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Scania AKA-40 - History

Scania AKA-40 - History


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Scania

(AKA-40: dp. 4,087; 1. 426'; b. 58', dr. 16', s. 16.9 k.
cpl. 303; a. 1 5", 8 40mm., 10 20mm., cl. Artemis
T. S4-SE2-BE1)

Scania (AKA-40) was laid down on 6 January 1945 under Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 1901 by Walsh Kaiser Co., Inc., Providence, R.I.; launched on 17 March 1945; sponsored by Mrs. Thomas Maguire and commissioned on 16 April 1945, Lt. Comdr. Ben C Gerwick, Jr., in command.

After shakedown, Scania departed Norfolk on 31 May 1945 with cargo and passengers for Pearl Harbor but a turbine casualty required repairs at San Francisco from 16 June to 1 July and delayed her arrival at Pearl until 9 July. On 15 July, she departed Pearl carrying cargo for Tarawa, Majuro, and Kwajalein. After her return to Pearl Harbor on 8 August, she made local cargo voyages in the Hawaiian Islands until sailing on 7 September for Canton Island, Espiritu Santo, Eniwetok, and Wake. On arrival at Wake on 11 October, she reported for "Magic Carpet" duties. The ship made two voyages carrying troops home, one from Eniwetok and one from Tacloban, P.I., before being released from "Magic Carpet" duty at Los Angeles at the end of December.

On 17 January 1946, Scania sailed from San Pedro Calif., and began a year of duty carrying cargo in the western Pacific. She made four voyages from Guam during this period, calling at Manus, the Philippines Okinawa, Japan, and China. The ship returned to Seattle on 12 December but soon departed on 21 January 1947 to provide local cargo service in the Aleutians. She returned to Seattle on 2 June and arrived at San Francisco on 14 June for inactivation.

Scania was decommissioned on 2 September 1947 and simultaneously delivered to the Maritime Commission Reserve Fleet at Suisun Bay, Calif. She was struck from the Navy list on 16 September 1947. The ship was sold by the Maritime Commission on 13 July 1965 to Zidell Explorations, Inc., Portland, Oreg., for scrapping.


یواس‌اس اسکانیا (ای‌کی‌ای-۴۰)

یواس‌اس اسکانیا (ای‌کی‌ای-۴۰) (به انگلیسی: USS Scania (AKA-40) ) یک کشتی بود که طول آن ۴۲۶ فوت (۱۳۰ متر) بود. این کشتی در سال ۱۹۴۵ ساخته شد.

یواس‌اس اسکانیا (ای‌کی‌ای-۴۰)
USS Scania (AKA-40)
پیشینه
مالک
آب‌اندازی: ۶ ژانویه ۱۹۴۵
آغاز کار: ۱۷ مارس ۱۹۴۵
اعزام: ۱۶ آوریل ۱۹۴۵
مشخصات اصلی
وزن: ۴٬۰۸۷ long ton (۴٬۱۵۳ تن)
درازا: ۴۲۶ فوت (۱۳۰ متر)
پهنا: ۵۸ فوت (۱۸ متر)
آبخور: ۱۶ فوت (۴٫۹ متر)
سرعت: ۱۶٫۹ گره (۳۱٫۳ کیلومتر بر ساعت؛ ۱۹٫۴ مایل بر ساعت)

این یک مقالهٔ خرد کشتی یا قایق است. می‌توانید با گسترش آن به ویکی‌پدیا کمک کنید.


In focus

Are you ready to take charge of the future? Electrification is an integral part of a sustainable transport industry with lower CO2 emissions. As such, it's a transition so important that we now have a holistic electric range consisting of both trucks and buses, and solution packages that focus on complete turnkey operation.

Culture of innovation

Transport is experiencing one of the biggest shifts in its history. Our business landscape is more disruptive than ever, with new technologies and business models emerging all the time.

At Scania we’re responding to these changes with significant investments in technology for sustainable transport solutions that are viable today, while also developing the autonomous, electrified and connected transport technologies of tomorrow.

