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(ScStr: dp. 10,410; 1. 385'0"; b. 53'0"; dph. 30'; dr. 24'0"
(mean); s. 11 k.; cpl. 76; a. none)
While still under construction, the single-screw steel-hulled freighter Agwidale was acquired by the Navy from the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co., Newport News, Va. near the end of the first World War and assigned to the Naval Overseas Transportation service (NOTS). Commissioned at Newport News on 16 November 1918, Lt. Comdr. Maurice E Huntley, USNRF, in command, Agwidale shifted to the Chesapeake and Ohio (C&O) Piers at Norfolk on the 24th, and there took on board a cargo of motor tractors. On 4 December 1918 she sailed for the Virginia capes, and at 1300 that day sighted a disabled seaplane off her port bow.
Agwidale altered course accordingly, and reached the downed Curtiss HS-2L flying boat soon thereafter, maneuvering to take the plane in tow. She apparently then headed back toward Hampton Roads, with the plane—still occupied by its three-man crew— travelingin tow astern. Eventually, at 1512the subchaser SC-195 came alongside and relieved the freighter of the towing chores to take the plane back to Hampton Roads.
Two days later, having returned to an anchorage off the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Co., Agwidale set out for France, and reached La Pallice, en route to Rochefort, on 19 December. After discharging cargo at Rochefort, Agwidale, in ballast, set out for the United States on 29 January 1919. Mooring at Hoboken on the afternoon of 15 February, the cargoman cleared New York Harbor 10 days later, bound for Holland on her second and last voyage under the NOTS aegis
Agwidale reached Rotterdam via the British Isles on the afternoon of 12 March. She discharged her cargo over tee ensuing days, and, on the morning of the 21st, let go all lines and got underway to return to the tJnited States. She returned home without incident and tied up alongside Pier 15, Hoboken, shortly after noon on 4 April. Three days later, she received orders to prepare for decommissioning.
At noon on 11 April 1919, Agwidale was decommissioned and turned over to representatives of the United States Shipping Board, a civilian crew replacing a token Navy one the following afternoon. Agwidale retained her name for the rest of her days under American registry, which extended through the depression years and World War II. Initially operated by the Clyde Steamship Co., she later worked under the flag of the ClvdeMallory Line, and, still later, Agwilines Incorporated, until she was sold to Chinese interests in 1946 and renamed Wei Ming. Her subsequent fate is a mystery.
History of Agwidale - History
This is a complete list of all Newport News Shipbuilding production, listed in order by Newport News hull number. Small repair or overhaul jobs that were not assigned hull numbers are not included.
This list was compiled and is maintained by Andrew Toppan, using sources listed at the bottom of the document.
The first column is the Newport News hull number, followed by the vessel's name, the type/size/class of the vessel, the owner/customer for the vessel, the type of work done (new construction, overhaul, etc.), the date the vessel was delivered or commissioned, and the fate or status of the vessel. For ships that remain in existence the current name is listed in the status/fate column if no name is listed, the vessel retains its original name.
For US Navy vessels, the commissioning date is given for all others, the delivery date is given.
For conversions and reconditionings, the vessel's new name (at completion) is listed under "name", the original name and description are listed under "type", and the nature of the conversion is listed under "work type".
| Newport News Production Record |
|Hull||Name||Type/Descr.||Owner||Work Type||Delivered or Commissioned||Fate or Status|
|1||Dorothy||90' Harbor Tug||James Sheffield||New||30 Apr 1891||Preserved @ NNSB&DD|
|2||El Toro||90' Harbor Tug||Pacific Improvement Co. for Morgan Line||New||20 May 1891||Scrapped 1982|
|3||El Sud||El Sud Class 405' Freighter||Pacific Improvement Co. for Morgan Line||New||27 June 1892||Wrecked Sunk 15 Nov 1900|
|4||El Norte||El Sud Class 405' Freighter||Pacific Improvement Co. for Morgan Line||New||15 Sept 1892||Wrecked Sunk 4 Dec 1908|
|5||El Rio||El Sud Class 405' Freighter||Pacific Improvement Co. for Morgan Line||New||9 Feb 1892||Scrapped 1922|
|6||El Cid||El Sud Class 405' Freighter||Pacific Improvement Co. for Morgan Line||New||24 Aug 1893||Scrapped 1933|
|Nashville Class Gunboat||US Navy||New||19 Aug 1897||Barged 1920's Scrapped 1957|
|Wilmington Class Gunboat||US Navy||New||13 May 1897||Scuttled 1947|
|Wilmington Class Gunboat||US Navy||New||8 July 1897||Scrapped 1934|
|10||Twin City||Ferry||Unknown||New |
|15 Mar 1894||Unknown|
|11||Louisiana||349' Freighter||Unknown||New |
|12||John H. Estill||130' Pilot Tug||Savannah Pilots Association||New||25 Nov 1894||Scrapped 1952|
|13||Albert F. Dewey||95' Harbor Tug||Albert F. Dewey||New||15 Apr 1895||Unknown Last reported 1941|
|14||Newport News||247' Bay Passenger Steamer||Norfolk & Washington Steamboat Co.||New||15 June 1895||Burned 26 Jan 1924 Scrapped|
|15||La Grande Duchesse||404' Passenger Steamer||Plant Investment Co.||New||Completed 11/1896 delivered 9 Apr 1898||Torpedoed 2 June 1918|
|16||Creole||375' Passenger Steamer||Cromwell Steamship Co.||New||5 Dec 1896||Scrapped 1930|
|17||Sommers N. Smith||118' Pilot Tug||Pilots' Benevolent Association||New||14 Sept 1896||Scrapped 1937|
|Kearsarge Class Battleship||US Navy||New||20 Feb 1900||Scrapped 1955|
|Kearsarge Class Battleship||US Navy||New||15 May 1900||Scrapped 1923|
|20||Margaret||182' Coastal Passenger Steamer||Plant Investment Co.||New||14 Oct 1896||Sunk 12 Mar 1924|
|Illinois Class Battleship||US Navy||New||16 Sept 1901||Scrapped 1956|
|22||El Sud||El Sud Class 405' Freighter||Southern Pacific Co. for Morgan Line||New||26 July 1899||Scrapped 1935|
|23||El Norte||El Sud Class 405' Freighter||Southern Pacific Co. for Morgan Line||New||14 Sept 1899||Scrapped 1934|
|24||El Rio||El Sud Class 405' Freighter||Southern Pacific Co. for Morgan Line||New||19 Oct 1899||Collision 13 Jan 1945|
|Maine Class Battleship||US Navy||New||1 Dec 1903||Scrapped 1922|
|Arkansas Class Harbor Defense Monitor||US Navy||New||28 Oct 1902||Scrapped 1922|
|27||El Cid||El Sud Class 405' Freighter||Southern Pacific Co. for Morgan Line||New||16 Dec 1899||Scrapped 1934|
|28||Comus||405' Passenger Steamer||Cromwell Steamship Co.||New||28 Apr 1900||Scrapped 1934|
|29||Proteus||405' Passenger Steamer||Cromwell Steamship Co.||New||6 June 1900||Collision 18 Aug 1918|
|30||El Amigo||100' Harbor Tug||Southern Pacific Co. for Morgan Line||New||9 Sept 1899||Collision 2 Oct 1948 Scrapped 1950|
|31||Korea||571' Passenger Steamer||Pacific Mail Steamship Co.||New||17 June 1902||Scrapped 1934|
|32||Siberia||571' Passenger Steamer||Pacific Mail Steamship Co.||New||19 Nov 1902||Scrapped 1934|
|33||--||Drydock Caisson - Dock#2||Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co.||New||circa 1901||Discarded 1959|
|34||El Valle||El Sud Class 405' Freighter||Southern Pacific Co. for Morgan Line||New||5 June 1901||Scrapped 1951|
