formosa, and helped protect the 'Cripple Division' (the cruisers Canberra (CA-70) and Houston (CL-81) as they moved to safely.

On 16 October the Pensacola joined the Wasp's task group. She screened the carriers during the invasion of Leyte (20 October). She too part on the battle of Cape Engano (25 October), part of the wider battle of Leyte Gulf, forming part of the force that rushed north to intercept the decoy Japanese carrier forces.

On 11-12 November the Pensacola bombarded Iwo Jima. She then returned to Ulithi, where on 20 November she spotted a Japanese midget submarine just before it successfully destroyed the fleet oiler Mississinewa (AO-59).

The Pensacola took part in the pre-invasion bombardments of Iwo Jima. On 8 December she fired 500 8in shells at Japanese targets on the island, and carried out repeat bombardments on 24 December, 27 December, 5 January 1945 and 24 January 1945. She then formed part of the bombardment force (Rear Admiral B. J. Rodgers) for the invasion itself. She took part in a bombardment of the north-east of the island on 16 February. On 17 February Japanese shore batteries scored six hits on the Pensacola, killing 17 and injuring 119. She remained off Iwo Jima and took part in repeated bombardments between then and 3 March when she left for Ulithi.

On 20 March 1945 the Pensacola put to sea as part of the fleet to support the invasion of Okinawa. On 27 March she was the target of two Japanese torpedoes, but managed to evade both (in one case by only 20 feet). From 1-15 April she bombarded targets on Okinawa, supporting the invasion force. She then returned to Mare Island, on the US West Coast, for an overhaul.

On 3 August the Pensacola sailed for Alaska, and she was there at the end of the war. At the end of August she joined CruDiv 5, and on 8 September she anchored at Ominato, on Northern Honshu.

The Pensacola had a short post-war career. In November 1945 she carried 200 troops from Iwo Jima back to California, arriving on 3 December. She made a second 'Magic Carpet' trip between 8 December and 9 January 1946, carrying 700 men from Guam to San Diego. She was then chosen as a target ship for the atomic bomb tests at Bikini Atoll. She was a target for the tests of 1 July and 25 July 1946. She survived both tests and was taken to Kwajalein, where she was decommissioned on 26 August 1946. After research into the aftermath of the explosions she was sunk on 10 November 1948.

Displacement (standard)

9,097t

Displacement (loaded)

11,512t

Top Speed

32.5kts

Range

10,000nm at 15kts

Armour – deck

1in

- over machinery

2.5in

- side of magazines

4in

- over magazines

1.75in

- barbettes

0.75in

- gun houses face

2.5in

- gun houses top

2in

- gun houses other

0.75in

Length

586ft 8in oa

Armaments

Ten 8in/55 guns (two 3-gun and two 2-gun turrets)
Four 5in/25 guns (four single positions)
6 21in torpedo tubes
4 aircraft

Crew complement

631

Laid down

27 October 1926

Launched

25 April 1929

Completed

6 February 1930

Scuttled

10 November 1948


PENSACOLA LSD 38

This section lists the names and designations that the ship had during its lifetime. The list is in chronological order.

    Anchorage Class Dock Landing Ship
    Keel Laid March 12 1969 - Launched July 11 1970

Struck from Naval Register September 30 1999

Naval Covers

This section lists active links to the pages displaying covers associated with the ship. There should be a separate set of pages for each incarnation of the ship (ie, for each entry in the "Ship Name and Designation History" section). Covers should be presented in chronological order (or as best as can be determined).

Since a ship may have many covers, they may be split among many pages so it doesn't take forever for the pages to load. Each page link should be accompanied by a date range for covers on that page.

Postmarks

This section lists examples of the postmarks used by the ship. There should be a separate set of postmarks for each incarnation of the ship (ie, for each entry in the "Ship Name and Designation History" section). Within each set, the postmarks should be listed in order of their classification type. If more than one postmark has the same classification, then they should be further sorted by date of earliest known usage.

A postmark should not be included unless accompanied by a close-up image and/or an image of a cover showing that postmark. Date ranges MUST be based ONLY ON COVERS IN THE MUSEUM and are expected to change as more covers are added.
 
>>> If you have a better example for any of the postmarks, please feel free to replace the existing example.


Seeking ship logs of USS Pensacola

I am trying to find documentation/cause of a relative's death aboard the USS Pensacola in December 1907.  The cause has always been a family mystery.  I’m not sure where to start looking for this information.

