Nathaniel Banks

Nathaniel Banks

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Nathaniel Banks was born in Waltham, Massachusetts, on 30th January, 1816. After a brief education he worked as a bobbin boy in a cotton factory.

Banks became a journalist and edited a weekly paper in Waltham before studying law and being admitted to the bar. A member of the Democratic Party, he served in the Massachusetts legislature (1849-53). Banks was a strong opponent of the Kansas-Nebraska and this eventually resulted in him joining the Republican Party.

In 1855 Banks was elected to the House of Representatives before becoming governor of Massachusetts in 1858. Banks was initially opposed to the American Civil War. Lincoln managed to persuade Banks to change his mind and in 1861 appointed him Major General of Volunteers. He was now the fourth highest ranking officer in the army, junior to only Winfield Scott, John C. Fremont and George McClellan. This angered senior army officers as Banks had no military experience.

In the summer of 1862 Banks was defeated by Thomas Stonewall Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley. He was given the command of the Military District of Washington before succeeded General Benjamin Butler at the Department of the Gulf in October, 1862. His attempt to open the Mississippi River from the South ended in failure. His military inexperience also resulted in the deaths of a large number of soldiers at Port Hudson, Louisiana (July 1863). His Red River expedition (March-May, 1864) also ended in failure when he was defeated by Edmund Kirby-Smith.

After these series of military set-backs, Banks was replaced by Major General Edward Canby and he returned to the House of Representatives. After the American Civil War, Banks was a staunch opponent of the reconstruction policies of President Andrew Johnson. Elected to Congress in 1865, 1866, 1868 and 1870, Banks also served as U.S. marshal for Massachusetts (1879-88). Nathaniel Banks died in Waltham, Massachusetts, on 1st September, 1894.

Nathaniel Banks

Nathaniel Banks is a life‐long resident of Champaign, Illinois. He was educated in the Champaign schools, and graduated from what is now called Champaign Central High. He received his college education at the University of Illinois and has a Bachelor of Arts and Masters of Science in Applied Music and Music Education respectively. Upon leaving college, Nathaniel Banks worked as the Assistant Director of the African-American Cultural Program for nine years. He then left campus to become the Principal of Judah Christian High School. He returned to the U of I in 1990 to work in the Office of Minority Student Affairs. Mr. Banks has worked in several capacities in the University including the Director of Upward Bound, the Presidentʹs Leadership Program, Director of the African American Cultural Program and Director of Campus‐Community Interface, Office of the Vice Chancellor for Public Engagement. With Robert Lewis, he formed MoʹBetta Music, a youth, volunteer music organization that has performed at community events. He is also the director of the Urbana High School Jazz Band that participates in local as well as state-wide events. Nathaniel Banks is married to Lisha Banks. They have three sons.

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Nathaniel Banks Wiki, Biography, Net Worth, Age, Family, Facts and More

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Nathaniel P. Banks is a well known Celebrity. Nathaniel was born on January 30, 1816 in Waltham, Massachusetts..Nathaniel is one of the famous and trending celeb who is popular for being a Celebrity. As of 2018 Nathaniel Banks is 78 years (age at death) years old. Nathaniel Banks is a member of famous Celebrity list.

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Name Nathaniel Banks
Age (as of 2018) 78 years (age at death)
Profession Celebrity
Birth Date January 30, 1816
Birth Place Waltham, Massachusetts
Nationality Waltham

Nathaniel Banks Net Worth

Nathaniel primary income source is Celebrity. Currently We don’t have enough information about his family, relationships,childhood etc. We will update soon.

Estimated Net Worth in 2019: $100K-$1M (Approx.)

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Family & Relations

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  • Nathaniel Banks age is 78 years (age at death). as of 2018
  • Nathaniel birthday is on January 30, 1816.
  • Zodiac sign: Aquarius.

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Banks, Nathaniel P.

Nathaniel Prentice (or Prentiss) Banks (January 30, 1816 – September 1, 1894) was an American politician and soldier, and a Union general during the American Civil War.

A millworker by background, Banks was prominent in local debating societies, and his oratorical skills were noted by the Democratic Party. But his abolitionist views fitted him better for the nascent Republican Party, through which he became Speaker of the United States House of Representatives and Governor of Massachusetts.

At the outbreak of the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln appointed Banks as one of the first ‘political’ major generals, over the heads of West Point regulars, who initially resented him, but came to acknowledge his influence on the administration of the war. After suffering an inglorious defeat in the Shenandoah at the hands of the newly famous Stonewall Jackson, Banks replaced Benjamin Butler at New Orleans, Louisiana as commander of the Department of the Gulf, charged with liberating the Mississippi River. But he failed to reinforce Grant at Vicksburg, and only took the surrender of Port Hudson after Vicksburg had fallen. He was then put in charge of the Red River Campaign, a doomed attempt to occupy eastern Texas. Banks had no faith in this strategy, but the outgoing General-in-Chief, Henry Halleck, is believed to have told Grant that it was Banks’ idea, in order to dodge responsibility for this expensive failure, for which Banks was removed from command.

After the war, Banks returned to the Massachusetts political scene, where he influenced the Alaska Purchase legislation and supported Women's suffrage.


Banks was born in Waltham, Massachusetts, in the United States. A man who loved reading, he became a member of the US Democratic Party after having spoken at the local temperance movement. He failed to join the state legislature both in 1844 and 1847, but in 1848 he was accepted into the state legislature and in 1852 he was elected to the US Congress. Five years later he was made the Governor of Massachusetts after backing John C. Fremont's bid for joining the US Republican Party his abolitionist views convinced him to change party lotalties. 

American Civil War

On May 16, 1861, President Abraham Lincoln made him a Major-General of the volunteers recruited during the American Civil War, and in 1862 he saw his first service during the Peninsula Campaign and the Valley Campaign, and in November he replaced Benjamin Butler as the commander of the Department of the Gulf in New Orleans. He was later joined by his wife, the "Goddess of Liberty", in New Orleans. In March 1863 Banks laid siege to the Confederate stronghold of Port Hudson, which helped to supply Vicksburg in Mississippi, accepting its surrender after the fall of Vicksburg. Aided by Mexican patriots, he captured southern Texas in November 1863 in an attempt to verify that no French aid could come to the Confederate States. But in March-May 1864 his army was defeated in the poorly-managed Red River Campaign in northern Texas, and on 22 April he was replaced by the ill-fated general Edward Canby. In May 1865 he resigned from the army and returned to Massachusetts in September. 

From 1865 to 1873 Banks was reelected to Congress, and again in 1888, but by that year his mental health was fading. He died in 1890.

Letter to Nathaniel Banks

Many primary documents relate to multiple themes in American history and government and are curated by different editors for particular collections. In the dropdown menu, we provide links to variant excerpts of the document, with study questions relevant to particular themes.