Company overview

Financial reports

Annual review 2020

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Produkter [ redigera | redigera wikitext ]

Förutom de fysiska produkterna så har även Scania byggt upp en stor verksamhet för underhåll av produkterna samt finansiella tjänster.

Lastbilar [ redigera | redigera wikitext ]

Modellbeteckningen består av hyttbenämningen samt hästkraftsantalet på motorn. Bilens ytterligare specifikationer går inte att utläsa från modellbeteckningen.

Hyttmodeller [ redigera | redigera wikitext ]

  • L - En lågbyggd hytt för urbana miljöer, tillämpningar som till exempel distribution, anläggning och renhållning.
  • P - En låg hytt som primärt används inom distribution och anläggningsbilar.
  • G - En rymligare hytt än P för att möjliggöra större motorer samt ett plattare golv i hytten.
  • R - Näst största hytten för de längsta sträckorna samt möjligheten att använda Scanias V8-motor.
  • S - Största hytten med ett platt golv, främst designad för långa sträckor, samt möjligheten att använda Scanias V8-motor.

Äldre beteckningar [ redigera | redigera wikitext ]

Utgående från beteckningarna på de äldre modellerna kan man också utläsa ytterligare information. I grillen stod det före R- och P-beteckningarna en tre- eller tvåsiffrig nummerserie, till exempel 92, 113, 164. I denna nummerserie anger den sista siffran vilken serie den tillhör, "92" är alltså den andra serien, "113" den tredje, "164" den fjärde osv. Vidare anger numren före vilken motor lastbilen har "92" har nio liters, "113" har elva liters och "164" har sexton liters motor.

Historiska modeller [ redigera | redigera wikitext ]

  • Vabis 3,0 ton (1907–1910)
  • Scania EL (1906–1909)
  • Scania HL (1908–1910)
  • Scania-Vabis CLb/CLc (1911–1927)
  • Scania-Vabis DLa (1911–1926)
  • Scania-Vabis ELa (1912–1926)
  • Scania-Vabis FLa (1911–1924)
  • Scania-Vabis GLa (1914–1923) /324/325 (1925–1936) /345/355 (1931–1944) /L40/L51 (1944–1959) /L60/L71 (1946–1958) /L76 (1958–1968) /L56/L66 (1959–1968) (1964–1968) (1968–1974) (1974–1981) (1980–1988) (1987–1996) (1996–2004) (2004-2010) (sedan 2010) (sedan 2017) (sedan 2017)

Bussar [ redigera | redigera wikitext ]

Scania är världens fjärde största busstillverkare och producerar i första hand chassier för stads- och linjebussar. [ 15 ] Det egna Omni är en av många karossbyggare på Scanias busschassier och företaget har nära samarbete med bland andra det spanska bolaget Irizar. Även andra bolag bygger karosser, eller har byggtarosser på Scania-chassier, bland andra Van Hool, Vest Buss samt Carrus, som köptes av Volvo Bussar omkring 2002 och Helmark Carosseri, som gick i konkurs 2010. Tidigare byggdes bussar även av Scanias tidigare dotterföretag Dansk Automobil Byggeri, som såldes 2002.

Scania började bygga bussar 1911 med "Nordmarkbussen", som hade plats för tolv personer. I det nybildade Scania-Vabis byggde Scania i Malmö chassier och Vabis i Södertälje karosser och motorer. En framgångsrik lansering av postbussar under 1920-talet ledde till att Scania startade kontinuerlig bussproduktion. [ 26 ] En viktig etapp var inköp av en licens för så kallade "bulldoggbussar", som började säljas 1932. [ 9 ] Detta år tillverkade Scania fler bussar än lastbilar. [ 26 ] Tillverkningen av busskarosser lades ut på karosstillverkare.

