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Château d’Airvault

Château d’Airvault


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The Château d’Airvault is a medieval castle situated
in the French commune of Airvault in the département of Deux-Sèvres and
the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It is considered to be
“one of the rare remaining specimens of military architecture of the 11th
century”.

Airvault includes the listed monuments of the
Saint-Pierre Abbey and church. The town is dominated by the castle built on a
hill. In the Middle Ages, this strategic position made it an important part of
the powerful defensive system of the town. The castle was constructed on an earlier castrum. It was besieged and conquered in 1207 by Philip II of France.

The remains of the former castle were inscribed as a monument
historique
on 3 October 1929 and classified on 4 September 2007 for the
enceinte and its towers, the remains of the barbican and the grounds.

The Château d’Airvault is considered by the historian Henri
Bodin as “one of the rare remaining specimens of military architecture of
the 11th century”. From this time, there remains the enceinte with its two
uncrowned towers and its keep whose well-preserved silhouette marks the urban
landscape. The 14th- and 15th-century buildings inside the enceinte
replaced in the original buildings.

According to Bodin, the castle was built on the site of the
former Gallic oppidum and the builders of the castle were inspired by the
square towers of this old oppidum and the way to put them on the ramparts. It is
this peculiarity of construction which makes it possible to date the castle of
Airvault at least to the 11th century.

The castle has an enceinte whose crenellation was leveled in the
1940s. Two quadrangular towers added obliquely to the corners of the enceinte
on the ramparts are dated to the 13th or 14th century. The rectangular châtelet, defended by a bretèche and hoardings, is pierced by a door with a portcullis
and murder hole giving access to the court.

The main dwelling of the 15th century is located along the west
curtain wall. Among the outbuildings are the prison with its two vaulted cells
lit by an arrowslit and a stable.


From the twelfth to fourteenth centuries, the site of the château was located within the parish of La Motte and was a fortified stronghold. [1] Henri de Husson received the land as concession from Jeanne "La Voyère d'Aron" in 1394. [2] The Husson family, seigneurs (lords) of Montgiroux around 1406, gave their name to the château de la Motte-Husson or Husson Castle. [3]

The Baglion de la Dufferie family [4] (a French branch of the Baglioni family of Perugia) [5] acquired the estate in 1600. [3] The castle was rebuilt in the enclosure of the old square moat. It consisted of a kitchen, cellar, 4 or 5 bedrooms per top, attic above, a chapel, a portal where there is a drawbridge, a bedroom on the said portal, a dovecote, on the whole, covered with slates, behind a small courtyard, ditches and moats around the courtyards, a kennel near the gate. [6] In 1824, land records show the structures, referred to as “La Motte Château”, still being intact, with the moat surrounding the fort.

The current façade is reflective of the efforts of Countess Louise-Dorothée de Baglion de la Dufferie (1826–1902), who told her husband that she wanted a grand residence built on the site of the fort. [1] The new structure would be flanked by two large towers, known as 'pepper shakers', and with a double-ramped staircase, five floors and 47 rooms [7] with separate private suites for Master and Lady, with servant quarters on the second floor and attic space. The château is surrounded by the old square moat, with a walled garden, [8] stable-block, [9] an orangery, [8] and 12 acres of parkland. The original plans and invoices for the building still exist and are on display within the château adjusting for inflation, the original build was around £1m.

Countess Louise-Dorothée de Baglion de la Dufferie's main residence was near Nantes, [3] a hundred miles to the south west, and the family decided to spend winters in the milder maritime climate, with the château serving as a summer retreat for the family. [10] It had been passed down through generations of the Baglion family. Latterly, Guy de Baglion de la Dufferie had received the title to it in 1954 from Xavier Marie Octave, Count de Baglion de la Dufferie and his wife, Elisabeth Marie Joseph Marthe Charlotte Treton de Vaujuas de Langan, as a part of a dowry. At his death in 1999, it passed to his wife and children. [3] The château remained unoccupied for nearly 40 years when it was put up for sale in 2015. [11]

In 2015, the estate was sold by the Baglion de la Dufferie family to British television presenter Dick Strawbridge and his partner Angela for £280,000. [7] At the time of sale, the château had no basic electricity, sewerage and heating. [12] Over the past five years, the couple, along with their children and Angela's parents, have restored the property and the outlying buildings with the help of friends, family and numerous fans of the show who have paid up to £75 a head to help with renovations. [7] A television series called Escape to the Chateau broadcast on the British channel Channel 4 is devoted to the renovation, reuse, and upgrading of the château into a home and family business. [1]

Legend has it that the region's last wolf was shot from a window of the Château. [13] For many years a stuffed wolf sat at the top of the staircase. It was removed before the sale of the Château, and its current location is unclear. In 2015, Angel secretly designed and ordered a new replica taxidermy-like wolf as wedding gift for her husband that would add to the character of the chateau and bring that tale to life. It has pride of place on the landing at the top of the stairs. [13]


Château

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Château, in France, during the 13th and 14th centuries, a castle, or structure arranged for defense rather than for residence. Later the term came to designate any seignorial residence and so, generally, a country house of any pretensions.