New Orleans came into Union hands in April 1862 and much of Louisiana followed. It was among the first Confederate states to be re-occupied through Union military action. As an occupied territory, it was under military authority, including that of the Commander of the Union’s Gulf Forces, General Nathaniel Banks (1816-1894) from Massachusetts, a former Speaker of the House of Representatives. He wrote President Lincoln about his efforts in Louisiana on April 17, 1863. Lincoln appreciated the political minefield that Banks faced. Unionists in Louisiana were lukewarm and unwilling to act, while secessionists wanted a restored Louisiana allowed into the Union with slavery unimpeded, or with as little change to race relations as possible. Banks experimented with mandatory contractual relations, where slaves would be under contracts to their old masters as a temporary measure, and also with efforts to graft a new state constitution onto the old. These efforts raised important issues about how a reconstructed government would be organized, whether defeated Southerners were ready to emancipate freedmen (since the Emancipation Proclamation had been issued on January 1, 1863), and what role the national government should take in the reconstruction of the state governments. Lincoln deliberated on these issues and answered Banks in August 1863 (after the victory of Vicksburg on July 4, 1863, which put the entire Mississippi in Union hands).

Source: Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, edited by Roy Basler, Volume 6 (The Abraham Lincoln Association, 2006), 364–365.

Being a poor correspondent is the only apology I offer for not having sooner tendered my thanks for your very successful, and very valuable military operations this year. The final stroke in opening the Mississippi never should, and I think never will, be forgotten. . . .

. . . While I very well know what I would be glad for Louisiana to do, it is quite a different thing for me to assume direction of the matter. I would be glad for her to make a new Constitution recognizing the emancipation proclamation, and adopting emancipation in those parts of the state to which the proclamation does not apply. And while she is at it, I think it would not be objectionable for her to adopt some practical system by which the two races could gradually live themselves out of their old relation to each other, and both come out better prepared for the new. Education for young blacks should be included in the plan. After all, the power, or element, of “contract” may be sufficient for this probationary period and, by its simplicity, and flexibility, may be the better.

As an anti-slavery man I have a motive to desire emancipation, which pro-slavery men do not have but even they have strong enough reason to thus place themselves again under the shield of the Union and to thus perpetually hedge against the recurrence of the scenes through which we are now passing. . . .

For my own part I think I shall not, in any event, retract the emancipation proclamation nor, as executive, ever return to slavery any person who is free by the terms of that proclamation, or by any of the acts of Congress.

If Louisiana shall send members to Congress, their admission to seats will depend, as you know, upon the respective Houses, and not upon the President.

If these views can be of any advantage in giving shape, and impetus, to action there, I shall be glad for you to use them prudently for that object. Of course you will confer with intelligent and trusty citizens of the State. . . . Still it is perhaps better to not make the letter generally public.

Study Questions

A. What policies does President Lincoln want the new constitution of Louisiana to embody? What powers does President Lincoln think he has? On what kinds of issues does he merely suggest what should be done? Why does President Lincoln think himself empowered only to suggest, not to order, that Louisiana adopt certain constitutional provisions?

B. Compare the tone and orders of President Lincoln in this letter to General Nathaniel Banks with the tone and orders found in Wade-Davis Bill and Reconstruction acts where variations of Radical Republican policies are pursued and Veto of the First Reconstruction Act where President Andrew Johnson vetoes Radical bills.

A Fatal Wound for Charles Winder

While Winder was directing the artillery fire near the Crittenden gate, a shell came whistling down from one of the Federal batteries and struck him on the left side, nearly tearing off his arm at the elbow. The general quivered and dropped to the ground with what was described as “a tremendous hole in his side.” A surgeon examined his wounds and deemed them fatal. Winder was carried on a stretcher to the rear, where he died less than two hours later. Jackson, hearing of the incident, raised his arm and bowed his head for a moment of silent prayer.

The wounding of Winder at 4:45 pm meant that Taliaferro would now assume command of Winder’s division. The task that Taliaferro inherited was a difficult one. Neither Winder nor Jackson had apprised him of their orders. What was more, Taliaferro began receiving reports that Federal troops were massing opposite the Confederate left flank. He personally inspected his left on horseback, but found no evidence of an impending attack. Jackson, who was devoting most of his time to the situation south of the Culpeper Road, also inspected the left flank. Before riding away, Jackson told Garnett to watch his left flank closely and, if necessary, request support from Taliaferro.

While the Confederates were busy correcting the kinks in their deployment, the Federals south of the Culpeper Road attacked. Leaving behind Green’s understrength brigade, Auger sent Brig. Gen. John Geary’s and Brig. Gen. Henry Prince’s brigades forward at 5:45 pm against the Confederate right flank. Banks watched intently from just north of the Culpeper Road as his blue ranks were swallowed up by the mature corn growing on the Crittenden farm. Across the field, Jackson sat atop his horse next to Taliaferro’s position. As the Federals approached, Jackson rose in his saddle and watched closely to see how his soldiers would meet the enemy attack.

The forces facing each other on the Crittenden farm were nearly equal. The Federals fielded 10 regiments and one battalion the Confederates matched the attackers with nine regiments and a battalion. Geary’s brigade advanced on the right toward Taliaferro, while Prince’s brigade advanced on the left toward Early. Auger was struck in the back by a bullet in the first few minutes of the attack and carried to the rear. Geary advanced first with two regiments forward and another two regiments in reserve. Prince’s brigade attacked in the same style.

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Nathaniel Banks - History

Dozens of Bankses came as indentured servants, and occasional apprentices, primarily to Virginia. In return for payment of their expensive passage, servants had to work for the man paying the passage for a set number of years. Many of these servants likely died. A few were also sent to the American colonies as exiled criminals.

In 1645, Richard Banks (b. abt 1607, resident of Alkham, Kent) settled at York, now in Maine. Richard was provincial councilor in 1651 and 1652. He was the ancestor of a large number of descendants of mostly Maine and Nova Scotia, including poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Some of the family perished in Indian massacres in late 1600s.

By 1643, John Banks (b. abt 1609) settled at Windsor and Fairfield, Connecticut. He was deputy from Fairfield or Rye to the Connecticut legislature in 18 sessions. In 1666, he was commissioner for Fairfield, and member of the war council in 1675, 1676. He was the ancestor of a large number of descendants, residents of mostly Connecticut and southern New York.

Richard Banks (b. abt 1613) settled in St. Marys Co., Maryland, by 1641. In 1647 he was one of 16 members of the Maryland Assembly. In 1652, he was a member of the Council of Maryland. When the Puritans took control of the Maryland government. Stone's rebellion against this control included Lt. Richard Banks's taking charge of St. Inigo's Fort. Stone was killed and his officers briefly held prisoner. Shortly after in 1655, Lt. Richard Banks was found in arms against the present government, but he was discharged from prosecution because he surrendered the fort on request. It is unclear that Richard had surviving descendants.

Adam Bankes (b. abt 1641 of Hindley and Wigan, Lancashire) He was in Maryland by 1669, but settled in today's Stafford and King George Cos., Virginia, in the northern neck area between the Potomac and Rappanhannock Rivers. He was the ancestor of a large number of descendants of Virginia, the South and Midwest, including the Pulitzer Prize winner (1918), U. S. Senator William Cabell Bruce and the most prominent veteran ambassador of the 1970s, David E. K. Bruce and Washington art and museum czar of 1970s-90s, J. Carter Brown.

