The Hidden Story of Poland: What Happened to the Forgotten Kingdom of Lechia?

The Hidden Story of Poland: What Happened to the Forgotten Kingdom of Lechia?

We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

The history of Poland has been misunderstood for decades. Even now, many official texts say that Poland comes from the tribe called Polanie. And according to the stories written by Christian writers, that was the first kingdom formed in these lands. However, the truth is very different.

There is a marble plaquette in the Museo del Lapirdario di Urbino in Italy with an inscription saying “Cavillio Lescho Ti Claudius Buccio Columbiara IIII OLL VIII Se Vivo a Solo Ad Fastigium Mancipio Dedit.” That means “a dedication from Tiberius Claudius to Avillo Leszko, the ruler of Kingdom of Lechia.” Tiberius offered the other ruler a grave for funerary urns, which Avillo Leszko received while he was still alive. It was a very expensive gift, showing the importance of the ruler from the lands of modern day Poland.

This inscription means that the Roman Empire had connections with the Kingdom of Lechia. Moreover, its forgotten king was acknowledged by a Roman emperor. The story about the kingdom was well known for centuries, but it doesn't appear in history books at school. Officially, the story of Poland starts in 966, with Mieszko I and his tribe called Polanie. Regarding the history of Poland, authors usually start with stories about tribes that lived in the area, but later they explain that the first ruler was Mieszko I, who lived during the 10th century.

Imaginary portrait of Mieszko I by Jan Matejko. ( Public Domain )

Searching Documents for Forgotten Kings

The Kingdom of Lechia had kings who are completely ignored in most of the books about Poland. However, the existence of the kingdom is confirmed by maps created by ancient historians and cartographers. The first known map which shows this kingdom comes from c. 700 BC, and it appears on maps until 887 AD.

  • Polish Pyramids: Ruins of Megalithic Tombs from the Time of Stonehenge Discovered in Poland
  • Following the Magical Journey to Poland by John Dee and Edward Kelley
  • Hidden hoard of more than 6,000 silver coins found in forest in Poland

Moreover, many ancient and early medieval texts mention Lechia. Even the classical first book of Poland, a chronicle written by a man known as Gall Anonim, mentioned the existence of this kingdom. These written resources seem to be reputable because 13 of 23 existing medieval chronicles of Poland discuss the Kingdom of Lechia.

For example, stories about Lechia appear in the resources by many famous writers like Wincenty Kadłubek (13th century), Jan Długosz (15th century), Karcin Kromer (16th century), and Benedykt Chmielowski (18th century). The oldest chronicle comes from the c. 4th - 8th century and was written by Wojnan.

Monument to Gall Anonim, Wrocław, Poland. (Bonio/ CC BY SA 3.0 )

The people who created the Kingdom of Lechia must have been very well trained warriors because their lands were unconquered – but not for the lack of trying by some strong armies. It is known that the Greeks, Persians, Romans, Byzantines, and Franks all tried to conquer the lands near the Vistula River. However, none of them were able to do it. Moreover, complex DNA tests made on the remains of ancient Slavic people proved that they dominated the area of the Kingdom of Lechia at least 7,000 years ago.

Stories about the Kingdom of Lechia are also well known in Roman, Ottoman, and Balkan writings. However, for some unknown reason, Polish researchers have generally said that the Kingdom of Lechia is nothing more than a legend or fairy tale.

Illustration from the Chronica Polonorum depicting ‘Lech’ the legendary founder of Lechia (Poland).

It is possible that the reasons behind this can be found in the end of the 18th and the 19th centuries, when Poland didn't exist as an independent country. After the Partitions of Poland in 1772, 1793, and 1795, the territory of Poland was split between Germany, Russia, and Austria. While the Austrians didn't try to influence the history of their new land, Germans and Russians wanted to destroy patriotism and the will of the Polish people to fight back. Therefore, they may have decided to do away with the information related to Pre-Christian times in Poland.

  • Archaeologists unearth Vampire burial in Poland
  • Family Discovers a Collection of Rare Bronze Age Artifacts in Poland
  • The Forgotten Celtic History of Ancient Poland

Allegory of the 1st partition of Poland, showing Catherine the Great of Russia (left), Joseph II of Austria and Frederick the Great of Prussia (right) quarrelling over their territories.

They could have hoped that Polish society would be easier to manipulate if the people believed that their only support must come from religion - because their nation “did not mean anything” before it. Of course, the countries wouldn’t have done this work in collaboration, but if they did plan it, their goal was successfully accomplished.