Under andra världskriget minskade busstillverkningen kraftigt, eftersom Scania då framför allt tillverkade lastbilar till den svenska krigsmakten. Efter kriget växte busstillverkningen återigen, men Scanias huvudprodukt blev ändå tunga lastbilar. [ 27 ] År 1948 började Scania exportera bussar till Brasilien. År 1953 lanserades matarbussmodellen Metropol som utvecklats tillsammans med Mack Trucks och som var den första svensktillverkade bussen med självbärande kaross. År 1966 lanserades stadsbussen CR76, som 1968 bytte bytte namn till Scania CR110, i samband med att Scania-Vabis blev Saab-Scania. År 1971 lanserades CR111. [ 26 ]

År 1968 bildades dotterbolaget Scania Bussar AB. [ 26 ] År 1980 lanserades den första gasdrivna Scaniabussen i modern tid. Under 1980-talet utvecklades etanolbussar, där bland annat CN112 användes av SL i Stockholm. Den första etanolbussen från Scania gick i trafik 1985. [ 28 ] Under 2000-talet har ökat fokus legat på BRT-system samt alternativa bränslen. [ 26 ] Bland senare års bussmodeller hör OmniCity, OmniLink och OmniLine. Scania Citywide-serien presenterades 2011 och sattes i serieproduktion 2012. Citywide har bland annat köpts in av Berlins kollektivtrafikbolag BVG.

Åren 2002–2004 lades verksamheten i Katrineholm stegvis ned och flyttades till Södertälje och Polen. Verksamheten omorganiserades under namnet Omni. [ 26 ] Samarbeten inleddes med Lahden Autokori och Higer 2006–2007 för att kunna erbjuda fler typer av helbyggda bussar och inte enbart chassier för externa karossbyggare. [ 27 ]

Motorer [ redigera | redigera wikitext ]

Scania Engines [ redigera | redigera wikitext ]

Förutom att tillverka motorer till sina lastbilar och bussar, producerar Scania Engines motorer för andra tillämpningar inom industri- och marinsektorn. I september 2007 byttes namnet från Scania Industri- och Marinmotorer till Scania Engines.

Idag ligger produktionsvolymen på cirka 7 000 motorer per år. Större delen av verksamheten är lokaliserad till Södertälje, där majoriteten av de cirka 90 anställda jobbar. Scania Engines säljer sina produkter med hjälp av ett 40-tal distributörer över hela världen. En del av dessa ägs av Scania medan andra styrs via samarbetsavtal.

För lastbilar samt bussar [ redigera | redigera wikitext ]

  • 7 liters rak 6 - En modell som producerades mellan 1969 och 2001 i ungefär 170 000 exemplar och nådde 530 hk som mest i lastbilsutförandet. [ 29 ] (endast lastbil) – Modellen som efterträdde 14-litersvarianten

Övriga [ redigera | redigera wikitext ]

Scanias Engines industriella motorprogram omfattar en 5-cylindrig 7-litersmotor en 6-cylindrig 9-litersmotor, en 6-cylindrig 12-litersmotor och en 16-liters V8-motor. Bland annat hjullastare, pistmaskiner, skördetröskor, militärfordon, flygplatser och rockkonserter får energi med hjälp av Scania Engines industri- och strömförsörjningsmotorer.

Scanias marinmotorer används i färjor, räddningsbåtar, lotsbåtar, fiskebåtar och fritidsbåtar. Marinmotorn tillverkas i två varianter, en 6-cylindrig 12-litersmotor och en 16-liters V8-motor.

Utgångspunkten för motortillverkningen är Scanias lastbils- och bussmotorer som modulärt anpassas efter kundernas behov med fokus på pålitlighet, miljö och totalekonomi.


8 The Pedophile Killer

After having been beaten, raped, and prostituted by older men, Maudsley was picked up for sex at age 21 by a man named John Farrell. During their exchange, Farrell showed Maudsley photos of him (Farrell) committing physical and sexual abuse upon young children. Maudsley flew into a rage, strangling Farrell to death in an instant.

Maudsley was declared unfit to stand trial due to a presumed psychosis at the time of the murder. He was sent to Broadmoor Hospital for the criminally insane. There, in 1977, Maudsley struck again, this time kidnapping and torturing fellow inmate David Francis for nine hours before finally killing the man by smashing his head against the wall.