|35||El Dia||El Sud Class 405' Freighter||Southern Pacific Co. for Morgan Line||New||15 Sept 1901||Scrapped 1953|
|36||El Siglo||El Sud Class 405' Freighter||Southern Pacific Co. for Morgan Line||New||30 Nov 1901||Scrapped 1934|
|37||El Alba||El Sud Class 405' Freighter||Southern Pacific Co. for Morgan Line||New||29 Jan 1902||Scrapped 1934|
|38||West Virginia |
|Pennsylvania Class Armored Cruiser||US Navy||New||23 Feb 1905||Scrapped 1930|
|Pennsylvania Class Armored Cruiser||US Navy||New||18 Apr 1905||Scrapped 1930|
|Virginia Class Battleship||US Navy||New||7 May 1906||Target 5 Sept 1923|
|St. Louis Class Protected Cruiser||US Navy||New||17 Oct 1905||Scrapped 1930|
|42||Monroe||366' Passenger Steamer||Old Dominion Steamship Co.||New||3 Apr 1903||Collision 30 Jan 1914|
|43||Francis H. Leggett||258' Lumber Freighter||Hammond Lumber Co.||New||21 Apr 1903||Storm Loss 18 Sept 1914|
|44||W.S. Porter||399' Tanker||Saginaw Oil Co./Associated Oil Co.||New||1 Nov 1906||War Loss 8/1944|
|Connecticut Class Battleship||US Navy||New||2 June 1906||Scrapped 1924|
|Connecticut Class Battleship||US Navy||New||9 Mar 1907||Scrapped 1924|
|47||Scranton||231' Harbor Ferry||Hoboken Ferry Co.||New||31 Jan 1905||Storm Loss 1968 Scrapped|
|48||Elmira||231' Harbor Ferry||Hoboken Ferry Co.||New||24 Jan 1905||Scrapped 1983|
|49||Binghamton||231' Harbor Ferry||Hoboken Ferry Co.||New||25 Mar 1905||Restaurant, Edgewater, NJ|
|50||Scandinavia||231' Harbor Ferry||Hoboken Ferry Co.||New||24 Apr 1905||Abandoned 1967 Scrapped circa 1980|
( Bychock )
|73' Submarine||Lake Torpedo Boat Co. for Russian Navy||New||17 Oct 1904||Scrapped 1913|
( Kefal' )
|73' Submarine||Lake Torpedo Boat Co. for Russian Navy||New||17 Oct 1904||Scrapped 1913|
|53||Simon Lake X |
( Sig )
|73' Submarine||Lake Torpedo Boat Co. for Russian Navy||New||23 Feb 1905||Scrapped 1915|
|73' Submarine||Lake Torpedo Boat Co. for Russian Navy||New||2 Jan 1905||Scrapped 1913|
|73' Submarine||Lake Torpedo Boat Co. for Russian Navy||New||2 Jan 1905||Scrapped 1913|
|56||Simon Lake XV||85' Submarine||Lake Torpedo Boat Co. for Russian Navy||New||27 Feb 1906||Unknown|
|57||North Carolina |
|Tennessee Class Armored Cruiser||US Navy||New||7 May 1908||Scrapped 1931|
|Tennessee Class Armored Cruiser||US Navy||New||21 July 1908||Scrapped 1935|
|59||Buffalo||Lighter||Delaware, Lackawanna & Western RR||New||1905||Unknown|
|60||Syracuse||Lighter||Delaware, Lackawanna & Western RR||New||1905||Unknown|
|61||Jamestown||262' Bay Passenger Steamer||Norfolk & Washington Steamboat Co.||New||20 June 1906||Barged 1930 Fate Unknown|
|62||Ithaca||232' Harbor Ferry||Delware, Lackawanna & Western RR||New||9 Sept 1906||Burned 11 Aug 1945 Scrapped|
|63||--||Drydock Caisson - Dock#3||Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co.||New||circa 1908||Discarded 1967|
|64||Sun||405' Tanker||Sun Co.||New||8 Apr 1907||War Loss 1943|
|65||Brazos||416' Passenger Steamer||New York & Texas Steamship Co.||New||6 Nov 1907||Scrapped 1934|
|66||--||Car Float||Delaware, Lackawanna & Western RR||New||1907||Unknown|
|67||--||Car Float||Delaware, Lackawanna & Western RR||New||1907||Unknown|
|68||--||Car Float||Delaware, Lackawanna & Western RR||New||1907||Unknown|
|75||--||Dump Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1907||Unknown|
|70||--||Dump Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1907||Unknown|
|71||--||Dump Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1907||Unknown|
|72||--||Dump Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1907||Unknown|
|73||--||Dump Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1907||Unknown|
|74||--||Dump Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1907||Unknown|
|75||Cayo Piedra||125' Dipper Dredge||American Locomotive Co. for Republic of Cuba||New||3 Apr 1907||Unknown|
|77||--||Car Float||New York, New Haven & Hartford RR||New||1907||Unknown|
|78||--||Car Float||New York, New Haven & Hartford RR||New||1907||Unknown|
|79||George W. Fenwick||295' Lumber Freighter||Hammond Lumber Co.||New||28 Jan 1908||Torpedoed 6 June 1942|
|80||Nann Smith||295' Lumber Freighter||C.A. Smith Timber Co.||New||12 Dec 1907||War Loss 1917|
|81||Lurine||437' Passenger/Freight Steamer||Matson Navigation Co.||New||18 Mar 1908||Scrapped 1953|
|82||Texas||413' Tanker||Texas Co.||New||18 July 1908||Wrecked 20 Nov 1927|
|83||Corning||101' Harbor Tug||Delaware, Lackawanna & Western RR||New||18 Mar 1908||Extant 1980's ( Bisso ) Probably Scrapped 1986|
|84||Bath||101' Harbor Tug||Delaware, Lackawanna & Western RR||New||9 Apr 1908||In Service|
|85||Seneca||204' Cutter||US Revenue Cutter Service||New||6 Nov 1908||Scrapped 1950|
|Delaware Class Battleship||US Navy||New||4 Apr 1910||Scrapped 1924|
|87||Clatsop||183' Suction Dredge||US War Department for Army Corps of Engineers||New||2 Sept 1908||Scrapped 1961|
|88||Achushnet||152' Patrol Tug||US Revenue Cutter Service||New||6 Nov 1808||Scrapped 1946|
|89||--||Rock Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1908||Unknown|
|90||--||Rock Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1908||Unknown|
|91||--||Rock Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1908||Unknown|
|92||--||Rock Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1908||Unknown|
|93||--||Rock Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1908||Unknown|
|94||--||Rock Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1908||Unknown|
|95||--||Rock Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1908||Unknown|
|96||--||Rock Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1908||Unknown|
|97||--||Rock Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1908||Unknown|
|98||--||Rock Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1908||Unknown|
|99||--||Rock Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1908||Unknown|
|100||--||Rock Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1908||Unknown|
|101||--||Rock Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1908||Unknown|
|102||--||Rock Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1908||Unknown|
|103||--||Rock Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1908||Unknown|
|104||--||Rock Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1908||Unknown|
|105||--||Rock Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1908||Unknown|
|106||--||Rock Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1908||Unknown|
|107||Southland||305' Bay Passenger Steamer||Norfolk & Washington Steamboat Co.||New||15 Feb 1909||Probably Scrapped 1955|
|108||--||Rock Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1908||Unknown|
|109||--||Rock Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1908||Unknown|
|110||--||Dump Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1908||Unknown|
|111||--||Dump Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1908||Unknown|
|112||--||Dump Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1908||Unknown|
|113||--||Dump Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1908||Unknown|
|114||Joseph Henry||167' Cable Layer||US War Department for US Army Signal Corps||New||31 Mar 1909||Preserved @ Piraeus, Greece ( Thalis O. Milissos )|
|Roe Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||17 Sept 1910||Scrapped 1934|
|Roe Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||18 Oct 1910||Scrapped 1934|
|117||Jean||Jean Class 328' Freighter||A.H. Bull & Co.||New||2 Aug 1909||Scrapped 1954|