Unfortunately, most historians didn't change try to change this belief in later years. However, an author who wrote books about the Kingdom of Lechia, Janusz Bieszk, did attempt to remind Polish people of their roots. Yet, his works were criticized by some old fashioned historians - suggesting that it may be a long time before these facts are finally accepted.

Lost Connections to the Kingdom

The Kingdom of Lechia had very good connections with other kingdoms. As mentioned, they were respected by the Roman Empire; but they also were acknowledged by the Scythians or the people of Anatolia. The people in the kingdom were called Lechici, and in Ottoman writings they appear as a tribe which lived on the land of ''Lechistan.''

Book cover of ‘ Słowiańscy królowie Lechi’ by Janusz Bieszk. ( skribh)

Regrettably, countless artifacts related to the Kingdom of Lechia were replaced with newer constructions over the years. Many facts about the ancient kingdom still await rediscovery, but the impact of their politics on neighboring kingdoms is well known.

If historians would officially accept the existence of the Kingdom of Lechia, they would also have to agree that most of the pre-Christian sites in Poland probably belonged to these people. This would provide a new opening in research about the earliest history of Poland.

Occupation of Poland (1939–1945)

The occupation of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union during World War II (1939–1945) began with the German-Soviet invasion of Poland in September 1939, and it was formally concluded with the defeat of Germany by the Allies in May 1945. Throughout the entire course of the occupation, the territory of Poland was divided between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union (USSR) both of which intended to eradicate Poland's culture and subjugate its people. [1] In the summer-autumn of 1941, the lands which were annexed by the Soviets were overrun by Germany in the course of the initially successful German attack on the USSR. After a few years of fighting, the Red Army drove the German forces out of the USSR and crossed into Poland from the rest of Central and Eastern Europe.

Sociologist Tadeusz Piotrowski argues that both occupying powers were hostile to the existence of Poland's sovereignty, people, and the culture and aimed to destroy them. [2] Before Operation Barbarossa, Germany and the Soviet Union coordinated their Poland-related policies, most visibly in the four Gestapo–NKVD conferences, where the occupiers discussed their plans to deal with the Polish resistance movement. [3]

Around 6 million Polish citizens—nearly 21.4% of Poland's population—died between 1939 and 1945 as a result of the occupation, [4] [5] half of whom were ethnic Poles and the other half of whom were Polish Jews. Over 90% of the deaths were non-military losses, because most civilians were deliberately targeted in various actions which were launched by the Germans and Soviets. [4] Overall, during German occupation of pre-war Polish territory, 1939–1945, the Germans murdered 5,470,000–5,670,000 Poles, including 3,000,000 Jews in what was described as a deliberate and systematic genocide during the Nuremberg Trials. [6]

In August 2009, the Polish Institute of National Remembrance (IPN) researchers estimated Poland's dead (including Polish Jews) at between 5.47 and 5.67 million (due to German actions) and 150,000 (due to Soviet), or around 5.62 and 5.82 million total. [7]

Queen Dangyeong – The seven day Queen

Queen Dangyeong as portrayed in Queen for Seven Days (2017)(Screenshot/fair use)

Queen Dangyeong’s story is very tragic. She was the first wife of King Jungjong of Joseon (Korea). Because of a power struggle, she experienced the death of her father and her own deposition. It was even sadder that she was only queen for seven days. She was torn from her husband and forced to live in isolation. Queen Dangyeong was the scapegoat of a power struggle that she played no role in but was punished for anyway.

Queen Dangyeong was born in 1487. She was a noblewoman. We do not know her real name. She was given the name of Dangyeong after her death. [1] We do know that her father was Shin Su-guen. He was the brother-in-law of the King Yeonsangun. [2] When she was thirteen, she married Grand Prince Jinseong (who would later become King Jungjong), the half-brother of King Yeonsangun. [3] Prince Jungjong was only twelve when he married Dangyeong. [4] We do not know how the couple must have felt about this marriage. However, many historians believed that King Jungjong loved his wife. [5]

King Yeonsangun was unpopular with the people. He was known for his cruelty, jealousy, and bad temper. [6] In 1498, King Yeonsangun learned the truth of his mother, Queen Yoon’s execution. It happened during his father King Seongjong reign. He executed all those in favour of his mother’s death. It became known as the First Literati Purge. [7] In 1504, he killed his father’s two concubines as well as his grandmother, Queen Insu. He also executed scholars who had persuaded his father to kill his mother, which became known as the Second Literati Purge. [8] Because of so many deaths that he had ordered, a group of officials, among them Bak Wonjong and Seon Huian, plotted to depose King Yeonsangun in favour of his brother, Grand Prince Jinseong. In 1506, they launched a coup and deposed King Yeonsangun. [9] King Yeonsangun was demoted to a prince and was exiled to Ganghwa Island, where he died that year. [10]