William Bankes (b. early 1640s?). He had land in today's King and Queen Co., east central Virginia, on the Mattapony River in 1660. He was the ancestor of a large number of descendants who mostly relocated in the late 1700s to the Deep South.

French and Indian War
On December22, 1755, George Washington issued a general order titled "Parole Boston" but apparently written from Winchester, VA. He ordered Henry Banks discharged as unfit for duty. Biddie Bankes was a member of Caroline Co., Virginia troops in Virginia Regiment. In 1759, Linn Banks of Virginia was a soldier under Col. William Byrd and promoted to sergeant in 1760.

In Frederick Co., Maryland, in 1757, John Banks (b. 1707 Prince Georges Co., Maryland) listed in Capt. Moses Chapline's Militia Co., Antietam Hundred.

James Banks (b. 1732, Ayrshire, Scotland) of Pennsylvania joined General Washington's command and took part in the Braddock Campaign against Fort Duquesne (now Pittsburgh) , fighting for the protection of the frontier against the Indians and the French. He was with Braddock at this defeat on July 9, 1755. He later served under Captain Wm. Clinton, who raised a company of volunteers, in the campaign of 1756-57, on the western frontiers of Virginia and Pennsylvania.

Richard Banks (b. 1722, York Co., Maine) died of a fever contracted during the war. Aaron Banks (b. 1738, York, York Co., Maine) was one of 20 men with Capt. Gargill to go to Castine, Maine and was at Ft. Pownal in 1759, and at the capture of Ticonderoga and at capture of Montreal in 1760. Lieut. Job Banks (b. 1695, York, York Co., Maine) in 1757 was in Col. Jeremiah Moulton's unit. Samuel Banks listed as a private on the Biddeford [Maine] expedition. Alcot Banks was listed as a private on the Ft. Halifax expedition from York Co. Maine, in 1755. James Banks was listed as a Massachusetts private on the Crown Point expedition who deserted.

Independence Activities
On 27 Jul 1774, Sutton Banks (b. 1749, Lincolnshire?, England) was one of those meeting at Tondee's Tavern, Savannah, Georgia where criticism of the English actions was voiced. He was listed as a Son of Liberty and member of the Committee of Correspondence.

American Revolution
John Banks
(b. abt 1756, Stafford Co., Virginia) was the primary source of supplies to the American forces in the southern United States through his mercantile business of Banks, Hunter & Co.

From 4 Jun 1778 to 5 Mar 1779, John Banks (b. 1757) was a private from York Co., Maine He marched to Cherry Valley and besieged at Ft. Allen . Moses Banks (b. 1832, York, Maine) of Scarborough was in Capt. John Rice's Co. He was Quartermaster, Capt. Bracket's Co., Col. Edmund Phinney's (31st) regt. enlisted 7 May 1775. He was on list of officers recommended by Council, 6 Oct 1775, to be commisioned by Genl. Washington also 2nd lt. & quartermaster, Capt. Jeremiah Hill's Co., Col. Phinney's Regt. He was on muster roll at Ft. George , 8 Dec 1776 enlisted 1 Jan 1776 reported cashiered 26 Jul 1776.

In spring, 1775, Nathaniel Sartell Prentice Banks (b. 1735, Grafton, Massachusetts) went to Concord , Massachusetts from New Hampshire on the alarm at the Battle of Lexington. On 13 Mar 1776, the legislature sent him to General Washington asking for powder back. In Sep 1776, he was chosen major of 2nd NH Rgt. He was also at White Plains , NY. Thomas Banks (b. 1752) of Hatfield, Massachusetts was at the Battle of Bunker Hill , but is reported to have shown the white feather and left the field early in the engagement, according to a reminiscence. He also marched 20 Apr 1775 with Capt. Chapin's Co. for seven days to Albany in response to an alarm. He was shown on the company's roster in Oct 1775. Zaccheus Banks (b. 1759, Malden, Massachusetts) on 3 May 1775 enlisted at Charleston, MA in Bullard's Company, Massachusetts Continental Regiment as a private. Under the name Zachariah? he was mustered 16 Feb 1777 at Boston. He enlisted for the town of Weston. He also shows as a drummer in Capt. Smith's Co. He appears on the 1778 Valley Forge muster roll. He was also on the 1780-82 rolls. His discharge dtd 9 Jun 1783 was signed by Genl. Washington. Total service 7 yrs, 3 mos.

Benjamin Banks (b. abt 1746) of Fairfield, Connecticut was an infantry private under Capt. Nash. He volunteered, went to Danbury, Brookfield, Newtown in 1775 for one week to disarm the Tories. That same year he was drafted into state troops, marched to New York and assisted in guarding the city and entrenching Governor's Island (6 mos). In summer 1776, he enlisted in the horse troops, marched to NY and was with Washington's Continental Troops when British troops took the city (3 mos. service). On 25 Apr 1777, he was taken prisoner at burning of Danbury, taken to NY, confined in the sugar house. On the prison ship, he contracted smallpox before being sent home. (3 mos service) In Aug 1777, he enlisted again and was at White Plains, Sawpits and along the seashore. In Jun 1778, he enlisted at the fort at Black Rock in the Fairfield Guard. Was in battle skirmishes in 1779 at the burning of Fairfield, Norwalk, and burning of Greensfarms, Muling house & battle of Campo. (1 week service)

Gershom Banks (b. 1752, Fairfield, Connecticut) enlisted 1775 and marched to New York. he assisted in entrenching on Governor's Island. Discharged after 6 mos. In 1776 he joined horse troop to General Washington's command. In 1777 he was with same horse troop. Was at White Plains sawpits. In Aug 1778, he enlisted at the fort at Black Rock in the Fairfield Guard for one year. He was in the battles in 1779 and the burning of Fairfield and Norwalk and burning of Greenfarms Meeting House and Battle of Campo for one week. In 1779 he enlisted in Minute Men Guard at Fairfield

Thaddeus Banks (b. 1740, resident of Fairfield Co., Connecticut) was in the company of Capt. Dimon. Thomas Banks was recruited for the Revolutionary Army from Fairfield Co., Connecticut in 1781. Obediah Banks, (b. 1757, Greenfield, Connecticut) was listed after the war as a war pensioner based on his service and was present at the attack at Horse Neck, Connecticut. Daniel Banks, (b. 1760, Greenwich, Connecticut) was in Capt Isaac Hawes Co. of Militia for 3 yrs beginning in 1777. He was quartered at Greenwich Twp. Horseneck & Quaker Ridge, CT for 6 mos. then Byrams, Fairfield Co. (there for 2 yrs, 6 mos). He was in engagement at Indian Harbor, at Horseneck, 1780. A Samuel Banks of Greenwich, Connecticut, was in Hows Co., enlisted for war, with notation that transient persons hired for him. Nathan Banks (b. abt 1760) took brother Aaron's place because Aaron's wife was a Tory and opposed to him serving. In 1777, Nathan enlisted on his own for 8 mos. When Nathan's brother Peter was drafted in 1779, Nathan took his place. And in 1780 Nathan enlisted as a sergeant for 12 months. In 1781, Nathan was drafted for 2 mos for seashore service. Jesse Banks (b. 1759) listed as dying in 1777 in service of the Connecticut forces. David Banks (b. 1759) died in 1777 while part of the Connecticut militia. On the 9th of Mar 1780 Hyatt Banks (b. 1764) was drafted for 3 mos. He was on guard duty in Fairfield. In 1783, he was drafted again for 3 mos, guarding coast of Fairfield. In 1781 Hyatt was in a sergeant's guard that took Tories to Danbury for two weeks.