Originally, châteaus functioned as feudal communities but with the rise of secular prosperity in the 14th century, the restrictive manorial system relaxed, giving rise to the spacious yet still-fortified private residence of the nobility. These compounds, or château-forts, were usually placed on hills in a commanding position above river valleys. Walls were thick, windows were small, and parapets were often crenellated to resist attack. Architectural forms were freely borrowed from medieval bastions. A representative example of this type of fortified château is the Château de Pierrefonds (1390–1400). Eight monumental towers, machicolations (i.e., openings from which missiles could be hurled or shot at attackers below), and battlemented walls surround a courtyard the walls of which are 20 feet (7 metres) thick. The château sits on a rocky cliff overlooking the village and can be approached only by a drawbridge that spans a moat.

The 15th century brought the beginning of a change in the methods of warfare, a decline in the feudal system, and the consequent rise of a social order in which luxuriant country houses rather than fortified castles filled the residence requirements of the nobility. The Château d’Amboise (15th century), Château de Blois (begun in the 13th century), Château de Chambord (1519–47), Château d’Azay-le-Rideau (1518–27), and Château de Chenonceaux (1515–23) may be taken as typical examples of the châteaux de plaisance (country houses) of the transition period, all retaining some of the characteristics of the medieval castle.

At Chambord, for example, the semifortified plan places the main house within a rectangular enclosure protected by a moat. The main inner building, the donjon, is the equivalent of the keep in a medieval English castle. Angle towers with conical roofs, pilasters, supporting classical parapets, and steeply pitched roofs with dormers combine to create a potpourri of architectural motifs. These distinctive and fantastic elements produce, at Chambord, the most famous château in the Loire River district and one that can be placed somewhere between fortified Gothic castle, Renaissance palace, and fairyland.

By the 17th century the need for semifortified châteaus had virtually vanished. In their place were built elegant, refined country villas such as the Château of Maisons (now Maisons-Laffitte) by François Mansart, which was designed, for the most part, by 1642. See also castle.

This article was most recently revised and updated by Chelsey Parrott-Sheffer, Research Editor.


Howard Hughes Exhibited Lots of Inappropriate Behavior

Erwin Brettauer, the third owner of the Chateau Marmont, instilled a policy of openness and tolerance, stemming from his firsthand experience seeing the rise of anti-Semitism in his native Germany during World War II. But according to Levy, Howard Hughes wasn't on board. He writes: "[Hughes] was so averse to interacting with the hotel's black employees that he would go to rigorous lengths to avoid any contact with them, parking his car out on the street when a black parking valet was on duty in the garage and climbing the stairs to the penthouse rather than share close quarters with the black elevator operator." It was the beginning of the business magnate and director's descent into mental illness. He also had a habit of using his penthouse view to spy on girls sunbathing in the pool with binoculars.


On January 1, 1973, two formerly independent municipalities ( Borcq-sur-Airvault and Soulièvres ) merged with Airvault The last two figures include the population of the two municipalities.

year 1800 1851 1901 1954 1999 2013
Residents 2,068 1,942 1,680 1,903 3,097 3,048


Grange de Moulin de Chatillon

The barn has been lovingly renovated and is shared with the owner''s old mill residence, dating back to Napoleonic times. The Granged is situated in 2.5 acres of landscaped gardens (private land), the River Thouaret flows freely at the bottom of the garden where carp, tench, catfish and other fish can be caught. The Grange has a 6x 12m heated swimming pool. Swings for the children, table tennis (full size), slate-based snooker table, darts and indoor games are all also available on site. The Grange offers a perfect ‘chill-out’ holiday in tranquil surroundings all year round. We are ‘Gîtes de France’ approved and are proud to say that we have been classified 4-star!

15/01/2018
Gîte Moulin de Chatillon

Another booking taken for this summer !!

21/11/2017

The barn was rented this weekend to a family celebrating an 80th birthday !

23/06/2017

Really pleased you and the family enjoyed your stay Anita!
Hope we might see you again in the future.

Fabulous time at the Grange - and the heated pool was a complete hit!