Grand Prince Jinseong was now king. He is known to us in history as King Jungjong. Queen Dangyeong was invested as queen. [11] She was queen for only seven days. [12] Her father, who was a supporter of King Yeonsangun, was against King Jungjong’s enthronement and his daughter’s investiture. [13] These same officials who had ousted King Yeonsangun and crowned King Jungjong were responsible for Queen Dangyeong’s downfall. They accused Shin Su-guen of treason. He was then killed for turning his back on the coup. [14] Because Queen Dangyeong was the daughter of a traitor, they deposed her as queen. [15]

Poor King Jungjong could do nothing to help his wife, whom he loved dearly. [16] Even though he was king, he was not powerful. It was the nobles who held the true power. [17] She was ousted from the palace and sent to Mt. Inwang. It was there where she was forced to live out the rest of her days. [18] King Jungjong had to marry Queen Janggyeong. It was said that King Jungjong deeply longed for his first wife, and he would mournfully look toward Mt. Inwang. [19]

In 1515, which was the tenth year of the reign of King Jungjong, Queen Janggyeong died. A group of Dangyeong’s supporters, notably Kim Jeong and Bak Sang, risked their lives by submitting a memorial to restore Queen Dangyeong as queen. [20] After submitting the memorial, Kim Jeong was poisoned, and Bak Sang was exiled. [21] King Jungjong married Queen Munjeong and had a few concubines. [22] He had fifteen children. [23]

Queen Dangyeong died childless and alone at the age of 71 in 1557. [24] She was buried at a private burial site. It was not until 1698 that a shrine was established for her. [25] In 1775, under the 51st reign of King Yeongjo, she was finally restored to her title as queen. [26] Her grave is known as Olleung. Queen Dangyeong’s tomb is very simple. It has no stone screen. There are a few statues of tigers and sheep. There used to be a shrine, but it was removed in 1970 for road construction. [27] Queen Dangyeong’s supporters, Kim Jeong and Bak San’s loyalty were also recognized. They were given a memorial monument known as the Sunchang Samindae. [28]

In the end, Queen Dangyeong was betrayed by the very nobles who put her in power. Because of her father, she was deposed. She was an innocent pawn in the power struggle. While King Jungjong would have two more wives, Queen Dangyeong’s tale shows how powerless she was to control her own fate. She died a lonely and largely forgotten woman. It was not until almost two hundred years after her death that she finally received the recognition she was deprived of in life.

Cultural Heritage Administration. Nomination of Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty for

Inscription on the World Heritage List (pdf). UNESCO. p. 136. 3, Oct. 2017.

“Jungjong of Joseon.” Jungjong of Joseon – New World Encyclopedia, New World Encylopedia,

“Olleung Royal Tomb, Yangju.” Cultural Heritage Administration , Cultural Heritage

Administration, 3 Oct. 2017.

“Samin Cultural Festival.” The Encyclopedia of Sunchang , Academy of Korean Studies, 3 Oct.

The Korean Foundation, and Shin Jeong-seon. “Meeting the Kings of Joseon Alongside Their

Graves.” Korea Focus , 3rd ed., vol. 20, The Korean Foundation, 2013. March 2012.

[1] “Samin Cultural Festival”, para. 5

[2] “Olleung Royal Tomb, Yangju,” para. 11

[3] The Korean Foundation and Jeong-seon, “Meeting the Kings of Joseon alongside their Graves”, para. 8

[4] The Korean Foundation and Jeong-seon, “Meeting the Kings of Joseon alongside their Graves”, para. 8

[5] The Korean Foundation and Jeong-seon, “Meeting the Kings of Joseon alongside their Graves”, para.8

[6] “Jungjong of Joseon.”, para. 3

[7] “Jungjong of Joseon.”, para. 4

[8] “Jungjong of Joseon.”, para. 4

[9] “Jungjong of Joseon.”, para. 5

[10] “Jungjong of Joseon.”, para. 5

[11] “Olleung Royal Tomb, Yangju,” para. 13

[12] “Olleung Royal Tomb, Yangju,” para.13

[13] “Olleung Royal Tomb, Yangju,” para. 12

[14] The Korean Foundation and Jeong-seon, “Meeting the Kings of Joseon alongside their Graves”, para. 8

[15] “Samin Cultural Festival”, para. 3

[16] The Korean Foundation and Jeong-seon, “Meeting the Kings of Joseon alongside their Graves”, para. 8