Here, reports vary. Some say that Francis&rsquos smashed head left some of his brain visible and that Maudsley took a spoon and ate part of the brain while prison guards watched. In this version, the prison guards had been negotiating for the hostage&rsquos life and were unable to stop the murder and cannibalism. [3]

Other reports say that the guards finally broke their way into the cell and found a spoon lodged in the victim&rsquos brain. It was assumed that Maudsley had eaten the missing parts of the brain. Either way, this alleged cannibalism caused some in the news media to dub Maudsley &ldquoHannibal the Cannibal.&rdquo

The victim, David Francis, was a convicted sex offender and pedophile. In a bizarre turn of events, Maudsley was found competent to stand trial for Francis&rsquos murder. Maudsley was convicted of manslaughter and transferred from Broadmoor Hospital to Wakefield Prison to do his time among the general population in a high-security prison.

In 1978, Maudsley killed again. This time, he murdered two men in the same day. The first victim, Salney Darwood, was a convicted sex offender who had been locked up for murdering his wife. Maudsley stabbed Salney to death with a prison shank that had been fashioned from a soup spoon.

So far, all of Maudsley&rsquos victims had been convicted sex offenders.


Scania celebrates 50 years in Brazil

Today exactly 50 years have passed since Scania began operations in Brazil, the country with more Scania vehicles than anywhere in the world. Some 40 per cent of all heavy trucks on Brazilian roads carry the Scania brand.

Scania’s long history and strong market position have also left their mark on the local language. In Brazil, the word “Scania” is often used as an expression for a big truck.

With 180,000 vehicles delivered, Brazil is Scania’s largest single market in absolute terms − the next largest is Sweden with 150,000 vehicles. During 15 of the past 20 years, Scania has been the market leader. According to Statistics for the first five months of 2007, Scania accounted for 25 percent of heavy truck sales and 43 percent of long-distance coach sales in Brazil.

On 2 July 1957, Scania-Vabis do Brasil Motor Diesel was established in São Paulo. Its first vehicles were made from parts imported from Sweden and were sold by Brazil’s Vemag Group. In 1962, Scania inaugurated the factory in São Bernardo do Campo, Brazil − its first production unit outside Sweden.

Since then, Scania has manufactured nearly 250,000 vehicles in Brazil. Today’s production capacity is 20,000 vehicles per year. Trucks, buses and engines are built not only for Brazil and other Latin American countries, but also for markets on other continents.

The year 1969 was a milestone not only in the history of Scania but for the whole Brazilian vehicle industry, when Scania became the first national manufacturer to export vehicle components: oil pumps to be installed in engines built in Sweden.

Another path-breaking initiative was the launch of the forward-control cab (cab placed above the engine) in 1974, when the LK 140 model was unveiled. In Brazil this model even earned a name of its own: “cara chata” (flat-face).

In environmental terms, too, Scania has been a pace-setter in Brazil. In 1997, the company became the first vehicle manufacturer in Latin America to be certified according to the ISO 14001 environmental management standard. When Scania built its millionth vehicle in the year 2000 – using components from eleven different factories in Europe and Latin America – the engine block was made in Brazil. This globally produced vehicle was donated to the International Red Cross.

São Bernardo do Campo is the hub of Scania’s Latin America operations. A 350,000 square meter site in this city near São Paulo houses not only production facilities but also central units for both Brazilian and regional sales and service operations.

Further information about Scania’s 50-year history in Brazil is available, in Portuguese, at www.scania.com.br

Scania is one of the world’s leading manufacturers of trucks and buses for heavy transport applications, and of industrial and marine engines. A growing proportion of the company’s operations consists of products and services in the financial and service sectors, assuring Scania customers of cost-effective transport solutions and maximum uptime. Employing 32,800 people, Scania operates in about 100 countries. Research and development activities are concentrated in Sweden, while production takes place in Europe and South America, with facilities for global interchange of both components and complete vehicles. In 2006, invoiced sales totalled SEK 70.7 billion and the net income amounted to SEK 5.9 billion.