07/05/2017

For the best of locally produced food to enjoy on our terrace or when you head out for a picnic, we recommend you go along to one of the nearby village Markets. There just might be some entertainment too.

06/05/2017

Picnicking in France is a favourite past-time. You will see picnic tables in all kinds of interesting places as you travel around the villages. if you follow signs to a Plan d'eau or a Base de Loisirs you will certainly find a charming place to stop and enjoy your baguette.

05/05/2017
Fête de la musique

21st June is the International Music Day and here in France it's a big deal! Many towns hold a free music event to celebrate this historic festival. http://traduction.culturecommunication.gouv.fr/url/Result.aspx?to=en&url=http%3A%2F%2Ffetedelamusique.culturecommunication.gouv.fr

La Fête de la Musique aura lieu le 21 juin 2016

04/05/2017
Tous les vignerons du vignoble Saumurois et ses alentours

Are you a wine buff? You probably don't need to be an expert to enjoy a visit to a local producer to try the wine. you might just get a bargain to take home with you. This site lists some local producers within an hour of Le Moulin. http://www.vins-de-saumur.com/visiter/caves-domaines

Toutes les informations sur tous les vignerons de Saumur et ses alentours.

03/05/2017

For keen bird-watchers, you really would enjoy a visit to Lac Cebron. With their own observatory you can discover the variety of birds in the region. particularly if you coincide your visit with one of the events hosted by the Ornithological Group of Deux-Sèvres (you may need a decent understanding of the language).

03/05/2017
FLIP (Parthenay Festival)

Although there is plenty to keep the entire family entertained at Le Moulin, coinciding your family holiday with the FLIP festival in Parthenay guarantees an abundance of things to do. Festival Ludique International de Parthenay is a games festival held for 12 days in July (12th-23rd) throughout the streets and squares of the town centre. Most of the events are free. Take a look.

02/05/2017

We really are being treated to a beautiful spring here at Le Moulin, and the surrounding area.

02/05/2017

02/05/2017

So how was your Bank Holiday weekend? If it's any consolation, the weather hasn't been too kind in France either. but the good news is, even if the weather takes a turn for the worse, there are plenty of things to keep you busy at Le Moulin. a Slate-based snooker table in lounge area of the Barn, Full size Table Tennis Table, Darts. plus a Library and indoor games.

27/04/2017

Grange de Moulin de Chatillon

Wow - we love it when people give us good reviews. Thank you Adele Hawkins and Harry Davis for taking the time to write your Facebook reviews. We are so glad you enjoyed your stay and look forward to seeing you again !

27/04/2017

Wow - we love it when people give us good reviews. Thank you Adele Hawkins and Harry Davis for taking the time to write your Facebook reviews. We are so glad you enjoyed your stay and look forward to seeing you again !

15/04/2017

Easter isn't just about chocolate, so we wish you a Happy Easter with a cute chick theme.

14/04/2017

Wishing you all a very Happy Easter

03/04/2017

Festival Terri'Thouars Blues

Samedi 01/04, grosse journée avec pour commencer dès 13h, une bonne gamelle et de l'excellent blues distillé par Swamp Duo à l'Hotellerie St Jean - Pour le café direction le Bar La Diligence où là c'est Free Wheelin qui vous emmènera dans les collines du Mississippi sur les coups de 15h et pour terminer cette ballade dans Thouars rien de mieux que de passer par Le Foyer Laïque ou vous attendront les Do The Dirt. Une belle ballade sous, on l'espère, des cieux cléments. Tout cela avant la deuxième soirée au Théâtre. mais on en reparlera.
Réservations au 06 82 15 35 19 - Billeterie ouverte tous les jours de 14h à 18h au Théâtre.

03/04/2017

Grange de Moulin de Chatillon

If you're a film buff, you don't have to miss out on films when you come to stay at the Grange. Bressuire and Parthenay both have cinemas which show English films. Just look for the letters VO - that means the film is shown in it's original version. Cinéma Le Fauteuil Rouge Bressuire Cinéma Le Foyer de Parthenay

03/04/2017
Grange de Moulin de Chatillon

Grange de Moulin de Chatillon

If you have an interest in history, a visit to the Centre Régional "Résistance & Liberté at Thouars should most certainly be on the agenda. Combine it with Thouars market day (Tuesday/Friday) and you can bring back some local produce to enjoy on the terrace, overlooking the river. Centre Régional "Résistance & Liberté"

03/04/2017

Cannot wait to be back here next week !!