Re: Seeking ship logs of USS Pensacola
Jason Atkinson 11.06.2020 12:01 (в ответ на Kate Beard)

Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!

We searched the National Archives Catalog and located the Logbooks of U.S. Navy Ships, 1801 - 1940 in the Records of the Bureau of Naval Personnel (Record Group 24) that include the deck logs of the USS Pensacola for 1907. We also located Muster Rolls of Naval Ships and Shore Establishments, 1/1898 - 6/30/1939 in Record Group 24 which may include muster rolls of the USS Pensacola for December 1907. For access to these logs, please contact the National Archives in Washington DC - Textual Reference (RDT1) via email at [email protected] .

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and pursuant to guidance received from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), NARA has adjusted its normal operations to balance the need of completing its mission-critical work while also adhering to the recommended social distancing for the safety of NARA staff. As a result of this re-prioritization of activities, you may experience a delay in receiving an initial acknowledgement as well as a substantive response to your reference request from RDT1. We apologize for this inconvenience and appreciate your understanding and patience.


Prior to World War II [ edit ]

Leaving New York on March 24, 1930, the Pensacola transited the Panama Canal to Callao, Peru, and Valparaíso, Chile, before returning to New York on June 5. For the next four years she operated along the eastern seaboard and in the Caribbean Sea, several times transiting the Panama Canal for combined Fleet battle practice ranging from California to Hawaii.

Pensacola departed Norfolk on 15 January 1935 to join the Pacific Fleet arriving San Diego, her new home port, on 30 January. Fleet problems ranged to Hawaii, one cruise took her to Alaska, and combined fleet maneuvers returned her briefly to the Caribbean Sea before she sailed on 5 October 1939 to base at Pearl Harbor, arriving on the 12th. Pensacola was one of six ships to receive the new RCA CXAM RADAR in 1940. Maneuvers frequently found the cruiser off Midway and French Frigate Shoals, and she made one voyage to Guam.

World War II [ edit ]


USS Pensacola (LSD 38)

USS PENSACOLA was the third ANCHORAGE-class Dock Landing Ship and the fourth ship in the Navy to bear the name of the bay and city in Escambia County, Fla.

PENSACOLA was stricken from the Navy list on September 30, 1999, and sold to Taiwan the same day. There, the ship was renamed SHUI HAI and is still commissioned.

General Characteristics: Awarded: February 25, 1966
Keel laid: March 12, 1969
Launched: July 11, 1970
Commissioned: March 27, 1971
Decommissioned: September 30, 1999
Builder: General Dynamics, Quincy, Mass.
Propulsion system: two 600 psi boilers
Propellers: two
Length: 553 feet (168.6 meters)
Beam: 85 feet (25.9 meters)
Draft: 18 feet (5.5 meters)
Displacement: approx. 14,000 tons full load
Speed: 22 knots
Well deck capacity: three LCAC
Aircraft: none, but helicopter platform
Crew: Ship: 18 officers, 340 enlisted
Crew: Marine Detachment: 330 Marines
Armament: two 20mm Phalanx CIWS, two Mk-38 Machine Guns, four .50 Machine Guns

This section contains the names of sailors who served aboard USS PENSACOLA. It is no official listing but contains the names of sailors who submitted their information.


USS Pensacola (CA 24)

USS Pensacola made a shakedown cruise to Peru and Chile. After this shakedown she began regular operations in the western Atlantic, Caribbean and Pacific. Pensacola shifted home port from Norfolk, Virginia, to San Diego, California, in January 1935 and thereafter mainly served in the Pacific.

When the Pacific War began on 7 December 1941 with Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor, Pensacola was at sea escorting a convoy that was subsequently diverted to Australia. Following patrols in the vicinity of Samoa, the cruiser screened the carriers Lexington and Yorktown during their operations in the southern Pacific from February into April 1942. In the early June Battle of Midway Pensacola escorted both USS Enterprise and USS Yorktown. From August to December 1942, she operated in support of the Guadalcanal campaign, mainly serving with aircraft carriers, and was present during the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands in late October and the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal in mid-November. At the end of November, Pensacola was badly damaged by a torpedo in the Battle of Tassafaronga, with the loss of 125 and 72 were wounded.

