24 October 1940

24 October 1940

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The Archer County News (Archer City, Tex.), Vol. 30, No. 5, Ed. 1 Thursday, October 24, 1940

Weekly newspaper from Archer City, Texas that includes local, state and national news along with advertising.

Physical Description

eight pages : ill. page 22 x 15 in. Digitized from 35 mm. microfilm.

Creation Information


This newspaper is part of the collection entitled: Texas Digital Newspaper Program and was provided by the Archer Public Library to The Portal to Texas History, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 1180 times, with 6 in the last month. More information about this issue can be viewed below.

People and organizations associated with either the creation of this newspaper or its content.



Check out our Resources for Educators Site! We've identified this newspaper as a primary source within our collections. Researchers, educators, and students may find this issue useful in their work.

Provided By

Archer Public Library

The mission of the Library is to enrich, entertain, and inform the citizens of Archer County through access to its collections, technologies, facilities, and services. In furtherance of this mission, the Archer Public Library received a Tocker Foundation grant to make materials available to the public.

This Day in History: Oct. 24

In this Nov. 28, 1999 file photo, Rosa Parks smiles during a ceremony where she received the Congressional Medal of Freedom in Detroit. (AP)

On this day, Oct. 24 …

2005: Civil rights icon Rosa Parks dies in Detroit at age 92.

  • 1861: President Abraham Lincoln, in Washington, receives the first transcontinental telegraph message, sent by Chief Justice Stephen J. Field of California from San Francisco, over a line built by the Western Union Telegraph Co.
  • 1931: The George Washington Bridge, connecting New York and New Jersey, is officially dedicated. (It would open to traffic the next day.)
  • 1940: The 40-hour workweek goes into effect under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938.
  • 1945: The United Nations officially comes into existence as its charter takes effect.
  • 1962: A naval quarantine of Cuba ordered by President John F. Kennedy goes into effect during the missile crisis.

Brooklyn Dodger Jackie Robinson poses in his batting stance. Robinson broke baseball's color barrier when he joined the Dodgers in April 1947, going on to be named National League Rookie of the Year. Two year's later, Robinson was named National League Most Valuable Player.

Today in World War II History—Aug. 24, 1940 & 1945

80 Years Ago—Aug. 24, 1940: Third phase of Battle of Britain begins: Luftwaffe begins intense bombing of RAF fields, supplies, and plants.

Luftwaffe mistakenly drops bombs over London.

Edward R. Murrow and several other CBS reporters broadcast “London after Dark” live from multiple locations throughout the city as air raid begins.

USS Constitution is named the symbolic flagship of the US Fleet at Boston, MA.

Medical journal Lancet publishes the first study by Howard Florey and Ernest Chain about penicillin.

Button from the 1925 drive to raise funds to restore the USS Constitution (Photo: Sarah Sundin)

75 Years Ago—Aug. 24, 1945: British Prime Minister Clement Attlee complains about end of US Lend-Lease program.

The Tribune


THE sports world is abuzz, the Astros and Dodgers are set to square off in the World Series. What a ‘fall classic’ it should be as the two best teams in baseball, in their respective leagues all season long, face off for all the marbles in the World Series. (I like the Dodgers in 5)

The NBA season tipped off last week with some funny bounces, surprise newcomers and one really bad break.

The NFL Playoff picture is shaping up, calm down Dolfans, playoffs maybe, Super Bowl. That’s Not Happening!!

So while all of that plays out, let’s take a look back and see what great occurrences transpired on this day (October 24) in sports history.


1857 - World’s first soccer club, Sheffield F C, founded in Yorkshire, England

1889 - Softball rules adopted by Mid Winter Indoor Baseball League

1913 - Joe Tinker fired as Cincinnati Reds manager

1935 - Judge Landis fines umpire George Moriarty, Cubs manager Charlie Grimm & Chicago players W English, B Jurges & B Herman for actions in World Series

1939 - Joe DiMaggio wins AL MVP, Jimmie Foxx is runner-up

1940 - Japan eliminates US terms (strike, play ball) from baseball

1954 - 5th Formula One WDC: Juan Manuel Fangio wins by 16.86 points

1957 - Cincinnati Redlegs decline to move to Roosevelt Stadium in Jersey City

1964 - 18th Olympic games close at Tokyo, Japan

1964 - Test Cricket debut of Pakistani cricketers Asif Iqbal, Majid Khan and Khalid Ibadulla vs Australia. Khalid “Billy” Ibadulla scores 166 on debut.