|118||John Twohy, Jr.||103' Harbor Tug||Twohy Tow Boat Co. (Lambert's Point Tow Boat Co.)||New||15 May 1909||Scrapped 1970|
(SS 19 1/2)
|G-1 Class Submarine||Lake Torpedo Boat Co. for US Navy||New||29 July 1911||Target 21 June 1921|
|G-1 Class Submarine||Lake Torpedo Boat Co. for US Navy||New||15 May 1912||Sunk 30 July 1919|
|121||Wilhelmina||451' Passenger/Freight Steamer||Matson Navigation Co.||New||7 Dec 1909||Torpedoed 2 Dec 1940|
|122||--||Tank Barge||Standard Oil Co.||New||1909||Unknown|
|123||--||Tank Barge||Standard Oil Co.||New||1909||Unknown|
|123||--||Tank Barge||Standard Oil Co.||New||1909||Unknown|
|125||Bear||380' Passenger Steamer||Union Pacific RR||New||23 Jan 1910||Wrecked 14 June 1911|
|126||Beaver||380' Passenger Steamer||Union Pacific RR||New||13 Nov 1910||Scrapped 1952|
|127||City of Montgomery||397' Passenger Steamer||Ocean Steamship Co. (Savannah Line)||New||25 May 1910||Scrapped 1947|
|128||City of St. Louis||397' Passenger Steamer||Ocean Steamship Co. (Savannah Line)||New||15 June 1910||Scrapped 1946|
|129||J.A. Chanslor||400' Tanker||Associated Oil Co.||New||24 Mar 1910||Wrecked & Sunk 19 Dec 1919|
|130||El Sol||El Sol Class 430' Freighter||Southern Pacific Co. for Atlantic Steamship Lines||New||20 Aug 1910||Collision 11 Mar 1927 Scrapped|
|131||El Mundo||El Sol Class 430' Freighter||Southern Pacific Co. for Atlantic Steamship Lines||New||25 Sept 1910||Scrapped 1947|
|132||El Oriente||El Sol Class 430' Freighter||Southern Pacific Co. for Atlantic Steamship Lines||New||24 Oct 1910||Scrapped 1947|
|133||El Occidente||El Sol Class 430' Freighter||Southern Pacific Co. for Atlantic Steamship Lines||New||2 Dec 1910||War Loss 13 Apr 1942|
|Monaghan Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||21 June 1911||Scrapped 1934|
|135||Ruth||Jean Class 328' Freighter||A.H. Bull & Co.||New||8 Aug 1910||Scrapped 1933|
|136||Madison||373' Passenger Steamer||Old Dominion Steamship Co.||New||31 Jan 1911||Scrapped 1947|
|137||--||Rock Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1910||Unknown|
|138||--||Rock Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1910||Unknown|
|139||--||Rock Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1910||Unknown|
|140||--||Rock Barge||Istbmian Canal Commission||New||1910||Unknown|
|141||Wm. F. Herrin||400' Tanker||Associated Oil Co.||New||20 Mar 1911||Scrapped 1950|
|142||Corozal||Corozal Class 347' Freighter||New York & Porto Rico Co.||New||19 Feb 1911||Probably Scrapped 1958|
|143||Montoso||Corozal Class 347' Freighter||New York & Porto Rico Co.||New||5 Mar 1911||Scrapped 1953|
|Monaghan Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||21 June 1912||Scrapped 1934|
|145||Isabela||Corozal Class 347' Freighter||New York & Porto Rico Co.||New||25 Aug 1911||War Loss 19 May 1942|
|146||Hilton||Jean Class 328' Freighter||A.H. Bull & Co.||New||8 July 1911||Barged 1935 Scrapped 1951|
|New York Class Battleship||US Navy||New||18 Dec 1912||Preserved @ Houston|
|148||--||Bridge Caisson||Penn Bridge Co.||New||29 Dec 1911||--|
|149||--||Dump Scow||Coastwise Dredging Co.||New||1911||Unknown|
|150||Carolina||130' River Passenger Steamer||Albemarle Steam Navigation Co.||New||4 Nov 1911||Scrapped circa 1974|
|151||Virginia||115' River Passenger Steamer||Albemarle Steam Navigation Co.||New||19 Nov 1911||Burned 1939 Barged 1941 Lost 4 Oct 1942|
|152||Miami||Miami Class Cutter||US Revenue Cutter Service||New||19 Aug 1912||Torpedoed 26 Sept 1918|
|153||Unalga||Miami Class Cutter||US Revenue Cutter Service||New||23 May 1912||Scrapped 1946|
|Proteus Class Fleet Collier||US Navy||New||9 July 1913||Lost 11/1941|
|Proteus Class Fleet Collier||US Navy||New||10 Sept 1913||Lost 10/1941|
|156||Evelyn||Jean Class 328' Freighter||A.H. Bull & Co.||New||11 June 1912||Scrapped 1946|
|157||Lenape||399' Passenger Steamer||Clyde Steamship Co.||New||18 Jan 1913||Burned 18 Nov 1925 Scrapped|
|158||Carolyn||Jean Class 328' Freighter||A.H. Bull & Co.||New||30 July 1912||Torpedoed 27 Mar 1942|
|159||Adeline Smith||310' Lumber Freighter||C.A. Smith Timber Co.||New||27 Nov 1912||Scrapped 1947|
|160||C&O Float #1||Carfloat||Chesapeake & Ohio Ry. Co.||New||1912||Unknown|
|161||Peter H. Crowell||Jean Class 328' Freighter||Crowell & Thurlow Co.||New||21 Dec 1912||Scrapped 1939|
|162||Illinois||413' Tanker||Texas Co.||New||17 May 1913||Torpedoed 8 Mar 1917|
|163||Lorenzo||Corozal Class 347' Freighter||New York & Porto Rico Co.||New||19 Feb 1913||Torpedoed 8 June 1918|
|164||Ammunition Lighter #24||Ammunition Lighter||US Navy||New||1912||Unknown|
|165||Tamesi||Tank Barge||Southern Pacific Co.||New||1913||Unknown|
|166||Matsonia||501' Passenger Steamer||Matson Navigation Co.||New||6 Nov 1913||Scrapped 1957|
|167||Topila||Topila Class 395' Tanker||East Coast Oil Co. (Southern Pacific Co.)||New||22 July 1913||Scrapped 1950|
|168||Manoa||446' Passenger/Freight Steamer||Matson Navigation Co.||New||13 Dec 1913||Extant 1985 as a Repair Hulk @ Vladivostock|
|169||Lewis K. Thurlow||Jean Class 328' Freighter||Crowell & Thurlow Co.||New||14 Nov 1913||Barged 1937 Scrapped 1951|
|170||John D. Archbold||Archbold Class 474' Tanker||Standard Oil Co.||New||17 Mar 1914||Torpedoed 16 June 1917|
|Pennsylvania Class Battleship||US Navy||New||12 June 1916||Target 10 Feb 1948|
|172||Carolina||404' Passenger Steamer||New York & Porto Rico Co.||Re-engine & Recondition||1 Mar 1914||Torpedoed 2 June 1918|
|173||Oil Barge #5||Tank Barge||US Navy||New||1914||Unknown|
|174||Oil Barge #6||Tank Barge||US Navy||New||1914||Unknown|
|175||Neches||420' Freighter||Mallory Steamship Co.||New||20 Aug 1914||Collision 1918|
|176||Medina||420' Freighter||Mallory Steamship Co.||New||29 Sept 1914||In Service ( Doulos )|
|177||John D. Rockefeller||Archbold Class 474' Tanker||Standard Oil Co.||New||11 Sept 1914||Scrapped 1954|
|178||--||Dump Scow||Dunbar & Sullivan Dredging Co.||New||1914||Unknown|
|179||--||Dump Scow||Dunbar & Sullivan Dredging Co.||New||1914||Unknown|
|180||--||Dump Scow||Dunbar & Sullivan Dredging Co.||New||1914||Unknown|
|181||--||Dump Scow||Dunbar & Sullivan Dredging Co.||New||1914||Unknown|
|182||Edward Pierce||Pierce Class 375' Collier||Crowell & Thurlow Co.||New||6 Nov 1914||Scrapped 1949|
|183||Ossipee||Ossippe Class Cutter||US Coast Guard||New||28 July 1915||Scrapped 1949|
|184||Tallapoosa||Ossippe Class Cutter||US Coast Guard||New||12 Aug 1915||Unknown Last Reported circa 1993 ( Santa Maria )|
|New Mexico Class Battleship||US Navy||New||18 Dec 1917||Scrapped 1957|
|186||Charles Pratt||Pratt Class 516' Tanker||Standard Oil Co. of NJ||New||18 Mar 1916||Torpedoed 22 Dec 1940|
|187||H.H. Rogers||Pratt Class 516' Tanker||Standard Oil Co. of NJ||New||25 May 1916||Torpedoed 21 Feb 1943|
|188||Mariana||Corozal Class 347' Freighter||New York & Porto Rico Co.||New||3 July 1915||War Loss 6 Mar 1942|
|189||Walter D. Noyes||Pierce Class 375' Collier||Crowell & Thurlow Co.||New||29 July 1915||Barged 1949 Scrapped 1951|
|190||Edgar F. Luckenbach||442' Freighter||Luckenbach Steamship Co.||New||10 May 1916||Collision 21 July 1939 Scrapped|
|191||Antwerpen||Archbold Class 474' Tanker||American Petroleum Co./Standard Oil Co. of NJ||New||24 Aug 1916||War Loss 12 Sept 1916|
|192||Stephen R. Jones||Pierce Class 375' Collier||Crowell & Thurlow Co.||New||11 Nov 1915||Wrecked 28 June 1942 Demolished|