Pensacola was under repair until well into 1943, but returned to service in time to participate in the Tarawa invasion in November. In 1944 she took part in the conquest of the Marshall Islands and operated with carrier striking forces during raids in the central Pacific. From May into August, she patrolled in the north Pacific and bombarded Japanese positions in the Kurile Islands. Moving south, Pensacola shelled Wake Island in September and Marcus in early October, then joined the Third Fleet's carrier forces to participate in attacks on Formosa and in the Battle of Leyte Gulf.

Target ship at Bikini in July 1946/.
Decommissioned 26 August 1946.
Stricken and sunk 10 November 1948.

Commands listed for USS Pensacola (CA 24)

Please note that we're still working on this section.

CommanderFromTo
1Capt. Andrew Daniel Denney, USN6 Dec 193716 Dec 1939
2Capt. Norman Scott, USN16 Dec 193921 Jan 1942
3Capt. Frank Loper Lowe, USN21 Jan 194213 Feb 1943
4T/Cdr. James Collins Landstreet, USN13 Feb 194312 Jun 1943
5Capt. Randall Euesta Dees, USN12 Jun 194319 May 1944 ( 1 )
6T/Capt. Allen Prather Mullinnix, USN19 May 194422 Jun 1945
7T/Capt. Willard John Suits, USN22 Jun 1945

You can help improve our commands section
Click here to Submit events/comments/updates for this vessel.
Please use this if you spot mistakes or want to improve this ships page.

Notable events involving Pensacola include:

30 Nov 1942
(Captain Frank Loper Lowe, USN)During the battle of Tassafaronga, USS Pensacola was hit by Japanese "Long Lance" torpedo. Water flooded most of machinery compartments. Only one turbine remained operational. 125 died and 72 of the crew were wounded.

17 Feb 1945
(Captain Allen Prather Mullinnix, USN) Seriously damaged by Shore Batteries at Iwo Jima 17 killed and 119 wounded.


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Product Description

USS Pensacola CA 24

World War II Cruise Book

Bring the Cruise Book to Life with this Multimedia Presentation

This CD will Exceed your Expectations

A great part of Naval history.

You would be purchasing an exact copy of the USS Pensacola cruise book during World War II. Each page has been placed on a CD for years of enjoyable computer viewing. The CD comes in a plastic sleeve with a custom label. Every page has been enhanced and is readable. Rare cruise books like this sell for a hundred dollars or more when buying the actual hard copy if you can find one for sale.

This would make a great gift for yourself or someone you know who may have served aboard her. Usually only ONE person in the family has the original book. The CD makes it possible for other family members to have a copy also. You will not be disappointed we guarantee it.

Some of the items in this book are as follows:

  • Chronological Actions during the war
  • Divisional Crew Photos with names listed
  • Battle Scoreboard
  • Thirteen Battle stars
  • Action off Bougainville
  • Battle of Midway
  • Bruin -Faisi Tonolai Raid
  • Battle of Santa Cruz
  • Battle of Guadalcanal
  • Battle of Tassafaronga
  • Gilbert Islands Operation
  • Palau - Yap - Ulithi - Woleai Raids
  • Battle for Leyte Gulf
  • Kurile Islands Raids
  • Iwo Jima Operations
  • Okinawa Operations
  • Much more including the commissioning.

Over 169 Photos on 101 pages. Many pages of written description telling the WWII story for this ship.

Once you view this CD you will know what life was like on this Heavy Cruiser during World War II.

Additional Bonus:

  • Several Additional Images of the USS Pensacola during the World War II era (National Archives)
  • 22 Minute Audio " American Radio Mobilizes the Homefront " WWII (National Archives)
  • 22 Minute Audio " Allied Turncoats Broadcast for the Axis Powers " WWII (National Archives)
  • 20 Minute Audio of a " 1967 Equator Crossing " (Not this ship but the Ceremony is Traditional)
  • 6 Minute Audio of " Sounds of Boot Camp " in the late 50's early 60's
  • Other Interesting Items Include:
    • The Oath of Enlistment
    • The Sailors Creed
    • Core Values of the United States Navy
    • Military Code of Conduct
    • Navy Terminology Origins (8 Pages)
    • Examples: Scuttlebutt, Chewing the Fat, Devil to Pay,
    • Hunky-Dory and many more.

    Why a CD instead of a hard copy book?