[17] “Jungjong of Joseon.”, para. 6

[18] The Korean Foundation and Jeong-seon, “Meeting the Kings of Joseon alongside their Graves”, para. 8

[19] The Korean Foundation and Jeong-seon, “Meeting the Kings of Joseon alongside their Graves”, para. 8

[20] “Samin Cultural Festival”, para. 4

[21] “Samin Cultural Festival”, para. 4

[22] The Korean Foundation and Jeong-seon, “Meeting the Kings of Joseon alongside their Graves”, para. 8

The Bizarre Historical Origins of the Humpty Dumpty Nursery Rhyme

Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall. The words are an indelible part of nearly every English speaker’s childhood. Humpty Dumpty had a great fall. You probably know the nursery rhyme so well you don’t give it a second thought. All the king’s horses and all the king’s men… You may have forgotten that the rhythmic recitation was originally a riddle. … couldn’t put Humpty together again.

But while the solution to the nonsensical nursery rhyme is so well known that Humpty Dumpty’s egg shape has become synonymous with his identity, the question remains, Where did the rhyme come from, and what did it originally mean? Popular theories abound, though they’re probably more fanciful than factual.

Cover of a 1904 adaptation of Humpty Dumpty by William Wallace Denslow.

Some say Humpty Dumpty is a sly allusion to King Richard III, whose brutal 26-month reign ended with his death in the Battle of Bosworth in 1485. In this speculative version, King Richard III’s horse was supposedly called “Wall,” off of which he fell during battle. He was bludgeoned so severely his men could not save him, becoming the last king to die in battle.

Historians long thought King Richard III was humpbacked. Shakespeare perpetuated this myth, famously portraying him as “a poisonous bump-backed toad” in his historical play, which was first performed in the early 1600s.

A poster advertising a pantomime version at the Olympic Theatre in New York 1868, starring George L. Fox

The 2012 discovery of Richard III’s skeleton beneath a parking lot in Leicester led to an updated diagnosis of severe scoliosis, which meant one shoulder might have been a little higher. The skeletal remains also showed evidence of 11 wounds, eight of which were to the skull.

Humpty Dumpty, shown as a riddle with answer, in a 1902 Mother Goose story book by William Wallace Denslow

The Humpty Dumpty rhyme first appeared in print in Samuel Arnold’s Juvenile Amusement, published in 1797, though the third line was slightly different—“Four-score men and four-score more.”

A more recently popular theory attaches Humpty Dumpty to a cannon in Colchester, England, during the town’s siege in 1648. The town had a majestic castle and several churches encircled by a protective wall. A large and heavy cannon, nicknamed Humpty Dumpty, was strategically placed atop St Mary’s as the Wall Church to defend the city, and manned by “One-Eyed” Jack Thompson. The top of the church tower was hit by the enemy, causing the cannon to tumble to the ground, where it shattered and could not be put back together again.

Humpty Dumpty and Alice. From Through the Looking-Glass. Illustration by John Tenniel.

This theory gained traction in the 1990s with the publication of a book about nursery-rhyme origins, but the Oxford Dictionary of Nursery Rhymes points out that the cannon story originated in a spoof published by Oxford Magazine in 1956.

Humpty Dumpty may also have been a drink of brandy boiled with ale. Though that sounds unappetizing, some modern mixologists have resurrected the cocktail.

In Mother Goose’s Melody, published in 1803, the last line was “couldn’t set Humpty up again,” and he was portrayed not as an egg but as a fat boy.

Over the years, references to Humpty Dumpty have turned up in all kinds of artistic interpretations. Songs include “I’m Sitting on Top of the World,” written in 1925 and Travis’s “The Humpty Dumpty Love Song,” in 2001. Literary allusions include, among many others, All the King’s Men, by Robert Penn Warren, and All the President’s Men, by Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein.

But Humpty Dumpty’s most famous literary appearance is certainly in Lewis Carroll’s Through the Looking-Glass (1872), in which he appears as a fussily exacting egg-head who corrects Alice’s grammar and discusses the value and meaning of words.

“When I use a word,” Humpty Dumpty said [to Alice], in rather a scornful tone, “it means just what I choose it to mean—neither more nor less.”

An illustration from Walter Crane’s, Mother Goose’s Nursery Rhymes (1877), showing Humpty Dumpty as a boy

The classic Carroll illogical logic has actually been cited by attorneys in both U.K. and U.S. courts. Humpty Dumpty goes on to scold Alice: “They’ve a temper, some of them—particularly verbs, they’re the proudest—adjectives you can do anything with, but not verbs—however, I can manage the whole lot! Impenetrability! That’s what I say!”