Ebenezer Banks (b. 1752) of Connecticut was an ensign, 7th Co., 5th Rgt., American army, 1775 2nd Lt., 2nd Co., 1st Battery, American army, June 1776. In 1775, Ensign Ebenezer Banks Jr. was listed in Doolittle's Co., Waterbury Rgt. Ebenezer was an ensign for 7 mos, a lieutenant for 6 mos from Apr 1775. He was first an enlistment officer, then sent to Stamford, then New York City, then Ticonderoga, then Crown Point. then under Genl. Montgomery to AuxNois. He returned to St. Johns laid seige to the fort, the to La Prarie. Then at Poughkeepsie. In Jan 1776, promoted to 1st lieutenant, but too sick for duty. Then to NY for 2 mos, to Long Island, retreated to Harlem Heights, to White Plains to Peekskill, then to North Castle til Dec 1776. In 1777, he declined a 1st lieut commission in Continental Army. He helped later in defense of Danbury & Ridgefield. When Burgoyne was taken at Saratoga, Ebenezer joined the forces at Peakskill as a volunteer. He was acting adjutant at the burning of Fairfield, Norwalk & adjacent villages.

Jonathan Banks (b. 1760, Greenfield, Connecticut) in Apr 1777, was on duty, taken prisoner en route to Danbury, taken there and to Ridgefield. He had to march in front of the army, taken to NY, sick and starved, nearly consumed by body lice and got smallpox as well. He was exchanged, carried home by his brother, but was sick for another year. In Jul 1779, he was duty as a private in the militia when Fairfield and Norwalk burned. In May 1781, he was in militia again at Campo.

Daniel Banks (b. 1760, Greenwich, Connecticut) was in Capt Isaac Hawes Co. of Militia for 3 yrs beginning in 1777. He was quartered at Greenwich Twp. Horseneck & Quaker Ridge, CT for 6 mos. then Byrams, Fairfield Co. (there for 2 yrs, 6 mos). He was in engagement at Indian Harbor, at Horseneck, 1780. In 1779 attack on Horse Neck, CT, he & 3 brothers present.

Moses Oyster Banks (b. 1762, Westport, Connecticut) in 1783 had been a private for 9 mos under Capt. Bennett. He did guard duty in the Connecticut area. In 1781? he was also in Connecticut State Troops in Fairfield for 9 mos in which they engaged in frequent skirmishes. John Banks served as a crew member on the brigatines Delight and Marshall in Connecticut.

Ezekiel O. Banks (b. 1758, CT) was drafted in Mar 1776 under Capt. Jonathan Dimon and marched to Long Island Sound down to New York (5 mos), then discharged. Then he was in service again when city of New York was taken. In 1777, he enlisted for 9 mos, was in Fairfield, then Danbury, and at battle at Ridgefield -- all in Connecticut. In 1778, he enlisted and marched to join the Continental troops on the North River. He then was at Fishkill, Peekskill, Sing Sing, White Plains and ___ Chester, then to Westchester -- all in New York. He had winter quarters at Horseneck, wounded near Kingsbridge when most of party (9 mos total in that year). In Apr 1779 he enlisted in Fairfield Guard, guarding coast for 9 mos. In period 1779-82 he was a volunteer along Fairfield.

Pvt. Jeremiah Banks (b. abt 1754) of York (or Kittery), Maine. In a return of Capt. Samuel McIntyre's Co. at Kittery Point [now in York Co., Maine], 5 Nov 1775, he was listed as one of the privates in the company. Jeremiah included on list of men mustered in York Co. 29 Feb 1777 Capt. Daniel Wheelwright's Co., Col Ebenezer Francis's Rgt. also, pvt., in Capt. Wheelwright's Co., Col. Francis's Rgt., 18 Jan 1777 to date of marching, 22 Mar 1777. He was also enlisted Apr 1779 by Capt. Thomas Francis's Co., 11th Rgt., enlistment during war reported deserted Mar 1780.

John Banks (b. 1757, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) of Gloucester Co., New Jersey had a one-month tour under Capt. Archibald Mofitt. He was in a skirmish at Staten Island, arriving there from Perth Amboy, NJ in Sep 1776. Then he was in the New Jersey militia in Bucks Co., PA under Capt. Joseph Lieve. He saw the British cross the Delaware in retreat and was at the taking of Trenton , NJ, 26 Dec 1776, then to Princeton, NJ under Genl. Washington. In 1777, he was with Capt John Smith for 6 months. In Oct 1777, he was with Capt. Paul on the Delaware River and other skirmishes. Then he was with Capt. Moffitt for one month. In 1778, he was with Capt. Burns. In Mar 1778, he was with Capt. Cozens for one month. He was taken prisoner, taken to Philadelphia, then New York for three months. He was exchanged and returned to his home. In 1778, under his father, Capt. Richard Banks (b. prob. 1720s-30s) and Col. Proctor of the Continental Artillery he was sent to protect the saltworks on the sea, New Jersey, for one month. Joseph Banks (b. abt 1751) of Nova Scotia is said to have died in New Jersey fighting Americans.

On 3 Feb 1777, Pvt. Joseph Banks entered into service, Col. Hazen's Pennsylvania Regt. (Canadian Old Regt.) On 28 Jan 1776, Pvt. Joseph Banks enlisted in Rudolf Bunner's Co., 2nd Penn. Battalion. On 24 Feb 1777, Ensign Joseph Banks listed as being with the 10th Pennsylvania in the Continental Line. On 4 Dec 1777, Q. M. Lieut. Joseph Banks was with 10th Pa. Rgt., Field & Staff. On 2 Jun 1778, Joseph Banks commissioned lieutenant, Capt. Robert Sample's 4th Co. (Field & Staff) In Aug 1780, Lt. Joseph Banks listed in the muster roll of Capt. Robert Sample's Co. On 17 Jan 1781, Capt. Joseph Banks of the 10th, listed in 1st Rgt., Continental Line. Andrew Bankes of [later] Montgomery Co., Pennsylvania was a private in Capt. Peter Louis's company for 6 months in 1776. He was first drafted into the militia for two months, then discharged. During this term they marched to Philadelphia, then by water to Trenton, then to Amboy. He was drafted for another two months into the militia. They marched to White M___ where he stayed til discharged. He went 4 days without anything to eat. He was drafted a third time into the militia. They marched to Philadelphia, then to Trenton before being discharged.