£14,000

Scania 144 topliner classic

leather trim mahogany dash scania fridge lockers etc retarder air horn new front crossmember fitted cab suspension renewed good tyres was working up until lockdown.

Scania 4 Series P94 DB 6X2 300 DAY 9.0

2004/04 Scania 4 Series, P94D.300, Day Cab, 8 Speed 3 Pedal Opti-Cruise Gearbox, 6x20 Rear Lift Axle with 10 Tyres, 30FT Curtain Side Body with 5.9M Wheel Base, Sun Visor, 2 Owners, 619,444 KM, Diff Lock, Traction.

Scania R Series R340 R Cab Sleeper 9.0

2006/56 Scania R340 R Cab Sleeper, 8 Speed Manual Gearbox, 6x2 Rear Lift with 10 Tyres, 30 FT Curtain Side Body with Tail Lift, 5.9M Wheel Base, Digital Air Conditioning, Exhaust Brake, Sun Visor with Spot Lights.

Scania P Series P 310 6X2 FLAT CRANE 8.9

Scania P310 2008 (58) Sleeper Cab, 6x2 Rear Lift / Steer Axle, 26' 3" Flat Body, Effer 340 Four Extension Radio Remote Controlled Crane, 8 Speed Manual Gearbox, Cruise Control, Exhaust Brake, Super Singles, Steeri.


The History Of Scania

Scania AB is a global manufacturer of heavy trucks (British English: lorries), buses, and diesel engines, with its head office in Södertälje, Sweden. Scania has production facilities in Europe and Latin America. In addition, there are assembly plants in ten countries in Africa, Asia and Europe. Scania's sales and service organisation and finance companies are worldwide. In total the company employ 35 000 people around the world.

Scania AB (Scania is Latin for the providence of Skåne) came from a merge between the two companies VABIS and Scania. VABIS (Vagnsfabriksaktiebolaget i Södertälje) was founded in 1891 in Södertälje, 35kilometres (22mi) south of Stockholm, and manufactured wheels and train carts. Maskinaktiebolaget Scania was founded in 1900 in Malmö in the south of Sweden and was in the beginning a manufacturer of bicycles but soon also of cars and trucks. The merge in 1911 gave the company the name Scania-Vabis. The new company concentrated on manufacturing cars, trucks and buses.

After some economic difficulties in 1921, new capital came from Stockholms Enskilda Bank owned by the Wallenberg family and Scania-VABIS became a solid and technically, high standing, company.

In 1969, Scania-VABIS merged with SAAB, and formed Saab-Scania AB. When Saab-Scania was split in 1995, the name of the truck and bus division changed simply to Scania AB. One year later was Scania AB introduced on the stock exchange.

Many examples of Scania, Vabis and Scania-Vabis commercial and military vehicles can be seen at the Marcus Wallenberg-hallen (the Scania Museum) in Södertälje.

The two major stockholders of Scania are:

  • Volkswagen Group is Scania's biggest shareholder, with a 68.6% voting stake in Scania. It gained this by first buying Volvo's stake in 2000, after the latter's aborted takeover attempt, increasing it to 36.4% in 2007, and then buying the remainder from Investor AB in March 2008. The deal was approved by regulatory bodies in July 2008. Scania AB then became the ninth brand in the Volkswagen Group.
  • MAN AG holds a 17.01% voting stake in Scania. Notably Volkswagen also owns a 29.9% voting stake in MAN, acquired in 2007.

Aborted Volvo takeover

On 7 August 1999, Volvo announced it had agreed to acquire a majority share in Scania. Volvo was to buy the 49.3% stake in Scania that was owned by Investor AB, Scania's main shareholder. The acquisition, for $7.5 billion (60.7 billion SEK), would have created the world's second-largest manufacturer of heavy trucks, behind DaimlerChrysler. The cash for the deal came from Volvo selling its car division to Ford in January 1999.

The deal eventually failed, after the European Union had disapproved of the affair, saying it would create a company with almost 100% market share in the Nordic markets.