    • The pictures will not be degraded over time.
    • Self contained CD no software to load.
    • Thumbnails, table of contents and index for easy viewing reference.
    • View as a digital flip book or watch a slide show. (You set the timing options)
    • Back ground patriotic music and Navy sounds can be turned on or off.
    • Viewing options are described in the help section.
    • Bookmark your favorite pages.
    • The quality on your screen may be better than a hard copy with the ability to magnify any page.
    • Full page viewing slide show that you control with arrow keys or mouse.
    • Designed to work on a Microsoft platform. (Not Apple or Mac) Will work with Windows 98 or above.

    Personal Comment from "Navyboy63"

    The cruise book CD is a great inexpensive way of preserving historical family heritage for yourself, children or grand children especially if you or a loved one has served aboard the ship. It is a way to get connected with the past especially if you no longer have the human connection.

    If your loved one is still with us, they might consider this to be a priceless gift. Statistics show that only 25-35% of sailors purchased their own cruise book. Many probably wished they would have. It's a nice way to show them that you care about their past and appreciate the sacrifice they and many others made for you and the FREEDOM of our country. Would also be great for school research projects or just self interest in World War II documentation.

    We never knew what life was like for a sailor in World War II until we started taking an interest in these great books. We found pictures which we never knew existed of a relative who served on the USS Essex CV 9 during World War II. He passed away at a very young age and we never got a chance to hear many of his stories. Somehow by viewing his cruise book which we never saw until recently has reconnected the family with his legacy and Naval heritage. Even if we did not find the pictures in the cruise book it was a great way to see what life was like for him. We now consider these to be family treasures. His children, grand children and great grand children can always be connected to him in some small way which they can be proud of. This is what motivates and drives us to do the research and development of these great cruise books. I hope you can experience the same thing for your family.


    Battle of Tassafaronga

    Japanese Rear Admiral Raizo Tanaka, commander of the Japanese warships during the battle.

    Carlton Wright, commander of the U.S. warships in the battle.

    Japanese destroyer Kawakaze

    Japanese, Type 93, "Long Lance" torpedo, on display outside U.S. Navy headquarters in Washington, DC, during World War II.

    Chart of the Battle of Tassafaronga based on testimony by Japanese participants.

    TF67 hours prior to the battle as it heads for Guadalcanal on November 30

    USS Minneapolis (CA-36) at Tulagi with torpedo damage, 1 December 1942

    USS New Orleans Seen after the Battle of Tassafaronga. The PT boat in the foreground is carrying survivors from the USS Northampton.

    New Orleans near Tulagi on December 1 showing torpedo damage.

    Damage to the New Orleans with everything ahead of turret #2 missing after being hit by a single torpedo which exploded her forward magazines.

    New Orleans under a camouflage net at Tulagi undergoing field repairs of battle damage before traveling to rear-area ports for further repairs.

    Minneapolis under a camouflage net at Tulagi undergoing field repairs of battle damage before traveling to rear-area ports for further repairs.

    Minneapolis at Tulagi with a jury-rigged temporary bow made of coconut logs and steel beams to get the ship out of the fighting area around Guadalcanal. She was damaged in the Battle of Tassafaronga.

    USS Pensacola (CA-24) alongside USS Vestal (AR-4), undergoing repair of torpedo damage received during the Battle of Tassafaronga, off Guadalcanal on 30 November 1942. Note the hole in her side below the mainmast, and the extensive fire damage in the area of that mast and the number three eight-inch gun turret. Photographed at Espirito Santo, New Hebrides, on 17 December 1942.

    "Permanent" temporary bow rigged on Minneapolis for the trip across the Pacific.

    Minneapolis headed for Pearl Harbor with her shortened, temporary bow in place. January, 1943.

    Minneapolis at Pearl Harbor in March, 1943 being repaired after torpedo damage at the Battle of Tassafaronga on November 30, 1942. Minneapolis was flagship of TF-67 and was hit by two torpedoes one blew her bow off, ahead of #1 turret and the other struck further aft amidships. The aft damage is hidden by scaffolding in this photo.

    USS Minneapolis (CA-36) Departing Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, 11 April 1943, after being fitted with a new bow.

    USS Salt Lake City (CA-25), USS Pensacola (CA-24) and USS New Orleans (CA-32) at Pearl Harbor, 31 October 1943


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    Watch the video: Minecraft USS Pensacola CA-24 (January 2022).

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