James Banks of Elizabeth City Co., Virginia, was sailing master on the ship "Liberty" under Commodore Barron. Another James Banks was a surgeon's mate in the American navy. Pvt. Jeremiah Banks (from Surry Co., Virginia, was credited with 84 months in service. Dudley Banks was a lieutenant in the Virginia State Line. In Aug 1778, Amherst Co., Virginia, William Banks (b. abt 1750 Culpeper Co., Virginia) was commissioned as an ensign in the Amherst Co. militia. Reuben Banks (b. Culpeper Co. Virginia) enlisted in Capt. Tucker's Co., Amherst Co., Virginia militia as a corporal. He was discharged 26 Mar 1781. Tunstall Banks was a captain of the 7th Division of Virginia Militia. Among his unit's activities was a march to Gloucestertown.

A William Banks was on the payroll of Capt. Clement Hall's Co. in the 2nd N. Carolina Battalion, White Plains, 9 Sep 1778. Pvt. William Banks was on a roster of the Continental Line, 1783, 10th Rgt. And Pvt. William Banks enlisted in Yarbarrow's Co. 1781 for 12 mos, left service 1 Apr 1782. Pvt. William Banks was on a roster of the Continental Line, 1783, 5th Rgt., Stedman's Co., enlisted 1777 for war. Corporal 10 Nov 1778. Deserted 1 Apr 1779. And a William Banks was listed in the army accounts of the N. Carolina Line, settled at Warrenton, 1786. On 1 Oct 1780, Drury Banks volunteered for a troop of horses (a military unit) for three months (Capt. William Cage, Col. Litteral). He was then living in Chatham Co., North Carolina. James Banks was in the Chatham Co., N. Carolina militia. . On 2 Jun 1780, Pvt. Joseph Banks was listed on payroll of Capt. Alexander Whitehall's Co. of the 1st N. Carolina Regiment of Militia. On 13 Sep 1782, Pvt. Joseph Banks enlisted in 10th Regiment, Bailey's Co., for 18 mos service. Benjamin W. Banks (b. 1760 - of Hertford Co., North Carolina) was probably the Benjamin listed in army accounts settled at Warrenton, 1786, for North Carolina Line.

Boling Banks was listed as a soldier of the Georgia line. John Banks was listed as a soldier of Georgia troops.

The Confederation and Early Republic
William Cuthbert Banks (b. 1770, King George Co., Virginia) served under General George Rogers Clark in the Indian expedition in Kentucky after the American Revolution.

Henry Banks (b. 1761, Stafford Co., Virginia) on his own account and as heir to his brother John Banks received huge grants of land in today's West Virginia and Kentucky in compensation for supplies to American forces in the American Revolution.

Dr. Richard Banks was responsible for vaccinating many Native Americans of northern Georgia against smallpox. The Georgia legislature named Banks County, Georgia, in his memory.

War of 1812
James Banks (b. abt 1766) was a major general from Pennsylvania. And a John Banks was listed as a private in Raguet's Co. (Col. Rush), May -Jun 1913.

Bentley Banks (b. 1795, Corinth, Orange Co., Vermont) and Thomas Banks were war soldiers from Corinth, Vermont. James Banks (b. 1789, Old Orchard, Maine) raised a company of infantry. As lieutenant of this company he took part in several [unspecified] engagements.

A William Banks from New Jersey was a soldier in this war. (no details).

Linn Banks (b 1784, Culpeper Co., Virginia) was listed as a veteran of the War of 1812 from Virginia.

James Banks. Joshua Banks and six William Bankses (including one William B. Banks) and five John Bankses and two George W. Bankses and two Baylor Bankses from Virginia had War of 1812 service records (no details). There was also a War of 1812 Virginia service record for a Corporal Edmund Banks. Richard Tunstall Banks (b. 1795, Culpeper Co., Virginia) also had a service record.

Pvt. Reuben Banks, (b. Culpeper Co., Virginia) was listed both in Col. William Dudley's Rgt., and Capt. John Yantis's Co. of Infantry - Detached Kentucky Militia. On 20 May 1813, Pvt. Garrard Banks (b. 1782 Amherst Co., Virginia) enlisted in Capt. James Davidson's Company of Mounted Kentucky Infantry. He served until 15 Aug 1813. On 15 Aug 1813, Pvt. Lynn Banks (b. abt 1791 of Kentucky) enlisted in Capt. James Davidson's Co. of Mounted Kentucky Infantry. He served until 19 Nov 1813. Thomas Baxter Banks (b. abt 1784) of Adair Co., Kentucky, hired a substitute.

Pvt. Aaron Banks (b. abt 1795, N. Carolina) was in Captain Lowry's Co., North Carolina Militia. Sgt. Hardy M. Banks (b. 1789) was in 1st Regiment, McCotter's North Carolina Militia. Three Henry Bankses were listed among North Carolina troops: one in Major Tisdale's Command, another in 1st Regiment (McDonald's) and a third in 2nd Regiment (Tisdale's).

Charles Banks was a sergeant in Austin's Regiment of S. Carolina Militia in the War of 1812. No details provided. (Another?) Charles Banks was captain in Tucker's Regiment of S. Carolina Militia. David Banks (b 1775) was a private in Youngblood's Rgt. of S. Carolina Militia. Joab Banks, (b. 1775-80) was a private in Noah's Regiment of S. Carolina Militia. John Banks, (b abt 1797) served as a private in Capt James Hambleton's Co., 18th Regt and was transferred to Brevet Major Peter Muhlenburgh's Co., 4th Regt US Inf. On Sept 1, 1816 at Ft. Scott, Georgia John received a gunshot wound in his right knee, was discharged Nov 15, 1817. Solomon Banks (b. abt 1778) and Vincent Banks were privates in Austin's Regiment of S. Carolina Militia.

William Banks (b. abt 1750, Culpeper Co., Virginia) while living Wilkes Co., Georgia, enlisted in 1814 under Andrew Jackson and was traveling to Mobile, where he was expecting "they would have stirring times."

Thomas Banks (b. abt 1778, Chester, England) was a private in Capt. Beale's Co. of Riflemen, Louisiana Militia. Pvt. George Denshere Banks (b. abt 1796) on 31 Dec 1814, went on duty in Natchez Volunteer Rifle Co., Mississippi Militia. He was present Jan-Mar 1815 and term of service expired 31 Mar 1815. Levi Banks (b. 1775-80) served as a private in Capt. Harmon Runnell's Co., 13th Regiment, Nixon's Mississippi Militia. He was on the payroll Jan-Feb 1815, discharged 7 Feb 1815

Years after War of 1812
James Banks (b. 1766, Pennsylvania) in 1817 was a presidential elector for the election of James Madison.

Linn Banks (b. 1784, Culpeper Co., Virginia) was speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates for 20 years. He was elected as a Democrat to the 25th-27th U. S. Congresses (1838-41).

John Banks (b. 1793, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania) was elected in 1831 to Congress as a Whig and served until 1836.