|193||Henry R. Mallory||440' Passenger/Freight Steamer||Mallory Steamship Co.||New||21 Oct 1916||Torpedoed 7 Feb 1943|
|194||Munalbro||Pierce Class 375' Collier||Munson Steamship Co.||New||25 May 1916||Barged 1948 Scrapped 1954|
|195||Standard||545' Tanker||Standard Oil Co. of NJ||Recondition & Modify||18 Feb 1916||Scrapped 1954|
|196||Wm. G. Warden||Pratt Class 516' Tanker||Standard Oil Co. of NJ||New||2 Feb 1917||Scrapped 1947|
|197||F.Q. Barstow||Pratt Class 516' Tanker||Standard Oil Co. of NJ||New||12 Apr 1917||Scrapped 1946|
|198||William A. McKenney||410' Freighter||Crowell & Thurlow Co.||New||29 Nov 1916||Torpedoed 4 Oct 1942|
|199||Felix Taussig||410' Freighter||Crowell & Thurlow Co.||New||14 Feb 1917||Scrapped 1954|
|200||Mundelta||Mundelta Class 385' Freighter||Munson Steamship Co.||New||18 Apr 1917||Probable War Loss 9/1944|
|201||O.B. Jennings||Pratt Class 516' Tanker||Standard Oil Co. of NJ||New||31 Oct 1917||Torpedoed 4 Aug 1918|
|202||Torres||Topila Class 395' Tanker||Southern Pacific Co.||New||28 June 1917||Scrapped 1950|
|203||El Almirante||380' Freighter||Southern Pacific Co.||New||2 August 1917||Collision & Storm Loss 20 Apr 1943|
|204||El Capitan||380' Freighter||Southern Pacific Co.||New||20 Sept 1917||Bombed 9-10 July 1942|
|205||J.C. Donnell||Pratt Class 516' Tanker||Atlantic Refining Co.||New||21 Jan 1918||Scrapped 1947|
|206||Munindies||Mundelta Class 385' Freighter||Munson Steamship Co.||New||7 Dec 1917||Mined 11/1939|
|207||Munaires||Mundelta Class 385' Freighter||Munson Steamship Co.||New||22 Jan 1918||Torpedoed 28 Sept 1942|
|208||H.M. Flagler||Flagler Class 478' Tanker||Standard Oil Co. of NJ||New||17 July 1918||Scrapped 1949|
|209||F.D. Asche||Flagler Class 478' Tanker||Standard Oil Co. of NJ||New||10 Dec 1918||Scrapped 1959|
|Colorado Class Battleship||US Navy||New||21 July 1921||Scrapped 1959|
|211||West Virginia||Colorado Class Battleship||US Navy||New||1 Dec 1923||Scrapped 1961|
|212||Agwidale||Mundelta Class 385' Freighter||Atlantic, Gulf, & West Indies Co.||New||16 Nov 1918||Scrapped 1960|
|213||Agwistar||Mundelta Class 385' Freighter||Atlantic, Gulf, & West Indies Co.||New||17 Feb 1919||Scrapped 1953|
|214||--||398' Freighter||Ocean Steamship Co.||New||--||Cancelled|
|Lexington Class Battlecruiser||US Navy||New||--||Cancelled 17 Aug 1923|
|Lexington Class Battlecruiser||US Navy||New||--||Cancelled 17 Aug 1923|
|Wickes Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||22 Aug 1918||Scrapped 1947|
|Wickes Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||5 Apr 1918||Scuttled 1936|
|Wickes Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||26 July 1918||Scrapped 1946|
|Wickes Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||23 Oct 1918||Scrapped 1946|
|Wickes Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||29 Nov 1918||Bombed 18 Feb 1945 Scuttled 16 July 1945|
|Wickes Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||15 Feb 1919||Scrapped 1946|
|Wickes Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||8 June 1918||Torpedoed 19 Aug 1941|
|Wickes Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||25 Apr 1919||Scrapped 1949|
|Wickes Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||7 June 1919||Scrapped 1945|
|Wickes Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||19 July 1919||Scrapped 1945|
|Wickes Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||27 Aug 1919||Scrapped 1945|
|Clemson Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||29 Dec 1919||Scrapped 1946|
|Clemson Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||6 Jan 1920||Scrapped 1946|
|Clemson Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||26 Jan 1920||Scrapped 1946|
|Clemson Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||21 Feb 1920||Scrapped 1947|
|Clemson Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||23 Dec 1919||Torpedoed 31 Jan 1942|
|Clemson Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||28 Feb 1920||Torpedoed 18 Oct 1941|
|Clemson Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||13 Mar 1920||Scrapped 1922|
|235||Abel P. Upshur |
|Clemson Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||23 Nov 1920||Scrapped 1945|
|Clemson Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||30 Sept 1920||Scrapped 1945|
|237||Welborn C. Wood |
|Clemson Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||14 Jan 1921||Scrapped 1947|
|238||George E. Badger |
|Clemson Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||23 July 1920||Scrapped 1946|
|Clemson Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||26 July 1920||Torpedoed 11 Apr 1943|
|Clemson Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||14 Sept 1920||Torpedoed 16 Jan 1945|
|Clemson Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||29 Oct 1920||Scrapped 1945|
|242||DD 200||Clemson Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||--||Cancelled 3 Feb 1919|
|243||DD 201||Clemson Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||--||Cancelled 3 Feb 1919|
|244||DD 202||Clemson Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||--||Cancelled 3 Feb 1919|
|245||DD 203||Clemson Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||--||Cancelled 3 Feb 1919|
|246||DD 204||Clemson Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||--||Cancelled 3 Feb 1919|
|247||DD 205||Clemson Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||--||Cancelled 3 Feb 1919|
|Patoka Class 478' Tanker||Emergency Fleet Corp. for US Navy||New||3 Sept 1919||Scrapped 1948|
|Patoka Class 478' Tanker||Emergency Fleet Corp. for US Navy||New||22 Oct 1919||Scrapped 1954|
|Patoka Class 478' Tanker||Emergency Fleet Corp. for US Navy||New||26 Nov 1919||Scrapped 1947|
|Patoka Class 478' Tanker||Emergency Fleet Corp. for US Navy||New||13 May 1920||Scrapped 1960|
|Patoka Class 478' Tanker||Emergency Fleet Corp. for US Navy||New||30 Jan 1920||Scrapped 1946|
|Patoka Class 478' Tanker||Emergency Fleet Corp. for US Navy||New||27 May 1920||Scrapped 1947|
|Patoka Class 478' Tanker||Emergency Fleet Corp. for US Navy||New||4 Aug 1920||Scrapped 1947|
|Patoka Class 478' Tanker||Emergency Fleet Corp. for US Navy||New||4 Sept 1920||Scrapped 1954|
|256||Golden State||535' Passenger/Freight Liner||Emergency Fleet Corp. for Pacific Steamship Co.||New||1 Feb 1921||Torpedoed 12 Nov 1942|
|257||Silver State||535' Passenger/Freight Liner||Emergency Fleet Corp. for Pacific Steamship Co.||New||16 May 1921||Scrapped 1948|
|South Dakota Class Battleship||US Navy||New||--||Cancelled 17 Aug 1923|
|259||Agwistone||Pratt Class 516' Tanker||Atlantic, Gulf, & West Indies Co.||New||26 July 1922||Scrapped 1949|
|260||Agwismith||Pratt Class 516' Tanker||Atlantic, Gulf, & West Indies Co.||New||26 July 1922||Scrapped 1954|
|261||John D. Archbold||572' Tanker||Standard Oil Co. of NJ||New||24 Sept 1921||Scrapped 1962|
|261||Wm. Rockefeller||572' Tanker||Standard Oil Co. of NJ||New||9 Nov 1921||Torpedoed 28 June 1942|
|263||Dolphin||181' Yacht||Mortimer L. Schiff||New||2 June 1922||Wrecked 24 May 1960|
|264||Leviathan||950' Troopship||United States Lines||Reconversion to Passenger Liner||16 May 1923||Scrapped 1938|
|265||Ohio||172' Yacht||Edward W. Scripps||New||16 Nov 1922||Wrecked 1953|
|266||City of Chattanooga||401' Passenger Steamer||Ocean Steamship Co. (Savannah Line)||New||28 Sept 1923||Scrapped 1948|