1965 - Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Phoenix Thunderbirds Golf Tournament

1965 - 16th Formula One WDC: Jim Clark wins by 14 points

1969 - Hanif, Mushtaq & Sadiq Mohammad start their only Test Cricket together

1974 - Billy Martin named AL Manager of Year (Texas Rangers)

1976 - 7th NYC Marathon won by Bill Rodgers in 2:10:10

1976 - Sadiq & Mushtaq Mohammad score hundreds in same Test Cricket innings v NZ

1976 - 27th Formula One WDC: James Hunt wins by one point (this season served as the inspiration for the 2013 film “Rush”)

1978 - NHL Toronto Maple Leafs set own team record of 28 pts vs NY Islanders

1982 - 13th NYC Marathon won by Alberto Salazar in 2:09:29

1982 - Steffi Graf plays her 1st pro tennis match

1988 - NY Islander’s & NHL high scorer, Mike Bossy retires

1989 - After a weeks delay due to earthquake, World Series game 3 is played

1991 - Larry Ryckman purchases CFL Calgary Stampeders1992 Toronto Blue Jays beat Atl Braves, 4 games to 2, in 88th World Series

1992 - 10th Rugby League World Cup: Australia beats Great Britain 10-6

1996 - Hasan Raza makes Test Cricket debut for Pakistan age 14 yrs 238 days

2004 - 10 people, including four family members of Rick Hendrick, are killed in a plane crash near Martinsville Speedway.

On this day: Russia in a click

On October 24, 1960, the largest tragedy of the missile program occurred at the Baikonur launching site as the R-16 long-range missile exploded during a test launch. Almost the entire engineering crew – 100 people according to some sources – were burned alive as a result of the unjustified rush to complete the project and inexcusable criminal negligence.

At the peak of the Cold War, one of the country’s major concerns was reinforcement of its general defense potential, and engineers who worked on the project had to deal with considerable pressure to complete their tasks on a tight schedule. The government pushed the launch date for the missile to fall on the 43rd anniversary of the October Revolution, though it was generally acknowledged that the missile was far from perfect and needed significant corrections.

To complete the project on time, the special missile teams worked on-site 24 hours a day. The missile weighed a total of 140 tons, with 130 tons being the weight of the extremely toxic dangerous fuel.

On October 23, seven hours before the launch, a number of serious faults were detected, placing the crew in a dilemma as to whether to halt the launch, empty the fuel and begin repairs or to risk launching the missile on schedule. Since the first option would delay the launch by a month, which was unacceptable for the authorities, the special commission decided to make quick adjustments without emptying the fuel tanks - a very serious violation of the safety regulations – and go ahead with the launch. The pressure from Moscow created a frenzy while the regulations required that specialists fix one problem at a time, on that day, everyone performed their tasks simultaneously.

Twenty minutes before the launch, leaking components containing fuel mixed together as the rocket was ripped apart by the explosion as 130 tons of the toxic fuel turned the site into pandemonium. Anyone near the rocket had no chance of surviving: the fire kit was placed 50 meters from the burning missile and was the first to go up in flames. Since no medical aid was provided at the site for injured people, the evacuation only began when the fire died down on its own.

The number of the victims is still not clear, as different sources name 76 to 97 people who had died with some 50 others being seriously injured.

Academician Mikhail Yangel, Nedelin’s right hand, along with some of his colleagues, miraculously escaped when they went to have a cigarette far from the launch site and out of reach of the fire. After the tragedy, Nikita Khrushchev’s first surprised question to Yangel was, “And why aren’t you dead?”

When the government commission in charge of the Soviet missile program at the time, and headed by Leonid Brezhnev, arrived on site the next day, they decided no one person would be blamed as the ultimate cause of the accident, which was ruled as exceptional criminal negligence. A thorough job was done on covering up the details, as all documents were classified and newsreels destroyed.

A common practice in the midst of the Cold War, the media was discreet about the tragedy only two days later was Marshal Nedelin announced to have been killed in a plane crash. However, some facts did leak to the West, causing rumors to be heard within the Soviet Union. Officially, the case was only declassified in the 1990s.

While Marshal Nedelin was buried in the Kremlin walls with the honors an officer of a rank as high as his received, other victims were buried almost secretly in different places, with no death dates indicated on their grave stones. By doing this, the authorities tried to prevent people from wondering what caused the death of so many relatively young people on the same date.

The first successful launch of the R-16 missile only occurred in February of 1961, after almost a year of serious corrections and adjustments.

This Day in Black History: Oct. 24, 1948

The experience of Kweisi Mfume, former Maryland congressman and NAACP president and CEO, is an object lesson in how to turn one's life around. He was born Frizzell Gray on Oct. 24, 1948, into a family that struggled to stay financially afloat. Eleven years later, his father abandoned the family and five years after that, his mother died of cancer, leaving him and his three younger sisters on their own.

That's when Mfume's life "spun out of control," as the Baltimore native told U.S. News and World Report. He dropped out of high school and went to work to help support his siblings. He also began running with the wrong crowd. Before he knew it, he was the teenaged father of an eye-popping five children.