The Mexican War
On 3 Jun 1846, Pvt.(Dr.) Robert Bruce Banks (b. 1818, Stafford Co., Virginia) was mustered in at Vicksburg, Mississippi, in Co. C., 1st Miss. Infantry. He was present through Mar 1847. The unit was mustered out at New Orleans, 10 Jun 1847. On 1 Aug 1846 he was placed on extra duty in the medical dept. and on 1 Mar 1847 he was reassigned as "acting asst. surgeon" in the hospital at Saltillo, Mexico by order of Genl. Zachary Taylor. This unit had moved to a site near Monterrey, Mexico, in Sep 1846 and stayed there until Jan 1847 when they moved to near Saltillo, Mexico. He removed a bullet from the foot of Col. Jefferson Davis, later Confederate president. Robert himself was saved from death when a bullet hit his silver knife in his belt.

Albert A. Banks (b. abt 1826, Virginia) stated in a letter in 1876 he was a Mexican War veteran. [Albert's last known residence before the war was in Virginia, but brother Paul enlisted in Mississippi.] On 25 Jan 1847, Pvt. Paul Cabell Banks (b abt 1828, Virginia) was mustered into Capt. Daniel's Co., 2nd Mississippi Infantry. He died 25 Feb en route to Mexico. In July 1846, Winston Banks (b. abt 1812, South Carolina) was one of the soldiers mustered in Vicksburg, MS into 1st Miss. Rgt. Co. A, Yazoo Volunteers. They were involved in the attack on Monterrey, Mexico, on 21 Sep 1846. In Dec 1846, they were in Victoria, Mexico. The unit was in Monterrey again Jan 1847 and was with Genl. Zachary Taylor in the defeat of Santa Ana in Feb 1847. Winston was present with the unit until disbanded Jun 1847.

George W. Banks (b. abt 1814, Tennessee) a member of Tennessee's Hickory Guards, 1846-7. John Banks of Smith Co., Tennessee, was a private Co. C, 1st Tennessee Volunteers. He contracted measles at Lomita, Mexico and died in the hospital at Matamoras. Lot Banks (b. 1821, Warren Co., Tennessee) was a sergeant in Co. B, 3rd Tennessee Infantry Rgt. They rendezvoused 20 Sep 1847 at Manchester, Tennessee. He was discharged 22 Jul 1848 at Memphis.

William Wallace Banks (b. abt 1825, Elizabeth City Co., Virginia) a surgeon in the Mexican War. He participated in the Battle of Chapultepec .

On 18 Jun 1846, Corporal Charles Banks enrolled in Co. K, 1st Illinois Infantry Rgt.

Pvt. William Banks (b. 1814, Kentucky) was mustered into Co. B, 2nd Indiana Volunteer Infantry Regiment at New Albany, IN. He was mustered out 23 Jun 1847 at New Orleans. Pvt. Joseph R. Banks (b. 1823, Kentucky) was mustered into Co. A, 1st Indiana Volunteer Regiment at New Albany, Indiana, but died 4 Dec 1846 near Matamoras. Wesley Johnson Banks, (b. 1825, Kentucky) was a soldier in Co. A, 1st Indiana. He participated through two terms of enlistment and the close of the war. The service included a six-month march to California through the desert. He was mustered out in California . Pvt. Job Banks (b. abt 1827, Indiana) was mustered into the U.S. Mounted Rifleman on 20 Jun 1846 at New Albany, Indiana. He had enrolled at Brownstown, Indiana. He was discharged 8 Sep 1848 at Baton Rouge, Louisiana for disability. On 6 Jan 1848, Pvt. Hiram Banks was mustered in Co. K, 5th Indiana Infantry Rgt. at Madison, IN and died 1 May.

In January 1846, Rolla Banks (b. 1817, Shepherdstown, W. Virginia) enlisted in Co. B., 3rd Ohio Infantry. He was elected 2nd lieutenant. He was promoted 1st lieutenant on 28 Oct 1846. He was mustered out 20 Jun 1847.

Baylor Banks (prob. the one b. abt 1825, Missouri) was with the 2nd Missouri Mounted Volunteers. Augustine Banks listed as a soldier in Co. H, 1st Regiment Missouri Cavalry.

In Jan 1846, William Banks was enrolled in David C. Cady's Co., Texas Mounted Rangers. He was discharged 25 Jan 1846 on orders from Genl. [Winfield S.] Taylor. Pvt. Henry P. Banks (b. 1812, New York?) on 18 Jul 1846 was mustered into Co. K, 1st Rgt., Texas Mounted Riflemen, age 30. He was mustered out 2 Oct 1846. These men were recruited primarily in Wheelock, Texas. On 6 Mar 1847, Sgt. H. P. Banks entered Co. C, Michael H. Chevallie's Battalion, Texas Mounted Volunteers. He was demoted to private 8 Aug 1847 and was mustered out 30 Jun 1848. The men from this company were recruited primarily in Navarro & Limestone Cos., TX & in Clarksville.

The California Gold Rush
John Banks (b. 1818, Ireland) joined the Gold Rush in California. Also there -- but at Dry Creek in El Dorado Co. -- was John Overton Banks (b. 1811, Stafford Co., Virginia) whose gold findings were as skimpy as the water in Dry Creek. Wesley Johnson Banks (b. 1825, Kentucky) was mustered out of Mexican War service in California and tried mining there. He returned to Indiana via Panama and Cuba. Rolla Banks (b. 1817, Shepherdstown, West Virginia) came in a five-wagon train overland from Independence, Missouri to Sacramento, California. He mined at Hangtown (now Placerville), California, until 1851. Then he mined near Drytown in Amador Co. The party all returned to Coshocton Co., Ohio in 1853. Henry Pritchett Banks (b. 1818, Kentucky) in 1852 traveled with a group by ox-cart then by foot and spent about four months in vicinity of Mariposa, CA, working mostly as a carpenter. He was back in Missouri in 1853, returning by the sea route and through Panama.

The Volatile 1850s
In 1852, Thomas Baxter Banks (b. 1784, Virginia) sold his Arkansas mill and with his wife, Susannah, and two sons joined a wagon train of 102 wagons bound for Oregon Territory over the Oregon Trail. The descendants became the principal Banks settlers in Oregon.

Freshman Massachusetts U. S. Rep. Nathaniel Prentice Banks (b. 1816, Waltham, Massachusetts) resisted strong pressure from his Democratic party leaders and voted against The Kansas-Nebraska Act because it opened the door to slavery there.

In 1854-1855, Rep. Nathaniel Prentice Banks, one of the few members of the old Congress elected by the new Know-Nothing (American) party, became a key backstage promoter of fellow Know-Nothing, Sam Houston, former president of the Texas Republic, for the 1856 presidency. He dropped Houston in favor of explorer John Charles Fremont when Houston insisted on giving overly frank speeches. Banks is credited with "finding" Fremont, and he definitely was a key backer, advisor and promoter of the "Pathfinder," as the 1856 Republican nominee was called.

In the longest contest in U.S. history, Nathaniel Prentice Banks was elected speaker of the U. S. House of Representatives after three months of balloting. Several historians have described this event as the birth of the Republican party because northern men from disparate parties came together for the election. Almost all who voted for Banks ran as Republicans in the next election. As Speaker of the U. S. House of Representatives, Banks moved that body closer to a pro-northern position. He appointed an anti-slavery man as head of the Dist. of Columbia Committee for the first time, created a committee to investigate the caning of anti-slavery Senator Charles Sumner when the Senate refused, and was involved heavily in the investigation of pro-slavery activities in Kansas Territory where a civil war had broken out.