|267||City of Birmingham||401' Passenger Steamer||Ocean Steamship Co. (Savannah Line)||New||3 Nov 1923||Torpedoed 30 June 1942|
|268||U.S.E.D. No. 27||Dump Scow||US War Department||New||1924||Unknown|
|269||U.S.E.D. No. 28||Dump Scow||US War Department||New||1924||Unknown|
|270||U.S.E.D. No. 29||Dump Scow||US War Department||New||1924||Unknown|
|271||U.S.E.D. No. 30||Dump Scow||US War Department||New||1924||Unknown|
|272||Republic||615' Troopship||United States Lines||Reconversion to Passenger Liner||11 Apr 1924||Scrapped 1952|
|273||J.H. Senior||220' Powered Tank Barge||Standard Oil Co. of NJ||New||23 Feb 1924||Hulked 1960's Scrapped 1973|
|274||Cherokee||Cherokee Class 402' Passenger Steamer||Clyde Steamship Co.||New||17 June 1925||Torpedoed 15 June 1942|
|275||Seminole||Cherokee Class 402' Passenger Steamer||Clyde Steamship Co.||New||19 Aug 1925||Scrapped 1952|
|276||George Washington||276' Passenger Steamer||Old Dominion Line||New||16 Nov 1924||Scrapped 1955|
|277||Robert E. Lee||276' Passenger Steamer||Old Dominion Line||New||17 Jan 1925||Torpedoed 30 June 1942|
|278||H.T. Co. No. 1||Coal Barge||Newport News & Hampton Roads Gas & Electric Co.||New||1924||Unknown|
|279||H.T. Co. No. 2||Coal Barge||Newport News & Hampton Roads Gas & Electric Co.||New||1924||Unknown|
|280||Coamo||429' Passenger Steamer||New York & Porto Rico Co.||New||22 Dec 1925||Torpedoed 9 Dec 1942|
|281||Nenemoosha||130' Yacht||Alfred I. DuPont||New||15 Feb 1925||Unknown Last Reported 1950's|
|282||Norfolk||162' Hydraulic Dredge Barge||Atlantic Gulf & Pacific Co.||New||1 June 1925||Unknown Last Reported 1946|
|283||C&O Barge No. 1||Freight Barge||Chesapeake & Ohio Ry. Co.||New||1925||Unknown|
|284||C&O Barge No. 2||Freight Barge||Chesapeake & Ohio Ry. Co.||New||1925||Unknown|
|285||U.S.E.D. No. 13||Barge (Hull Only)||US War Department||New |
|286||U.S.E.D. No. 14||Barge (Hull Only)||US War Department||New |
|287||Mohawk||Cherokee Class 402' Passenger Steamer||Clyde Steamship Co.||New||1 Feb 1926||Collision 24 Jan 1935|
|288||Chatham||368' Passenger Steamer||Merchant & Miners Transportation Co.||New||17 May 1926||Torpedoed 25 Aug 1942|
|289||Dorchester||368' Passenger Steamer||Merchant & Miners Transportation Co.||New||17 July 1925||Torpedoed 3 Feb 1943|
|290||Fairfax||368' Passenger Steamer||Merchant & Miners Transportation Co.||New||4 Sept 1926||Scrapped 1957|
|291||25-1||Barge (Hull Only)||US War Department||New |
|292||Raymond||177' Hydraulic Dredge||US War Department for Army Corps of Engineers||New||5 Sept 1926||Scrapped 1980|
|293||Pawnee||160' Yacht||Harry P. Bingham||New||15 Jan 1926||Extant 1980's @ Bahamas ( Andro )|
|294||P.R.R. No. 18||105' Harbor Tug |
|Pennsylvania RR Co.||New |
|11 Nov 1925||Scrapped 1970|
|295||P.R.R. No. 26||105' Harbor Tug |
|Pennsylvania RR Co.||New |
|19 Nov 1925||Scuttled 1982|
|296||--||Tank Barge||Arundel Corp.||New||1925||Unknown|
|297||--||Tank Barge||Arundel Corp.||New||1925||Unknown|
|298||--||Tank Barge||Arundel Corp.||New||1925||Unknown|
|299||--||80' Hydraulic Dredge Barge (Hull Only)||R.B. Knox for Duluth Superior Dredging Co. and Florida & Southern Dreding Co.||New |
|4 Sept 1925||Unknown|
|300||P.R.R. No. 804||Grain Barge||Pennsylvania RR Co.||New||1925||Unknown|
|301||P.R.R. No. 805||Grain Barge||Pennsylvania RR Co.||New||1925||Unknown|
|302||No. 825||Barge||US War Department||New||1925||Unknown|
|303||Savarona||185' Yacht||Richard M. Cadwalader||New||1 Oct 1926||Scuttled 4/1968|
|304||Arcadia||188' Yacht||Galen L. Stone||New||1 Sept 1926||Scrapped 1969|
|305||Josephine||140' Yacht||E.S. Burke, Jr.||New||19 June 1926||Scrapped circa 1952|
|306||Iroquois||409' Passenger Steamer||Clyde Steamship Co.||New||18 Apr 1927||Scrapped 1981|
|307||Shawnee||409' Passenger Steamer||Clyde Steamship Co.||New||14 July 1927||Burned 9/1949 Scrapped|
|308||Aras||162' Yacht||Hugh J. Chisholm||New||11 June 1926||Burned 13 Dec 1930|
|309||--||Freight Barge||Chesapeake & Ohio Ry. Co.||New||1926||Unknown|
|310||--||Freight Barge||Chesapeake & Ohio Ry. Co.||New||1926||Unknown|
|311||--||Freight Barge||Chesapeake & Ohio Ry. Co.||New||1926||Unknown|
|312||--||Carfloat||Chesapeake & Ohio Ry. Co.||New||1926||Unknown|
|313||P.R.R. No. 15||80' Double-End Docking Tug |
|Pennsylvania RR Co.||New |
|30 May 1926||Scrapped 1972|
|314||P.R.R. No. 20||80' Double-End Docking Tug |
|Pennsylvania RR Co.||New |
|30 May 1926||Scrapped 1976|
|315||California||California Class 601' Passenger Liner||International Mercantile Marine||New||13 Jan 1928||Scrapped 1964|
|316||Robador||161' Yacht||Robert Law, Jr.||New||17 Aug 1926||Scrapped 1956|
|317||Algonquin||402' Passenger Steamer||Clyde Steamship Co.||New||10 Dec 1926||Scrapped 1956|
|318||Northland||217' Arctic Patrol Cutter||US Coast Guard||New||7 May 1927||Scrapped 1962|
|319||Caracas||336' Passenger Steamer||Red "D" Line||New||27 Aug 1927||Scrapped 1961|
|320||No. 9||Barge||US War Department||New||1927||Unknown|
|322||America||687' Passenger/Freight Liner||United States Lines||Repair & Recondition||3 March 1928||Scrapped 1957|
|Northampton Class Light Cruiser||US Navy||New||17 June 1930||War Loss 1 Mar 1942|
|Northampton Class Light Cruiser||US Navy||New||30 Jan 1931||Scrapped 1960|
|325||Yorktown||277' Bay Passenger Steamer||Cheasapeake Steamship Co.||New||17 May 1928||Torpedoed 26 Sept 1942|
|326||Virginia||California Class 601' Passenger Liner||International Mercantile Marine||New||26 Nov 1928||Scrapped 1964|
|327||W.J. Harahan||109' Harbor Tug||Chesapeake & Ohio Ry. Co.||New||26 Apr 1928||Extant ( Margaret M. McAllister )|
|328||Viking||272' Yacht||George F. Baker, Jr.||New||27 Aug 1929||Collision 6 Jan 1944|
|329||Pennsylvania||California Class 601' Passenger Liner||International Mercantile Marine||New||10 Oct 1929||Scrapped 1964|
|330||President Johnson||616' Passenger/Freight Liner||Dollar Line||Refit||19 Jan 1929||Scrapped 1952|
|331||City of Elwood||412' Freighter||US Shipping Board||Refit & Re-engine||12 June 1929||Scrapped 1946|
|332||Ward||412' Freighter||US Shipping Board||Refit & Re-engine||1 Aug 1929||Scrapped 1949|
|333||President Harrison||523' Passenger/Freight Liner||Dollar Line||Refit||29 Apr 1929||Torpedoed 12 Sept 1944|
|334||President Garfield||523' Passenger/Freight Liner||Dollar Line||Refit||13 July 1929||Scrapped 1948|
|335||C&O Ry. No. 3||Freight Barge||Chesapeake & Ohio Ry. Co.||New||1929||Unknown|
|336||C&O Ry. No. 4||Freight Barge||Chesapeake & Ohio Ry. Co.||New||1929||Unknown|
|337||Morro Castle||508' Passenger Liner||Ward Line||New||15 Aug 1930||Burned 8 Sept 1934 Scrapped|
|338||Oriente||508' Passenger Liner||Ward Line||New||21 Nov 1930||Scrapped 1957|
|339||President Hoover||654' Passenger Liner||Dollar Line||New||11 July 1931||Wrecked 10 Dec 1937|
|340||President Coolidge||654' Passenger Liner||Dollar Line||New||1 Oct 1931||Mined 25 Oct 1942|
|341||President Fillmore||616' Passenger/Freight Liner||Dollar Line||Refit||11 Jan 1930||Scrapped 1947|
|342||Florida||388' Passenger Steamer||Peninsular & Occidental Steamship Co.||New||20 May 1931||Scrapped 1969|
|343||Jacona||396' Freighter||New England Public Service Co.||Conversion to Generator Ship||7 Nov 1930||Unknown Extant 1970's @ Philippines|
|344||Talamanca||447' Refrigerated Cargo/Passenger Steamer||United Fruit Co.||New||12 Dec 1931||Scrapped 1965|