But one night he had an epiphany and realized that wasting time drinking and shooting craps with people who had no hope for their own futures was no way to live. He walked away and earned a high school diploma and a bachelor's degree, with honors, from Morgan State University. He adopted the name "Kweisi Mfume," which means "conquering son of kings," in the early '70s.

Mfume was elected to Congress in 1986 and also served a term as chairman of the Congressional Black Caucus. In 1996, he left Capitol Hill to become president of the NAACP. Mfume currently works as a consultant and corporate adviser.

HistoryPorn | Image | "This armorer of the R.A.F.’s middle east command prepares a bomb for its mission against the Italian forces campaigning in Africa. This big bomb is not yet fused, but when it is it will be ready for its deadly work. Photo taken on October 24, 1940. "

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Sydney Kanya-Forstner: October 24, 1940 - March 31, 2017

Sydney Kanya-Forstner (October 24, 1940 - March 31, 2017) was a much esteemed colleague in the Department of History for no fewer than thirty-four years. Born in Budapest in 1940 and educated in Toronto at Upper Canada College, he gained his Honours B.A. in History at Trinity College, University of Toronto in 1961. He won a prestigious Commonwealth Scholarship – as well as a Woodrow Wilson Fellowship, a Canada Council Fellowship and a Queen Elizabeth II (Ontario) Scholarship, all declined – to study for his Ph.D. at King’s College, Cambridge, where he completed his thesis in just four years in 1965.

He was immediately appointed to a four-year Research Fellowship in History at Gonville and Caius College before being elected a Fellow and College Lecturer in History at that same college in 1969. His first book, The Conquest of the Western Sudan: A Study in French Military Imperialism (Cambridge University Press, 1969), was based on his doctoral thesis and remains the definitive work on French expansion in West Africa. He was tempted back to Toronto in 1972 to take up an appointment as Associate Professor at History at York, where he continued to publish a series of pathbreaking studies on the history of French West Africa and French imperialism more generally. Notable was the book that he wrote in collaboration with Cambridge historian Christopher Andrew in 1981: The Climax of French Imperial Expansion 1914-1924 (Thames & Hudson/Stanford University Press). He was promoted to the rank of Professor in 1982.

By this time, he had established a notable partnership and rapport with our departmental colleague and African historian Paul Lovejoy, and together they jointly published a number of articles and three books in the 1990s: Slavery and its Abolition in French West Africa: The Official Reports of G. Poulet, E. Roume, and G. Deherme (University of Wisconsin Press, 1994), The Sokoto Caliphate and the European Powers, 1890-1907 (a special issue of Paideuma: Mitteilungen zur Kulturkunde, 1994) and Pilgrims, Interpreters and Agents: French Reconnaissance Reports on the Sokoto Caliphate and Borno, 1891-1895 (University of Wisconsin Press, 1997). (Some telling insights on the nature of their collaboration and a strong reminiscence of Sydney’s wit may be found in their joint-article, “Editing Nineteenth-Century Intelligence Reports on the Sokoto Caliphate and Borno, or the Delights of a Collaborative Approach”, History in Africa 24, 1997, 195-204, available via JSTOR.)

During his career at York Sydney taught a number of courses on 19th/20th century European Imperialism and the history of Modern Africa at the undergraduate and graduate levels, but he will arguably be most remembered for developing and teaching one of the Department’s most popular courses: HIST 1010 6.0, War, Revolution and Society in the 20th Century. He taught it first in 1982 and was still lecturing in the course in the year of his retirement 2005-6, only taking a break for sabbaticals. The course still continues as in demand as ever thirty-five years after its creation.

K-F, as he was usually known, was also active in administration, serving as Director of the Graduate Programme in History from 1980 to 1984, where his incisive intellect and attention to detail saw him appointed Associate Dean of Graduate Studies from 1983 to 1988. He had served YUFA in a number of roles in his early years at York, for instance, chairing the negotiations committee in 1975-77, and served on a number of important Senate committees during his career. He was always quick to spot a logical flaw in motions under discussion at Departmental Council and was never slow to make a decisive, often witty, intervention to bring matters to a sensible conclusion.

Throughout his career at York, Sydney was generous in offering a series of directed readings courses to graduate students in African history, and as testimony to their esteem, two of them, Femi J. Kolapo and Kwabena O. Akurang-Parry, published a Festschrift in his honour in 2007 to mark his retirement from teaching: African Agency and European Colonialism: Latitudes of Negotiations and Containment (University Press of America).

Sydney made a huge contribution to the Department of History and to York University. He will be much missed. The Department’s sincerest condolences go out to the Kanya-Forstner family at this difficult time.

Watch the video: Student Parade in Marathon Town for 28th October 1940 (September 2022).

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