Nathaniel P. Banks was selected as the presidential nominee of the North American party. Many persons acting in the background helped engineer a successful effort to merge parts of the Know-Nothing movement into the Republican party. As part of the process, Banks declined the nomination in favor of John C. Fremont, the Republican nominee.

On June 6, 1857, Winston Banks (b. abt 1812, South Carolina). editor of the Texas Free Press at Quitman, Texas, found his newspaper had been suppressed, and he was driven away from his property and wife by an armed mob for allowing free discussion of slavery. Winston had wanted wheat growers to come to eastern Texas to reduce the slave-cotton influence in the state.

In 1857, Nathaniel P. Banks was elected to the first of three terms as Massachusetts governor.

In 1858, Absalom Banks (b. 1824, Wabash Co., Illinois) attended the Lincoln-Douglas debates in Illinois. These were held in various locations, and it is unclear where Absalom attended.

William Adam Banks (b. 1823, Madison Co., Virginia) was likely part of the Virginia militia units sent to Harpers Ferry in response to the 1859 attempted slave revolt headed by abolitionist John Brown. William may have been there for the execution of Brown. Banks's first cousin, General Robert Adam Banks (b,. 1806, Albemarle Co., Virginia), was in charge of the Virginia militia about this time, but this is uncertain.

In 1860, Governor Nathaniel Prentice Banks of Massachusetts was listed by the major newspapers as one of the leading Republican presidential candidates. He did assemble a team to promote his candidacy, and was visited by another candidate, Abraham Lincoln of Illinois, during Lincoln's northeastern tour. However, a split within the Massachusetts party and residence in a safe Republican state doomed Banks's chances.

Civil War, 1861
Almost all Banks families in some way participated in this war. Only a few will be listed individually, but evidence of any man participating in a particular battle will be added here. Unfortunately most records do not list such participation.
In spring 1861, Nathaniel Prentice Banks was appointed one of the few Union major generals by President Lincoln after being considered for quartermaster general based on Banks's unique equipping of the Massachusetts militia with modern weapons. Banks commanded in the rear in Annapolis and Baltimore, Maryland, cooperating -- through selective arrests -- in the Lincoln administration's desire to suppress any efforts by the Maryland legislature to vote for secession. When General Robert Patterson failed to prevent Stonewall Jackson's forces from leaving northwestern Virginia and going to the Battle of First Bull Run, Lincoln moved Banks to command the front lines there. His men were sent to back up the Union forces that suffered a defeat at Balls Bluff downriver on the Potomac late in 1861.

Civil War, 1862
Under the supervision of the Union commanding general, George McClellan, Major General Nathaniel P. Banks was in charge of two divisions that entered north central Virginia at the end of the winter in 1862. His forces defeated an attack at Kernstown by Stonewall Jackson, but the Confederates won a strategic victory by forcing the stationing of more troops in this area.

In spring 1862, Maj. General Nathaniel P. Banks was ordered to use his two divisions to follow Stonewall Jackson south up the Shenandoah Valley. It was a slow process hindered by supply line problems without any major fighting. Stonewall Jackson used the situation to send a successful raid to today's West Virginia. Lincoln meanwhile ordered Banks's men back to northern Virginia and split up his forces. Jackson next advanced undetected into Banks's flank area. At Front Royal , Virginia, Private Jesse Banks (b. abt 1825, MD) of the First Maryland Regiment (Union) was mortally wounded in the fighting there on May 23. Jackson's defeat of the First Maryland and movement into General Banks's rear then forced a rapid retreat northward where Jackson's larger army sent Banks's Union troops into orderly retreat to Maryland after a battle at Winchester . Though Banks's men partly followed Jackson's subsequent move back again to southern Virginia, the battles were all with Union forces other than Banks's sent to the area.

In June 1862, John Banks (b. 1806, Lancashire, England) died of a wound received in a conflict in Utah between Mormon Church members and the breakaway Morrisites. Banks had been a major leader in the Mormon Church and successful missionary before allying himself with the Morrisites. Although participants in the Mexican War, the Mormons did not take sides in the Civil War.

In summer 1862, Major General Nathaniel P. Banks was ordered to move his divisions toward central Virginia, and he was placed under the command of abrasive General John Pope. In early August, it was mostly Banks's men under Banks's direct orders who encountered Stonewall Jackson's attempted move to the northwest at the early August battle of Cedar Mountain . Though badly breaking Jackson's lines, the outnumbered and bloodied Union forces were forced to give up the positions to which they had advanced. Jackson decided to leave when he learned additional Union forces were still in the area and his night attack was unsuccessful.

On August 28, 1862, Confederate General Stonewall Jackson had swept into the rear of the Union forces under John Pope in northern Virginia, and there was a major collision that day at Groveton in which Private Ezekiel Madison Banks (b. 1840, Coweta Co., Georgia) of the 21st Georgia Regiment was wounded. The next day, Major General Nathaniel P. Banks, whose leg was badly bruised near Cedar Mountain, commanded rear forces supporting Pope's men at the more generalized battle at Second Bull Run . Though his aide had spotted Stonewall Jackson's earlier great flanking movement and Banks had ridden to alert Pope of this, the Banks forces were only called on to burn supplies during Pope's retreat after his defeat. Major Gardner Banks (b. 1830, Waltham, Massachusetts), the brother of General Banks, however, was a leader of the 16th Massachusetts Regiment during General Cuvier Grover's charge there at 2nd Bull Run that temporarily broke Jackson's lines at the railroad cut during this battle. The brother of the two Bankses, 2nd Lt. Hiram B. Banks (b. 1833, Waltham, Massachusetts) of the same 16th Regiment was killed in the fighting.

In fall, 1862, Major General Nathaniel P. Banks commanded the defenses of Washington, during which period President Lincoln commonly visited the headquarters. Banks provided Lincoln with a new evaluation of Confederate troop strength that was far more accurate than that being advocated by Union commander McClellan. Lincoln soon selected Banks to lead a secret expedition to New Orleans, Louisiana, to replace General Butler and to lead a force upriver in coordination with General Grant already upriver along the Mississippi River.

In September 1862, Pvt. Joseph H. W. Banks (b, abt 1835, probably Rutherford Co., Tennessee of Co. G, 23, Tenn. Confederate Infantry) was killed at the Battle of Perryville, Kentucky. On 6 September 1862, Pvt. Stephen Banks (b, abt 1829, Illinois, Co. C, 48th Illinois Infantry) was killed in the Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee

Civil War, 1863
Finding the Confederate defenses at Port Hudson, Louisiana, on the Mississippi River too difficult, Union Major Genl. Nathaniel P. Banks only provided a diversion march to that area from Baton Rouge to help Admiral Farragut pass the river defenses. He then led a march into central Louisiana, pushing back, but not capturing, the Confederates there. Communication with Union General Ulysses Grant upriver broke down, but when re-established, Banks ordered Port Hudson, Louisiana, enveloped from two directions. He then began the longest siege in U.S. history, characterized by several high-casualty assaults before the final surrender of the Confederate garrison.