Aborted MAN takeover

In September 2006, the German truckmaker MAN AG launched a €10.3bn hostile offer to acquire Scania AB. Scania's CEO Leif Östling was forced to apologise for comparing the bid of MAN to a "Blitzkrieg". MAN AG later dropped its hostile offer, but in January 2008 MAN increased their voting rights in Scania up to 17%.

Scania develops, manufactures and sells trucks with a gross vehicle weight of more than 16 tonnes (Class 8), intended for long-distance haulage, regional and local distribution of goods as well as construction haulage.

Scania’s bus range is concentrated on bus chassis, intended for use in tourist coaches as well as urban and intercity traffic.

Scania’s industrial and marine engines are used in generator sets and in earthmoving and agricultural machinery, as well as on board ships and pleasure crafts.


Scania history and history video

Scania was founded in 1891. Since then we have built and delivered more than 1,400,000 trucks and buses for heavy transport work.

Today Scania is one of the world’s leading manufacturers of heavy trucks and buses. Industrial and Marine Engines is another important business area. Unlike our competitors, we have systematically concentrated our resources in the heavy transport segment.

Even during periods of sagging markets for trucks, Scania has shown good earnings. For more than seven decades, Scania has reported a profit every year.

Eleven factories in five countries were in 2000 involved in the manufacture of Scania number 1,000,000.

In the rear view window

What is it that makes Scania the successful company it is today and who are the people behind its products? On a journey through the past, we meet the managers, inventors and workers who have contributed to Scania’s history.

The difference between being a truck- or bus driver today and a hundred years ago is enormous. At the beginning of the 20th century, truck drivers worked outdoors – there were no cabs at all. Roads were barely passable, and drivers mainly needed muscle power for loading and unloading as well as for manoeuvring their trucks on the road.”


Scania

Scania unveiled its first fully electric truck in 2020, underpinning its position as one of the leading companies in the commercial vehicle industry for alternative drive technologies.

The Swedish brand Scania follows its values “Customer first”, “Respect for the individual”, “Elimination of waste”, “Determination”, “Team Spirit” and “Integrity”. In rolling out its first fully electric truck, Scania underpinned its position as one of the leading companies in the commercial vehicle industry for alternative drive technologies in 2020. Scania’s E-Truck was designed for urban operation and has an electric range of up to 250 km. In the reporting year, Scania also presented a hybrid truck with an electric range of up to 60 km.

The new products will help Scania achieve its climate targets of reducing the carbon footprint from its business activities by 50% by 2025, and cutting emissions from Scania products by 20% in the same period. Vehicles with hydrogen technology are also playing their part: the Norwegian wholesaler ASKO is currently testing hydrogen-powered Scania trucks with fuel cell electric drives. To electrify its model range, Scania plans to invest well over SEK 1 billion in a battery assembly plant in Södertälje, Sweden, in the coming years. The plant, which will be built adjacent to the chassis assembly plant in Södertälje, is to assemble battery modules and packs tailored to Scania vehicles. To gain a firmer foothold in the Asian and especially the Chinese market, Scania is investing in a wholly owned truck production facility in Rugao in Jiangsu Province. Series production is scheduled to start in early 2022.

In the long term, the company also plans to step up its research and development activities in the world’s largest commercial vehicle market. The key figures presented in this chapter encompass Scania’s truck and bus, industrial and marine engine businesses. Orders received at the Scania brand increased by 4.7% year-on-year to 93 thousand vehicles in fiscal year 2020. The number of vehicles delivered worldwide fell to 72 (99) thousand due to the pandemic the number of buses delivered included in this figure declined to 5 (8) thousand units. Demand for services and replacement parts was also impacted by the Covid-19 pandemic, but the drop was comparatively smaller. New contracts signed at Scania Financial Services were also down on the prior-year figure, due mainly to lower unit sales. Scania manufactured 73 (97) thousand commercial vehicles in the past fiscal year, including 5 (8) thousand buses.


Watch the video: Scania 4 first factory original video - 1995 (September 2022).

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