|345||Segovia||447' Refrigerated Cargo/Passenger Steamer||United Fruit Co.||New||--||Burned Incomplete 20 Dec 1931 Rebuilt Hull 354|
|346||Chiriqui||447' Refrigerated Cargo/Passenger Steamer||United Fruit Co.||New||18 Mar 1932||Scrapped 1971|
|347||Colombia||404' Passenger Steamer||Colombian Mail Steamship Co.||New||17 Nov 1932||Scrapped 1967|
|348||Haiti||404' Passenger Steamer||Colombian Mail Steamship Co.||New||15 Dec 1932||Scrapped 1968|
|350||Saint John||403' Passenger Steamer||Eastern Steamship Lines||New||22 Apr 1932||Scrapped 1959|
|351||Acadia||403' Passenger Steamer||Eastern Steamship Lines||New||7 June 1932||Scrapped 1955|
|352||--||402' Freighter||Eastern Steamship Lines||New||--||Cancelled|
|Ranger Class Light Aircraft Carrier||US Navy||New||4 June 1934||Scrapped 1947|
|354||Peten||447' Refrigerated Cargo/Passenger Steamer||United Fruit Co.||Reconstruction & Completion - Hull 345||24 Feb 1933||Scrapped 1969|
|355||Steel Barge No. 33||Tank Barge||Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co.||New||1932||Unknown|
|356||Huntington||109' Harbor Tug||Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co.||New||18 Nov 1933||Preserved @ Norfolk|
|357||Angelina||411' Freighter||A.H. Bull & Co.||New||25 Apr 1934||Torpedoed 17 Oct 1942|
|358||Manuela||411' Freighter||A.H. Bull & Co.||New||20 May 1934||Torpedoed 24 June 1942|
|Yorktown Class Aircraft Carrier||US Navy||New||30 Sept 1937||Torpedoed 7 June 1942|
|Yorktown Class Aircraft Carrier||US Navy||New||12 May 1938||Scrapped 1958|
|Brooklyn Class Light Cruiser||US Navy||New||12 Aug 1938||Scrapped 1983|
|362||St. Louis |
|Brooklyn Class Light Cruiser||US Navy||New||19 May 1939||Sunk 25 Aug 1980|
|Sims Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||15 Sept 1939||Target 18 Apr 1948|
|Sims Class Destroyer||US Navy||New||3 Nov 1939||Scrapped 1948|
|365||George W. Stevens||109' Harbor Tug||Chesapeake & Ohio Ry. Co.||New||14 Oct 1937||Extant 1980's|
|366||F.M. Whitaker||109' Harbor Tug||Chesapeake & Ohio Ry. Co.||New||29 Oct 1937||In Service ( Gladys B. )|
|367||Esso Delivery No. 11||260' Powered Tank Barge||Standard Oil Co. of NJ||New||8 Feb 1938||Scrapped 1953|
|368||Steel Barge No. 30||Scow||Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co.||New||1937||Unknown|
|369||America||723' Passenger Liner||United States Lines||New||2 July 1940||Wrecked 18 Jan 1994|
|370||Esso Richmond||553' Tanker||Standard Oil Co. of NJ||New||20 Apr 1940||Scrapped 1970|
|371||Esso Raleigh||553' Tanker||Standard Oil Co. of NJ||New||21 June 1940||Scrapped 1975|
|553' Tanker||Standard Oil Co. of NJ/US Navy||New||28 Apr 1941||Scrapped 1970|
|373||Nightingale||459' C2 Freighter||Maritime Administration for W.R. Grace & Co.||New||30 Oct 1939||Scrapped 1973|
|374||Stag Hound||459' C2 Freighter||Maritime Administration for W.R. Grace & Co.||New||4 Dec 1939||Scrapped 1975|
|375||Santa Ana||459' C2 Freighter||Maritime Administration for W.R. Grace & Co.||New||15 Feb 1940||Scrapped 1968|
|376||Santa Teresa||459' C2 Freighter||Maritime Administration for W.R. Grace & Co.||New||27 Mar 1940||Scrapped 1969|
|377||Uruguay||California Class 601' Passenger Liner||US Maritime Commission||Refit||2 Sept 1938||Scrapped 1964|
|South Dakota Class Battleship||US Navy||New||30 Apr 1942||Scrapped 1964|
|379||President Jackson||492' C3 Freighter||Maritime Administration for American President Lines||New||25 Oct 1940||Scrapped 1973|
|380||President Monroe||492' C3 Freighter||Maritime Administration for American President Lines||New||19 Dec 1940||Scrapped 1970|
|381||President Hayes||492' C3 Freighter||Maritime Administration for American President Lines||New||20 Feb 1941||Scrapped 1975|
|382||President Garfield||492' C3 Freighter||Maritime Administration for American President Lines||New||26 Mar 1941||Scrapped 1973|
|383||President Adams||492' C3 Freighter||Maritime Administration for American President Lines||New||19 Nov 1941||Scrapped 1973|
|384||President Van Buren||492' C3 Freighter||Maritime Administration for American President Lines||New||11 Sept 1941||Scrapped 1975|
|Yorktown Class Aircraft Carrier||US Navy||New||20 Oct 1941||Bombed & Torpedoed 26 Oct 1942|
|386||President Polk||492' C3 Freighter||Maritime Administration for American President Lines||New||28 June 1941||Scrapped 1970|
|387||Hawaiian Planter||490' C3 Freighter||Matson Navigation Co.||New||15 May 1941||Scrapped 1980|
|388||Hawaiian Packer||490' C3 Freighter||Matson Navigation Co.||New||16 June 1941||Scrapped 1984|
|389||Irenee Du Pont||459' C2 Freighter||International Freighting Corp. (Du Pont Co.)||New||1 Aug 1941||Torpedoed 17 Mar 1943|
|Cleveland Class Light Cruiser||US Navy||New||29 Jan 1943||Scrapped 1959|
|Cleveland Class Light Cruiser||US Navy||New||24 Mar 1943||Scrapped 1960|
|Essex Class Aircraft Carrier||US Navy||New||31 Dec 1942||Scrapped 1975|
|Essex Class Aircraft Carrier||US Navy||New||15 Apr 1943||Preserved @ Charleston, SC|
|Essex Class Aircraft Carrier||US Navy||New||16 Aug 1943||Preserved @ New York|
|Essex Class Aircraft Carrier||US Navy||New||29 Nov 1943||Preserved @ Alameda, CA|
|Essex Class Aircraft Carrier||US Navy||New||31 Jan 1944||Scrapped 1966|
|Essex Class Aircraft Carrier||US Navy||New||8 May 1944||Scrapped 1974|
|Essex Class Aircraft Carrier||US Navy||New||9 Oct 1944||Scrapped 1975|
|Cleveland Class Light Cruiser||US Navy||New||31 Aug 1943||Scrapped 1962|
Fox, William A. Always Good Ships: Histories of Newport News Ships . Donning Co., Norfolk, 1986.
Newport News Shipbuilding: The First Century . Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Newport News, 1986.
For National Defense . Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Newport News, 1941.
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships . Naval Historical Center, Washington, D.C., 1959-1991.
Special thanks to Phil Tuckey for additional information, and to everyone who has provided updated information about these ships.
A Brief History of Agile: A Mindset for Product Development
It is amazing to think that the Agile approach to developing products has been around in various forms for many years. Some would say the mindset can be found in the Scientific Method that Francis Bacon developed in the 1620’s. Agile has taken root as the defacto mindset to have when building a product with unknown customer needs and a need to discover ways to build it. Agile’s dominance comes after many years of failed products developed using a methodology that worked when the customer needs and knowledge of how to build it are well known. Rarely was this the case for the products being developed.
Below is a timeline of some major events that have helped lead us to the Agile mindset for product development. There are many more contributions, but I believe these are the major events:
- 1620 – Scientific Method from Francis Bacon
- Pose a question, gather information, form a hypothesis, test the hypothesis, and share knowledge. Sounds like an Agile mindset.
- This takes the Scientific Method and adds the “Act” component to enable integration of knowledge to form a cycle.
- A framework for conserving resources by eliminating waste. People who participate in the system learn to identify expenditures of material, effort and time that do not generate value for customers.
