The Mayans

The Mayans

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The earliest of the major Meso-American civilizations was the Olmec culture, which is often regarded as the fostering influence behind the Mayan, Aztec, and other later societies. and are remembered for constructing massive earthen mounds, sculpting giant basalt heads, and building large and prosperous cities that existed for hundreds of years.As the Olmec declined, the Mayans rose to prominence. 1000.Settlement was extensive in the Yucatán Peninsula and stretched southward into Central America. Fortified residential areas were often surrounded by meticulously cultivated farmlands.Mayan contributions were many. However, many of their carvings on stone have survived and provide much of what is known today about their civilization.The Mayans also were gifted mathematicians who independently developed the concept of zero, and astronomers who deduced that a solar year was slightly more than 365 days. Despite these achievements, the Mayans and other Meso-American cultures failed to discover the utility of the wheel.The decline of Mayan civilization was well under way by 1100 B.C. Nobles mutilated themselves and their blood flowed onto fabric, which was burned as an offering.As time passed, those gifts were deemed insufficient and human sacrifice became commonplace. Most of those so dispatched were captives from battles, but others were Mayan volunteers seeking to placate the gods.By the time of the Spanish arrival around A.D. Their great cities were abandoned and the remnants of their population widely scattered.

Watch the video: Geheimnisvolle Maya Söhne der Sonne. Ganze Folge Terra X (September 2022).

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