The same could be applied to the Humpty Dumpty origin story—it can mean just what you choose it to mean, neither more nor less.

The lost children of the Holocaust

Until Prof. Joanna Beata Michlic came along. Prof. Michlic is a Jew of Polish descent, a social historian who specializes in Holocaust research and in its effects on children and family. She embarked on a journey retracing those children's footsteps, delved into archives of Jewish organizations, orphanages and kibbutzim in Israel, and collected live testimonies. She also spent some time in Israel as a scholar as part of the prestigious Fullbright program, which advances academic-scientific cooperation between the United States and Israel.

"Childhood in the Holocaust is an issue which has been pushed aside," Michlic says about the exclusion of children's experiences from the academic research. "There is a dispute over the use of survivors' testimonies, particularly children, and it’s extremely problematic, because if you look at research as a source of understanding history, the children and their experiences aren't even there."

A history of a Holocaust without children

Prof. Michlic is the founder of the Hadassah-Brandeis Institute and a lecturer at the University of Bristol in the United Kingdom, and is a sort of enigma. She was born and raised in Poland. A study she conducted as a student about anti-Semitism in her country led her to information documenting the human story of the Jewish children who were saved by Polish families during the Holocaust.

Why was there no interest in what the children had to say?

"There was a feeling that the information was distorted. Children's testimonies are naturally less accurate. Their interpretation of reality is sometimes different. The fact that they were young made historians question their ability to remember. A child was of course the ultimate victim, and his testimony was a symbol – but only on the psychological level.

"Historians didn't feel that it was an important voice through which the circumstances and historical events – and the history of the childhood in general – during and after the Holocaust, should be examined. And this is, in my opinion, an important part of the documentation. It's true that children have a different sense of time, a different outlook. Very small children couldn't even remember their name. They lost the reality of who they were, as they were unable to use their real name for a while."

Parents turned into strangers

In her study, Prof. Michlic documents heart-rending descriptions of tragedies and traumas suffered by the lucky children who survived with a false identity.

"It was so traumatic," she says, "that after the war, when the children's relatives arrived to take them home, they saw them as complete strangers. Some of the Jewish children who were transferred to a Jewish orphanage in Poland after the war tried to escape to the people they saw as their parents. The emotional connection between them was very deep in some cases, and the separation was heart-rending."

Who were the Christians who took in those children?

"The rescuers came from a very wide variety. Some took care of them as if they were their own children. Others expressed anti-Semitic views and some were violent towards the adoptive children, as well as towards their biological children. There were also cases in which families murdered the children they were entrusted with.

"In homes in which children were abused – sexual abuse too, by the way – they were very happy to find out about their Jewishness and leave. But in families in which they felt loved and appreciated, there were huge difficulties. Some of the parents didn't even know that the child they adopted was Jewish, and the separation was heart-rending. It took some of them years to really say goodbye."

Michlic further notes that under the Soviet regime, "the issue because a taboo. The Polish families were afraid to reveal their connection to the Jews' children, and therefore did not maintain it. The archives were sealed. Only today, when they have become local culture heroes, the issue can be discussed openly. But most of them are no longer alive, and the relations between them and the children they raised were broken in a very traumatic way.

"One of the most wonderful places to learn about the connection was through letters the children wrote to Jewish organizations during the civil struggle in Poland, asking that their rescuers be protected."

Jewish kids praying to Virgin Mary

The documentation discovered by Michlic described dozens of cases of difficulties in bidding farewell to the adoptive family. Sara Avinun, one of the interviewees in Michlic's research, documented her story in the book "Rising from the Abyss," which Michlic sees as one of the most powerful and important depictions of the child experience during the Holocaust. But this documentation, she says, didn't receive the proper research attention in previous years either.

"She describes the experiences of a little girl, who at a certain stage, after a number of difficult experiences of sexual abuse, abandonment and more, found herself in a Christian orphanage. She was taken away from there by a childless Polish couple and created a renewed childhood for herself," Michlic says.

"After the war, when she was nine years old, her uncle arrived, and she simply refused to go with them. She escaped back to her 'parents,' until her grandfather took her away forcibly. He was a religious person and he put her in a kibbutz with other children, because he felt that the gaps between them were too big and he wanted her to reaccept her Jewish identity."

Avinun's story ended well. "She has a wonderful family and a Jewish identity, but for a long time she kept in touch with her adoptive parents, who didn’t even know she was Jewish. There were periods of great difficulties, of a mixed identity, of a rejection of anything related to Judaism and Jews. The adoptive mother refused to acknowledge the fact that the daughter was Jewish, and just wanted her back even many years later.