- Building off PDCA, Deming wanted to bring more attention to the fact that the “Study” phase was about analysis. He felt that “Check” emphasized inspection over analysis.
- His material was probably the first with a clear flavor of agile, light, and adaptive iteration with quick results. He stated that, “a complex system will be most successful if it is implemented in small steps and if each step has a clear measure of successful achievement as well as a “retreat” possibility to a previous successful step upon failure.“
- Approach cited in Software Metrics.
- Formalized and made prominent with a risk-driven iterations concept and the need to use a discrete step of risk assessment in each iteration. Higher risk items were worked on earlier than lower risk items.
- Presented a holistic approach taken by product developers within a few select companies with six characteristics: built-in instability, self-organizing project teams, overlapping development phases, “multilearning,” subtle control, and organizational transfer of learning.
- Approach to software development that put less emphasis on planning and more emphasis on an adaptive process. Prototypes are often used in addition to or sometimes even in place of design specifications.
- “A framework within which you can employ various processes and techniques. Scrum is grounded in empirical process control theory, employs an iterative, incremental approach to optimize predictability and control risk.” – Scrum Guide
- Emphasized communication, simplicity, testing, and sustainable developer-oriented practices. Advocates frequent “releases” in short development cycles, intended to improve productivity and introduce checkpoints at which new customer requirements can be adopted.
- 17 developers known as “organizational anarchists” met for 3 days in Snowbird, UT because they were successfully producing software in an iterative and incremental manner as opposed to using a waterfall methodology. They wanted to share their ideas that allowed their methods to work significantly better. They forged the Agile Manifesto with its 4 key values and 12 operating principles that captured the essence of their methods.
- A lean method to manage and improve work across human systems. This approach aims to manage work by balancing the demands with available capacity and improving the handling of system level bottlenecks.
As you can see, the application of an Agile mindset for developing products has been around for some time. While there may be passionate debates about the Agile mindset history, its roots extend far beyond Information Technology (IT) and will continue to grow into every function of every industry that wants to improve their innovation process.
Kanban project management in manufacturing
The Kanban management system was initially implemented with manufacturing in mind, but it has expanded to other sectors in the 21st century. Agile software developers naturally integrated Kanban to their methodologies, and corporate project managers quickly followed suit. Heavy adoption of data visualization has been a staple of modern enterprise, and this fits perfectly into the Kanban system.
Before delving into how agile project management can be enhanced by Kanban, it helps to review the principles of this system:
- The daily workflow must be visualized in such a way that it displays context. This is the “to-do” aspect.
- The work in progress must be balanced for the purpose of making the flow as even as possible. Depending on the project, this may require estimating when teams or individuals will complete tasks or reach milestones. This is the “doing” aspect.
- The workflow must be enhanced in a way that allows teams and individuals to work on the next most important task once the current one has been completed. This is the “done” aspect.
In addition to the above, project managers who choose Kanban as part of their agile methodology should communicate to their team members that improvement is meant to be a continuous goal. In other words, workflows can be upgraded by means of discussion when tasks are completed.
A brief history of agile methods
There is a common misconception that agile methods are just for smaller projects. While it’s obvious the falsity of this statement to anyone that actually did it properly, it’s also obvious when we check the origins of agile.
- 1930s — Walter Shewhart proposes a series of short “plan-do-study-act” (PDSA) cycles.
- 1950s — The X-15 hypersonic jet applied incremental and iterative development.
- 1958 — Project Mercury (NASA) software development, ran with half-day iterations.
“All of us, as far as I can remember, thought waterfalling of a huge project was rather stupid, or at least ignorant of the realities.”
— Weinberg G. M. (Project Mercury)
- 1972 — The USS “Trident” Ohio submarine command and control system, developed by IBM FSD. More than 1 million lines of code. Four 6 month iterations.
- 1972 — Army Site Defence missile tracking software. $100 million project, developed by TRW in 5 iterations.
- 1970s — Light Airborne Multipurpose System (US Navy). 45 one-month iterations.
“Every one of those deliveries was on time and under budget”
— Mills H.
“Software development should be done incrementally, in stages with continuous user participation and replanning and with design-to-cost programming within each stage.”
— Mills H. (1976)
- 1977-1980 — Space Shuttle (NASA) avionic software. 17 iterations over 31 months (8 weeks average).
- 1980s — Artificial intelligence researchers used Lisp machines and evolutionary prototyping.
- 1987 — Command and Control Processing and Display System Replacement, developed by TRW in 6 time-boxed iterations.
- 1980s — The DoD was experiencing a project failure rate of 75% in a sample of waterfall project of about $37 billion overall, where only 2% of them were used without extensive modification. At the end of 1987 the DoD changed its policies to allow iterative development.
- 1994 — The DoD was still victim of the waterfall mindset, developing too much using waterfall and so Paul Kaminsky issued a report stating: “DoD must manage programs using iterative development”.
But of course, by the 90s the agile concepts were spreading more and as such more and more project were started using this approach, until in 2001 the agile manifesto was written.
Here I did just a summary, but the data I presented comes from a 2003 article by Larman and Basili, published by IEEE: “Iterative and Incremental Development: A Brief History” (PDF). It’s well written and with loads of references and details. Thanks to Dave Gray for pointing me to this great source.
What’s incredibly interesting is that the author of what’s considered the first formalization of waterfall, Winston Royce, agrees instead with incremental and iterative development. Even in its very first article in 1970, “Managing the Development of Large Software Systems” (PDF), he states:
STEP 3: DO IT TWICE
If the computer program in question is being developed for the first time, arrange matters so that the version finally delivered to the customer for operational deployment is actually the second version insofar as critical design/operations areas are concerned.
Waterfall… has never been really waterfall.
Why then? Well, if you think about it, it’s all about human perception and learning. The waterfall article dedicated entire pages to this “STEP 3: DO IT TWICE” but unfortunately it wasn’t part of the core message in the “waterfall” idea, and as such dropped out in the popular understanding of it.
It’s a matter of perception, learning and communication.
That’s also why I started talking about the Dot Loop: to have a simple and effective way to communicate the approach I value most and show how it applies universally.
The timeline above contains some key moments in the history of agile, and some other interesting events taking place at that same time for reference.
- 1970 – Waterfall Model was created (by Winston W Royce.) Interestingly enough some of the risks he called out have been realized and are much of the reason we saw agile come into existence.
- “I believe in this concept, but the implementation described is risky”.
- “The required design changes are likely to be so disruptive that the software requirements upon which the design is based and which provides the rationale for everything…. are violated. Either the requirements must be modified, or a substantial change in the design is required. In effect the development process has returned to the origin and one can expect up to a 100-percent overrun in schedule and/or costs.”
- 1990 – Jeff Sutherland and Ken Schwaber conceived the Scrum process in the early 90’s.
- 1991 – Also, the release of Nirvana’s Nevermind signified the start of the Grunge era that would dominate the music scene up to the mid-90’s.
- 1995 – Scrum is codified in 1995 in order to present it at a conference in Austin, Texas (US) and published the paper “SCRUM Software Development Process”.
- Scrum was first tried and refined at Individual, Inc., Fidelity Investments, and IDX (now GE Medical). These weren’t simply startups with greenfield development efforts.
- 2001 – In February 2001, Jeff and Ken were amongst 17 software development leaders creating the Manifesto for Agile Software Development. – Their goal was to take all the good things they’ve learned and create a “charter” for others to use. By this time there had been many variations of agility that evolved. The manifesto was taking the best of the best and boiling it down to principles rather than a framework or methodology.
- 2001 – Also, Lord of the Rings comes out in Theaters
Key Takeaway: Agile is not a flash in the pan, and is something that has been evolving for 20+ years. I believe we are even starting to see Agile become more of the “norm” in Software development. Agile as a mindset opens up the door for so much more than just SW Development. What do you think will be the key points in time for agile 20 years from now?
Catalogue description Convoy number HX 244 from Halifax (later New York) to UK. Sailing on 17 6 1943 and.