02/04/2017

If you have an interest in history, a visit to the Centre Régional "Résistance & Liberté at Thouars should most certainly be on the agenda. Combine it with Thouars market day (Tuesday/Friday) and you can bring back some local produce to enjoy on the terrace, overlooking the river. Centre Régional "Résistance & Liberté"

01/04/2017

Need a break. Some quality time with family or friends? Then a stay at The Grange is just what you need. http://www.moulin-de-chatillon.com/uk/index.php

31/03/2017

If you're a film buff, you don't have to miss out on films when you come to stay at the Grange. Bressuire and Parthenay both have cinemas which show English films. Just look for the letters VO - that means the film is shown in it's original version. Cinéma Le Fauteuil Rouge Bressuire Cinéma Le Foyer de Parthenay

30/03/2017

30/03/2017
FLIP - Festival Ludique International de Parthenay

FLIP - Festival Ludique International de Parthenay

30/03/2017
FLIP - Festival Ludique International de Parthenay

A main event in Parthenay particularly for children is the FLIP (Festival Ludique International Parthenay). It's a games festival held for 12 days in early July throughout the streets and squares of the town centre. There are activities around every street corner, and most is free! This year it will be held on 12-23 July. http://www.jeux-festival.com

29/03/2017
Grange de Moulin de Chatillon

Grange de Moulin de Chatillon

Have you visited Parthenay? Less than half an hour from us, it has something for everyone. The medieval quarter is a 'must see'. This interesting article reveals much about the town, written by an ex-pat now living in Parthenay who writes. "To me, Parthenay feels like a refuge in the gathering storm. Here, I am learning to unwind the knots of my past, to embrace peace in all ways. I am reminded of Tolkien’s House of Elrond that welcomed exhausted adventurers and provided a space where they could regather their energy and inspiration."
Be inspired. visit Parthenay.
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/the-parthenay-effect-how-a-small-french-town-might_us_58d810c8e4b0c0980ac0e73f

29/03/2017

What would be your choice?
Eating out in France doesn't have to be expensive. all restaurants offer a Menu du Jour (menu of the day) - a great way to experience rural French cuisine.

29/03/2017

If you like Jazz & Blues. this is the festival for you.

Samedi 01/04, grosse journée avec pour commencer dès 13h, une bonne gamelle et de l'excellent blues distillé par Swamp Duo à l'Hotellerie St Jean - Pour le café direction le Bar La Diligence où là c'est Free Wheelin qui vous emmènera dans les collines du Mississippi sur les coups de 15h et pour terminer cette ballade dans Thouars rien de mieux que de passer par Le Foyer Laïque ou vous attendront les Do The Dirt. Une belle ballade sous, on l'espère, des cieux cléments. Tout cela avant la deuxième soirée au Théâtre. mais on en reparlera.
Réservations au 06 82 15 35 19 - Billeterie ouverte tous les jours de 14h à 18h au Théâtre.

29/03/2017
The Parthenay Effect: How a Small French Town Might Save Civilization

Have you visited Parthenay? Less than half an hour from us, it has something for everyone. The medieval quarter is a 'must see'. This interesting article reveals much about the town, written by an ex-pat now living in Parthenay who writes. "To me, Parthenay feels like a refuge in the gathering storm. Here, I am learning to unwind the knots of my past, to embrace peace in all ways. I am reminded of Tolkien’s House of Elrond that welcomed exhausted adventurers and provided a space where they could regather their energy and inspiration."
Be inspired. visit Parthenay.
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/the-parthenay-effect-how-a-small-french-town-might_us_58d810c8e4b0c0980ac0e73f

Last Spring, I moved to Parthenay, a town that, at 11,000 inhabitants, is little more than a village. It is understandable if you have never heard of it.

03/01/2017
Grange De Moulin De Chatillon 4* Gite Deux Sevre - Holiday Rental in Boussais - TripAdvisor

4 Bedrooms, 5 bathrooms at £900 per week, holiday rental in Boussais with 7 reviews on TripAdvisor

06/09/2016

29/08/2016
29/03/2016

Saturday 16th July- Saturday 23rd July
Saturday 6th August - Saturday 13th August
Saturday 27th August - Saturday 3rd September


"We really felt like Lords, Ladies and Knights. Your castle is truly magical as was our experience here." Rosemary, jeff, Meranda, Jacob and Thomas Venos

"Magnificent chateau, beautiful rooms and a delicious breakfast. What more could we want!" Audrey and Simon Bate

"Thank you for those amazing 2 nights. We loved the castle! Its the most amazing place we ever stayed in!" Jacqueline, Jim and Callie Keegan


History

Chateau Diana Winery was founded in 1981, but its beginnings were crafted along a career path that would take Tom Manning, and later, his young family on a coast-to-coast journey.