"And there were children who decided to stay with their Christian identity, and kept their Jewish identity a secret for many years. This group has been shrinking in recent years. There were children who found out the truth as adults, like Romuald (Jakub) Weksler-Waszkinel, who was already a Catholic priest when he learned the truth, and to this very day he lives in Israel to this very day with a split Jewish-Catholic identity."

According to Michlic, "Even if the parents survived, there were children who wanted to officially convert to Christianity. These experiences, unfortunately, were not part of the historical memory for many years. Some of the children didn't really talk about it and suppressed it, but even those who did were not heard. And so you could see a child who wants to immigrate to Israel on the one hand, and continues to go to church every Sunday on the other hand."

The division of the religious identity continued. Michlic describes many cases in which small children continued to pray to Virgin Mary, or kept her pictures. And it accompanied them even when they already knew they were Jewish.

"Others," she explains, "found it difficult to get used to the idea that one can be Jewish again. These are children whose entire family, community, was erased. They were afraid to return to their Jewishness, afraid to speak Yiddish. In many cases, they were raised on anti-Semitic stories, which increased their revulsion towards the discovery."

Trauma moved on to next generation

How did the families that survived the horror deal with the new difficulty?

"We know that the best results were achieved in cases in which the children were not forced to abandon their Christian beliefs. The family rehabilitation was the hardest. The Jewish identity was just one problem among a slew of difficult problems. For example, according to the Jewish organizations' documentation, most of them faced difficulties concerning food.

"There were children, boys, who were forced to dress up as girls in hiding, and they continued to dress as girls for years, and their gender had to be restored. Some of the lucky children who managed to survive the Holocaust with one parent, and arrived in Israel, succeeded in developing very close relations. But what happened in cases in which the parent remarried?

"We must remember that the parents who survived had their own problems. They survived concentration camps, death camps, even Soviet occupation, and years of hiding in Aryan areas. Some suffered from mental and emotional problems. They didn't always have the ability to deal with the child's traumas. Children were sometimes left in orphanages for a long time, until their parents managed to get back on their feet."

And what happened when the parents didn't survive?

"It wasn't always clear who was responsible for the children. Sometimes it was an aunt or uncle, sometimes an extended family. Today we know from research that children who were taken care of by relatives sometimes felt like they don't belong and didn't receive the level of care they needed. Some of them just didn't know how to deal with a child who had gone through what they went through.

"Most of the children," Prof. Michlic concludes sadly, "were not smiling 'poster kids,' but scarred children with difficult problems. The untreated trauma moved on, when they became parents, to the second and third generation. Today's Israelis have been raised and are still being raised in the shadow of this trauma. It isn't over yet."

Atlantis, Lemuria & Maldek

The account below has been adapted for this website from the Introduction to The Nine Freedoms by Dr. George King. This is the story of our past lives in Atlantis, Lemuria, and even before we came to Earth.


Hundreds of thousands of years ago there was another planet in this Solar System, about the size of Earth, which made its orbit between Mars and Jupiter. It was a green prosperous world inhabited by a people who had not reached a state of really advanced culture, but had nevertheless attained a stage which afforded an abundance of necessities which made life comparatively comfortable for all.

They studied the philosophies and dabbled in the sciences as do we, except that these people were more advanced in many ways than we are. The planet was so highly mechanized that robots took care of all the menial tasks. The inhabitants had discovered a rudimentary form of space travel, and could control their weather so that drought and famine became long forgotten. The majority, having an abundance of food, and having no menial tasks to perform, soon became content to while away their time in the sun. They became, in comparison with higher planetary cultures, a selfish, lackadaisical people seeking after their own enjoyment, as do the majority of people on Earth today.

It probably started subtly in the minds of those few men of science who shunned the procrastinating majority, in a fervent search for material conquest, thus leaving themselves open to the incurable affliction.

The mental disease manifested itself as a lust for greater power.

They exploded a hydrogen bomb and completely destroyed the planet Maldek and murdered the whole populace in one blinding flash of searing flame. All that is now left of that beautiful planet is the asteroid belt.

The people who inhabited Maldek were suddenly released onto their different etheric planes. According to the perfect law of karma, these people had to reincarnate again, under strict limitation, upon another planet in the Solar System. The Earth was approached.

The Gods made an appeal to the Earth as an intelligence, asking if she would be willing to take compassion upon the killers of Maldek and agree to their reincarnation upon her back. In her great merciful compassion, she agreed, thereby accepting thousands of years of limitation so that these lesser life forms could gain essential experience. The Gods then approached the true inhabitants of Earth, a highly cultured race of individuals called – Adamic man, who also agreed to cooperate with the coming to Earth of the people from Maldek.