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Convoy number HX 244 from Halifax (later New York) to UK. Sailing on 17 6 1943 and arriving on 30 6 1943. Ship names: Salacia, Thomas R Marshall, Empire Capulet, Curacao, Empire Hunter, Fort Fraser, Tudor Prince, Tetela, Tai Shan, Asa Gray, Eugene Field, Fort Erie, Fort Albany, George F Fatten, Medina, Patrick Henry, Richmond Mumford Pearson, Agwidale, Steel Inventor, Dorcasia, Empire Flint, Petter, C M Bernuth, Toltec, Naranio, Buenos Aires, Fernmoor, Spinager, Norholm, Fernwood, Brimanger, Palembang, Edam, Samuel Bakke, Corilla, Ivaran, Meline, Anna Knudsen, Emma Bakke, Baltyk, Reinholt, Gabriel Duval, British Statesman, Ninella, El Aleto, Cliona, Empire Chief, British Chivalry, Port Grouard, San Veronico, British Purpose, British Valour, British Tenacity, Eskbank, Opalia, Voco, Atlantian, Fort Assiniboine, Glenlyon, British Harmony, Empire Herald, San Vulfrano, W R Keever, Steel Traveller, El Oceano, F T Freeling Huysen, Tarleton Brown, Julien Poydras, William Blount, James W Fannin, George Weems, Empire Bunting, Elona, Empire Cavalier, Atenas, Gulfgem, Gulf Wing, Schoharie, Northern Sun, Belgian Gulf, Edwin Markham, William A Graham, F J Luckenbach, Nataniel Bacon, Anthony Wayne, Cefalu, Collis P Huntington, John Langdon, Roger Williams, Charles A McAllister, Hubert Howe Bancroft, Thomas Lynch.
Introducing a New Era: The Expand of Agile
In 2001, Agile started its journey, but the legacy of agile had only just begun. After that meeting, the 17 thought-leaders of the agile manifesto started promoting the value of agile to the world. The desire to promote the value of the agile manifesto encouraged them to create an organization. And the Agile Alliance was introduced in the history of agile.
Agile Alliance- a nonprofit organization that works to spread words about Agile. Its goal is to help teams adopt the Agile methodology by providing resources. Also, the organization work to improve the agile approach to meet changing needs.
After the birth of agile, throughout the 20s several software development teams contributed to the agile methodology. They introduced us with “role-feature-reason,” “retrospective,” “quick decisions and many more practices.
In 2003, the Agile Alliance organized its first conference in Utah. It was named Agile 20XX, and its goal was to expand the agile principles and provide a venue for people to flourish their ideas. The Agile Alliance has expanded its presence over the years. Even today, they organize agile events, support affiliate groups, and promote agile ideology in organizations.
While still under construction, the single-screw steel-hulled freighter Agwidale was acquired by the Navy from the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co., Newport News, Virginia, near the end of World War I and assigned to the Naval Overseas Transportation Service (NOTS). Commissioned at Newport News on 16 November 1918, Lt. Comdr. Maurice E. Huntley, USNRF, in command, Agwidale shifted to the Chesapeake and Ohio (C&O) Piers at Norfolk on the 24th, and there took on board a cargo of motor tractors. On 4 December 1918, she sailed for the Virginia capes, and at 1300 that day sighted a disabled seaplane off her port bow.
Agwidale altered course accordingly, and reached the downed Curtiss HS-2L flying boat soon thereafter, maneuvering to take the plane in tow. She apparently then headed back toward Hampton Roads, with the plane—still occupied by its three-man crew— traveling in tow astern. Eventually, at 1512 the subchaser SC—195 came alongside and relieved the freighter of the towing chores to take the plane back to Hampton Roads.
Two days later, having returned to an anchorage off the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Co., Agwidale set out for France, and reached La Pallice, en route to Rochefort, on 19 December. After discharging cargo at Rochefort, Agwidale, in ballast, set out for the United States on 29 January 1919. Mooring at Hoboken on the afternoon of 15 February, the cargoman cleared New York Harbor 10 days later, bound for Holland on her second and last voyage under the NOTS aegis.
Agwidale reached Rotterdam, via the British Isles, on the afternoon of 12 March. She discharged her cargo over the ensuing days, and, on the morning of the 21st, let go all lines and got underway to return to the United States. She returned home without incident and tied up alongside Pier 15, Hoboken, shortly after noon on 4 April. Three days later, she received orders to prepare for decommissioning.
At noon on 11 April 1919, Agwidale was decommissioned and turned over to representatives of the United States Shipping Board, a civilian crew replacing a token Navy one the following afternoon. Agwidale retained her name for the rest of her days under American registry, which extended through the depression years and World War II. Initially operated by the Clyde Steamship Co., she later worked under the flag of the Clyde-Mallory Line, and, still later, Agwilines, Incorporated, until she was sold to Chinese interests in 1946 and renamed Wei Ming. Her subsequent fate is a mystery. 
The roots of agile project management
Here's a brief history of agile project management. By brushing up on these fundamental concepts, you'll gain insight into the challenges and problems that agile techniques are designed to resolve.
My recent agile project management columns focus on practical elements, such as project sizing, planning, and estimating. Now I'll take a step back and look at some of the theory behind the agile project management movement.
Most IT project managers and software developers are familiar with the Agile Manifesto, the foundation document of the agile movement, but most IT pros are not aware of the philosophical underpinnings of this movement. The ideas that support agile development and project management didn't spontaneously spring out of the minds of the signatories to the Agile Manifesto the ideas are based on a history of academic studies and real-world experience. Knowing these fundamental concepts will add depth and context to any discussion of agile methods.
Let's start by acknowledging that there are accepted issues with standard project management methods. The famous Standish Group CHAOS Studies demonstrate that many IT projects fail to fulfill schedule and cost forecasts, and often fail to deliver the benefits predicted. These issues have been confirmed by various organizations, including the Department of Defense (DoD). The DoD noted that, of the $35.7 billion spent by the organization in 1995 for software, only 2 percent of the software was usable as delivered. The DoD found that 75 percent of the software developed was either never used or was cancelled prior to delivery.
Other academic research challenged common IT development and project management methods. In 1998, Harvard Business School academics Robert D. Austin and Richard L. Nolan studied large software projects. Their study, which questioned many of the fundamental ideas of IT development and project management, produced these key findings:
- "The first flawed assumption is that it is possible to plan such a large project.
- The second flawed assumption is that it is possible to protect against late changes.
- The third flawed assumption is that it even makes sense to lock in big projects early."
Watts Humphrey, a respected IBM researcher, followed this study with a paper outlining his Requirements Uncertainty Principle, which asserts that:
"for a new software system, the requirements will not be completely known until after the users have used it."
Hadar Ziv of the University of California followed soon afterwards with his Uncertainty Principle in Software Engineering, which states:
"Uncertainty is inherent and inevitable in software development processes and products."
The connection between these ideas and the underlying concepts of agile project management should be clear. If users can't foretell what they'll want until they see it, if predicting and planning substantial IT projects is not possible, and if protecting projects against changes that arise during the development process is impractical, the ideas behind existing "waterfall" methods are clearly flawed, and an incremental, prototype-based methodology could offer substantial benefits.
The rise of the Internet ushered in a wildly innovative and experimental atmosphere in IT. Alan MacCormack, assistant professor at Harvard Business School, and two of his colleagues surveyed the software development methods of innovative Internet companies. In 2001, MacCormack's influential article Evolutionary Model of Software Development Methods outlined a history of IT development techniques, which include these models:
- Waterfall: follows a sequential process and maintains a document trail.
- Rapid prototyping: creates a disposable prototype which is exposed to the sponsor to establish customer preferences.
- Spiral: delivers a series of prototypes that incrementally incorporate user requirements.
- Incremental or staged delivery: delivers a system to customer in chunks of functional programs that are integrated incrementally to create a complete system.
- Evolutionary delivery: offers an iterative approach in which customers test an actual version of the software.
Simply recognizing problems with existing methods does not solve them. In MacCormack's article about Internet companies, he recommended a set of practices that he believed could begin to replace the traditional methods. These simple precepts (which will be familiar to anyone who has researched agile project management ideas) have been cited as launching the movement towards agile techniques:
- Early release of evolving design and code,
- Daily build of code and fast turnaround on changes,
- Deeply skilled teams.
The Agile Manifesto was the culmination of these new theories and approaches. Written in 2001 by a group of advocates of iterative and incremental development methods, this simple statement is the foundation document of the agile movement, and sets forth the underlying philosophical concepts of agile project management. The signatories include many of the founding fathers of some well-known agile methodologies. Signer Kent Beck went on to develop Extreme Programming Alistair Cockburn became the developer of Crystal Methods and author of influential works on agile development and Jim Highsmith has translated agile software concepts into an Agile Project Management methodology.
Understanding the academic and experiential background of agile methods better positions us to have a persuasive conversation with our sponsors and clients, and enriches our insight into the challenges and problems that agile techniques are designed to resolve. Agile methods are not simply "sanctioned hacking" as they are sometimes caricatured, but are based on solid research, demonstrating that these incremental, iterative, prototype-based methods solve problems and offer real benefits.
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Watch the video: History of the USS Constitution by Micro-Mark (October 2022).