After the opening of the Mississippi River, Union Major General Nathaniel P. Banks met twice with Union Major General Ulysses Grant and authorized a sea operation to Sabine Pass in Texas. He did not accompany this, and the operation failed to open the pass.

Sergeant George Lovell Banks (b. 1839, Lake Co., Indiana) later awarded Congressional Medal of Honor for carrying the first flag of his brigade to the summit of Missionary Ridge near Chattanooga, Tennessee, in the battle there November 1863 -- though wounded.

In late 1863, Union Major General Nathaniel P. Banks personally led a sea expedition from New Orleans that resulted in the capture of Brownsville in the southern tip of Texas and most outer islands. This operation was ordered by President Lincoln to dissuade the French in Mexico from moving into Texas.

Civil War, 1864
In the first months of 1864, Union Major General Nathaniel P. Banks engineered an election of loyalists in southern Louisiana in which a moderate state government was then inaugurated. Banks arranged a massive celebration using federal government resources.

In March to April, 1864, Union Major General Nathaniel P. Banks led a second expedition to central Louisiana with the intent of capturing Shreveport in northwestern Louisiana. Hampered by falling river water, bickering by various commanders, and a reverse suffered near Mansfield , the expedition was forced to return to the Mississippi River. The war department removed Banks from a field command though he still commanded at New Orleans.

Civil War, 1865
In early 1865, President Lincoln had Union General Nathaniel P. Banks stay in Washington to lobby Congress for the president's Reconstruction designs for Louisiana. This program was the subject of the president's last public speech prior to his assassination and probably the major agenda item for Congress in that session. Banks likely attended the swearing-in of Lincoln for his second term, and he and Admiral Farragut for sure led the dance at the inaugural ball.

Reconstruction, 1865-1872
Edmund Palmer Banks (b. abt 1831, Maryland) is said to have helped build the scaffolds used in the execution of the supposed Lincoln conspirators.

Robert Tunstall Banks (b. 1822, Virginia) was elected mayor of Baltimore, Maryland, as a Democrat in 1867.

Esreff H. Banks (b. 1821, Buxton, Maine) was one of the Maine presidential electors for the Republican Ulysses Grant ticket in 1868 when the electoral college voted. He attended the 1869 swearing-in of the new president.

As head of the House of Representatives' Foreign Relations Committee, U. S. Rep. Nathaniel P. Banks was a key figure in obtaining congressional approval for the money needed to purchase Alaska. The rest of the Republican leadership in the House were all opposed to paying for this purchase. Banks was considered one of the most influential members of Congress in the early years of Reconstruction. He was also a member of the committee investigatng the Credit Mobilier scandal that involved some of the men he worked with in New Orleans.

In the 1872 presidential election, U. S Representative Nathaniel P. Banks was one of the key supporters and itinerant speakers for the candidacy of Horace Greeley (Liberal Republican-Democrat) who failed to stop Ulysses S. Grant's re-election.

In the so-called Whiskey Frauds scandals of the 1870s, it was likely that Gardner Banks (b. 1830, Waltham, Massachusetts), brother of Genl. Nathaniel P. Banks, would have been swept up in this affair and probably convicted of defrauding the government if he had not died. Gardner had been a whiskey gauger at New Orleans, and correspondence is very suggestive that he was not collecting all the fees during his tenure. Banks's successor was convicted and imprisoned.

Late 1800s
U.S. Rep. Nathaniel P. Banks was a member of the committee that investigated voting fraud in South Carolina in the 1876 presidential election won by Republican Rutherford B. Hayes (after Congress decided which southern votes to accept)

On 3 Jan 1877, Esreff H. Banks (b. 1821, Buxton, Maine) was elected state treasurer by the Maine legislature.

In the late 1870s, Joseph Fremont Banks (b. 1855, Waltham, Massachusetts) was one of those involved in the completion of the Sutro Tunnel, the first underground access to the remainder of the Comstock Lode (silver) at Virginia City, Nevada.

Retired U.S. Rep. Nathaniel P. Banks was a presidential elector for Republican Benjamin Harrison in that president's unsuccessful 1892 bid for re-election.

Rev. Louis Albert Banks (b. 1855, Corvallis, Oregon), prominent Prohibitionist lecturer, was an unsuccessful candidate for governor of Massachusetts in 1893 on the Prohibition ticket.

Robert Bruce Banks (b. 1858, Pennsylvania or Ohio) was one of those moving to Alaska to try to make a fortune in the Gold Rush of the 1890s. Like most everyone else, he was unsuccessful, and he also soon died.

Early 1900s
William Kuhl Banks
(b. 1885, Missouri) attended the so-called Scopes Monkey Trial in Dayton, Tennessee, in 1925 that tested a state law forbidding the teaching of evolution.

World War II
Layton Thomas Banks (b. 1921, Manchester, Tennessee) died 7 Dec 1941 when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. His body in entombed on the sunken U.S.S. Oklahoma.

Lawrence W. Banks (b. abt 1915, Penobscot Co., Maine) was killed during the D-Day Invasion in Normandy, France, on June 6, 1944. A week later Sgt. Travis E. Banks (b. 1914, Franklin Co., Texas) was killed in Normandy operations.

Sgt. Raymond B. Banks (b. 1917, Wood Co., Texas) died 17 Jul 1944 on the Anzio beachhead in Italy.

Lester Duer Banks (b. 1907, Missouri) participated in the Battle of the Bulge, Dec 1944.

The New York Times described Frank Arthur Banks (b. 1883, Saco, Maine) as the "father of Grand Coulee Dam" because he supervised the dam's construction and early operation beginning in 1933.

Seth Wilson Banks (b. 1915, Gibson Co., Tennessee) was the men's costumer for multiple tv shows and for more than 76 motion pictures, including To Kill a Mockingbird, Butterflies Are Free, Funny Girl, The Sunshine Boys, 9 to 5. He worked most frequently with actor Gregory Peck.

(John) Aubrey Banks (b. 1926, Chicago, Illinois) was an apprentice under architect Frank Lloyd Wright. He was a member of Taliesen Architects and faculty of the Frank Lloyd Wright School of Architecture for 30 yrs.

Ernie Banks (b. 1931, Dallas, Texas) won the Most Valuable Player award of the National League (baseball) in 1958 and 1959. He played in more games for the Chicago Cubs than any other Cubs player in the franchise's history.

Contemporary Times
Russell Banks (b. 1940, Newton, Massachusetts) was 1985 recipient of the John Dos Passos Prize for fiction. He has been a profilic fiction writer, and several of his novels (Affliction, Sweet Hereafter) were adapted into well-received movies. In 2007 his screenplay for the best seller, Cloudsplitter, was being turned into a movie directed by Martin Scorcese. He also wrote the screenplay for Jack Kerouac's On the Road which was being considered by Francis Ford Coppola for production.

Watch the video: Blood on the Bayous L6T1: Nathaniel P. Banks (November 2022).

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