Gradually those too lazy to stop the shocking cosmic crime of the destruction of Maldek and those who had actually brought it about, were reincarnated upon Earth. Adamic man stayed for a time giving instruction, guidance and help – and then, in accordance with Divine law, left the new inhabitants of Earth to their own devices.


Out of the gross limitation of atomic mutation the civilization of Lemuria (also known as Mu) dragged its weary self. The Earth became somewhat similar to what Maldek had been. The people began to probe the philosophies and the sciences again, and the Lemurian civilization flourished.

At its peak, it was a civilization of much finer culture than we know on Earth today. The Lemurians established a liaison between themselves and advanced intelligences from other planets, who taught them a great deal.

But alas, the disease struck again.

Lemuria was split into two camps: good and evil, the later camp again probing the atom. For the second time, the forces within God’s tiny building blocks were unleashed – and the civilization of Lemuria was destroyed.


Again those left were born through gross limitation on and off a world seething with radioactive poisoning until, eventually, after thousands of years, another semblance of culture came into being, and, slowly at first, then later gaining momentum, the civilization of Atlantis flourished upon Earth. Again space travel was established. Again some listened to the voice of wisdom coming from higher sources, and there was a split into three definite camps. The few, searching for a force to give them conquest over the whole Solar System, the majority not caring much, because they were content to live in their procrastinations, and the other few, who had proved themselves ready for the higher teachings and possessed the logic and faith to accept the voice of higher authority.

Again the minds of the sadistic minority invented atomic weaponry.

As had happened at the time of the fall of Lemuria, those who were ready for evacuation just prior to the devastation that was to follow, were taken off the Earth by the Gods from space. Meanwhile, those beset with greed and lust for material supremacy, warred with each other. As neither side could win such an atomic war – down fell the civilization of Atlantis into charred radioactive ruins.

Today, again the forces of the atom have been unleashed. Again the world is divided against itself.

Let us not make the same mistake a fourth time!

It should also be noted that after the destruction of Lemuria, the Gods saw fit to place a barrier around the Earth called by some “the ring-pass-not”. In scientific terms this barrier is called “the ionosphere”. After the destruction of Atlantis, the ionosphere was greatly intensified. This intensification tended to cut man off from the higher forms of inspiration, making advancement so much more difficult. This move had to be brought about according to karmic law.

This is a very brief history of why we are here upon Earth and why we are at the bottom of the evolutionary ladder in this Solar System. No other people in the Solar System have committed the worst possible crime, namely that of murdering a planetary intelligence.

Although we stand today in a position similar to that before Maldek was destroyed, there is one major difference between the two situations and that is this: the Supreme Lords of Karma have now declared, that under no account will this planet – the Mother Earth – be destroyed.

Many attempts had been made to dig tunnels out of the camp. In 1943, Oliver Philpot, Eric Williams and Michael Codner successfully escaped from Stalag Luft III by digging a tunnel under the perimeter fence concealed by a wooden vaulting horse. This event was portrayed in the 1950 film ‘The Wooden Horse’.

Bushell, a South African-born pilot, was captured after crash-landing in his Spitfire during the Dunkirk evacuation in May 1940. At Stalag Luft III he was placed in charge of the Escape Committee.

Roger Bushell (left) with a German guard and a fellow POW /

5 thoughts on &ldquo 164 Słowiańscy królowie Lechii. Polska starożytna … czyli Lechistan, Lechici = Lachy = Polachy = Polacy &rdquo

akt. 10.09.2015, 16:12
Archeolodzy odkryli duże cmentarzysko z epoki brązu na Dolnym Śląsku

Jedno z najbogatszych cmentarzysk z epoki brązu na ziemiach polskich odkryli archeolodzy w okolicy miejscowości Dunino w gminie Krotoszyce (woj. dolnośląskie). Odkryto około 200 pochówków bogato wyposażonych w przedmioty z brązu i gliny, które były składane do grobów.
Pochodzące sprzed 4 tys. lat cmentarzysko odkryto na budowie odcinak drogi ekspresowej S3, która ma połączyć Nową Sól z Legnicą.

– Odkryliśmy cmentarzysko obejmujące około 200 grobów. Już teraz wiadomo, że jest to jedno najciekawszych cmentarzysk kultury łużyckiej na Dolnym Śląsku i jedno z najbogatszych z terenu Polski – powiedziała prowadząca tam badania archeolog Izabela Kadłucka.