Tom was orphaned as a child and raised by his aunt. Though he never finished high school, he was a hard worker from the age of 14. Sales seemed to come naturally to Tom and he moved through the sales ranks of various companies. Eventually, he found a natural fit within the wine industry.

With his young wife Diane and his expanding family, Tom lived in various states, eventually settling in beautiful Northern California. Residing first in San Francisco, Tom was lucky to be involved in the early days of a rapidly growing wine retailing group, Trader Joe’s. The owner personally selected Tom to develop Negociant Wine Brands.

With the rapid sales and success that Tom enjoyed, he seized the opportunity to open his own winery facility in 1981. Affectionately named after his wife, Chateau Diana was born in Healdsburg, CA. Craig, their eldest son, joined Tom and Diane in this exciting venture. Over the next two years, the Mannings developed new wines within the Chateau Diana brand while also looking for a more permanent home for their winery.

In 1983, a dream was realized with the purchase of the LeBaron Ranch encompassing 60 acres in the Dry Creek Valley. 30 years later, the Manning family honors the LeBarons’ legacy of maintaining a family-owned winery. The business continued to grow with a sales office in Southern California, which their daughter Dawn runs herself. In 1991, their other son Corey joined his sister in the family business.

The period between 1999 and 2001 held many changes for Chateau Diana and the Manning family, saddest of which was the unexpected loss of winemaker, Craig Manning. The continued growth of the business within this family struggle, including necessary expansions to the winery facility, was shouldered by Dawn, Corey, and Craig’s wife, Donna. Their dedication and commitment to hard work is a deep family conviction and is key to the accomplishments at Chateau Diana. When walking the grounds of Chateau Diana, you can feel the love and care Craig Manning put into the winery before his passing. He is gone but never forgotten.


Le château d'Airvault a été construit sur un ancien castrum

Le château fut assiégé et conquis en 1207 par Philippe Auguste.

Le 22 septembre 1565 , Jean Ysoré, baron d’Airvault eut l’honneur d’accueillir Charles IX et le petit prince de Navarre (futur roi Henri IV).

Le 3 octobre 1569 , après la bataille de Moncontour qui vit la victoire du duc d’Anjou (le futur Henri III), Gaspard de Coligny qui commandait les calvinistes battus ordonna de mettre le feu au château pour se venger de René Ysoré (fils de Jean Ysoré) qui avait contribué à sa défaite. Incendié, le château fut abandonné par ses seigneurs.

Les vestiges de l'ancien château ont été inscrits monument historique le 3 octobre 1929 puis classés le 24 septembre 2007 pour ce qui est de l'enceinte et de ses tours, des vestiges de la barbacane et des sols [ 1 ] .

Le château d'Airvault est considéré par l’historien Henri Bodin comme « un des rares spécimens qui reste de l’architecture militaire du XI e siècle » . De cette époque demeure l’enceinte avec ses deux tours découronnées et son donjon dont la silhouette bien conservée marque le paysage urbain.

Les bâtiments à l’intérieur de l’enceinte ont remplacé aux XIV e et XV e siècles les constructions d’origine.

Selon Henri Bodin, le château a été construit sur l’emplacement de l’ancien oppidum gaulois et les bâtisseurs du château se sont inspirés des tours carrées de cet ancien oppidum et de la façon de les poser sur les remparts. C’est cette particularité de construction qui permet de dater le château d’Airvault à minima du XI e siècle (Certains pensent qu’il serait antérieur au début de la construction de l’église).

Le château comporte une enceinte dont le crénelage a été arasé dans les années 1940. Deux tours quadrangulaires rajoutée en biais aux angles de l'enceinte sur le rempart sont datées du XIII e ou XIV e siècle. Le châtelet rectangulaire, défendu par une bretèche et des hourds, est percé d'une porte à herse et assommoir donnant accès à la cour.

Le logis principal du XV e siècle est situé le long de la courtine ouest. Parmi les dépendances subsistent la prison avec ses deux cellules voûtées et éclairées par une meurtrière et une écurie [ 1 ] .


Den 1. januar 1973 fusionerede to tidligere uafhængige kommuner ( Borcq-sur-Airvault og Soulièvres ) med Airvault De sidste to tal inkluderer befolkningen i de to kommuner.

år 1800 1851 1901 1954 1999 2013
Beboere 2,068 1.942 1.680 1.903 3.097 3.048


Watch the video: Des Beaux Villages Français. Airvault Les Deux-Sèvres (October 2022).

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