Według archeologów pochówki należały do ówczesnej elity społeczności tam żyjących. Ma o tym świadczyć bogate wyposażenie grobów. Znaleziono wykonane z brązu szpile i zausznice oraz wiele naczyń wykorzystywanych w pochówkach.

– Badacze odkryli pochówki popielnicowe i jamowe. Oznacza to, że szkielet zmarłego składano na stosie, a po spaleniu wsypywany był do urny lub do jamy w ziemi (tzw. pochówki bezurnowe). Wiele grobów zawiera po kilka urn i po kilkadziesiąt przystawek – naczyń, które były darami grobowymi składano do nich pokarmy, ziarna, czy brązowe ozdoby. Część urn przykryta jest talerzami, misami lub innymi naczyniami – powiedziała Kadłucka.

W części odkrytych grobów znaleziono szkielety dzieci. Tam archeolodzy odkryli ceramiczne grzechotki. – Po raz pierwszy od kilku tysięcy lat mogliśmy usłyszeć dźwięk takie grzechotki. Znajdują się w niej wypalone z gliny kulki – powiedziała Kadłucka.

Archeolodzy znaleźli również tzw. wózek rytualny, który najprawdopodobniej służył do przewożenia dusz. Na cmentarzysku znaleziono również pozostałości kurhanów. Tam najprawdopodobniej były chowane osoby o najwyższym statusie społecznym.

Kadłucka podkreśliła, że odkrycie cmentarzyska z epoki brązu było dla archeologów zaskoczeniem. – Według danych archiwalnych stanowisko miało być pozostałościami związanymi z bitwą nad Kaczawą z 1813 r. pomiędzy wojskami napoleońskimi, a wojskami pruskimi i rosyjskimi – mówiła.

Prace archeologiczne na stanowisku Dunino będą prowadzone do listopada. Po badaniach zabytki zostaną przekazane do Muzeum Miedzi w Legnicy, gdzie będzie można oglądać je na wystawie.

a cóż to za autorytet ten Jurszo, zwykła tendencyjna popelina

Zygmunt’s Notes

July 27, 1942 Lt. Albert Battel of the Wehrmacht takes an unusual stand against the deportation of Jews from Przemysl. He uses Army trucks to rescue up to 100 Jewish armament workers, along with their families, sheltering them from deportation to the Belzec death camp.

July 27, 1942

It’s done! First of all, dear diary, please forgive me for wandering into your pages and trying to carry on the work of somebody I’m not worthy of. Let me tell you that Renuska didn’t get the work permit stamp she needed to avoid being deported, so she has to stay in hiding. My dear parents have also been refused work permit stamps. I swear to God and history that I will save the three people who are dearest to me, even if it costs me my own life. You will help me, God!

July 28, 1942

My parents were lucky to get into the city. They’re hiding at the cemetery. Renia had to leave the factory. I had to find her a hiding place at any cost. I was in the city until 8 o’clock. I have finally succeeded.

July 29, 1942

The Aktion [mass deportation] was prevented because of a dispute between the army and the Gestapo. I cannot describe everything that has gone on for the last three days. I have no energy for that after 12 hours of running around the city. These events have shaken me to my core, but they haven’t broken me. I have a terribly difficult task. I have to save so many people without having any protection for myself, or any help from others. This burden rests on my shoulders alone. I have taken Ariana to the other side.

July 30, 1942

Today everything will be decided. I will gather all my mental and physical strength and I will achieve my goals. Or I will die trying.

At midday they took away our cards for stamping (along with wives’ cards). I decided to risk my document, because I thought it was my last chance to save Renuska. No luck! They threatened to send me to the Gestapo. After a lot of begging, they finally withdrew that threat. But that forgery cost me my job managing military quarters. At 8 o’clock, I’ll find out whether or not I’m going to stay.

In the night

Oh, gods! Such horror! It was all for nothing! The drama lasted one hour. I didn’t get my card. Have I just slaughtered myself?! Now I am on my own. What will happen to me? I wanted to save my parents and Renia, but instead I just got into more trouble myself. It looks like the end of the world is here. I still have hope.

July 31, 1942

Three shots! Three lives lost! It happened last night at 10:30 p.m. Fate decided to take my dearest ones away from me. My life is over. All I can hear are shots, shots shots. My dearest Renusia, the last chapter of your diary is complete.

Subscribe to Smithsonian magazine now for just $12

This article is a selection from the November issue of Smithsonian magazine

Watch the video: Πολωνοί τουρίστες μιλούν στο ΕΝΑ (September 2022).

Video, Sitemap-Video, Sitemap-Videos