The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant

The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant

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My family is American, and has been for generations, in all its branches, direct and collateral.

Mathew Grant, the founder of the branch in America, of which I am a descendant, reached Dorchester, Massachusetts, in May, 1630. In 1635 he moved to what is now Windsor, Connecticut, and was the surveyor for that colony for more than forty years. He was also, for many years of the time, town clerk. He was a married man when he arrived at Dorchester, but his children were all born in this country. His eldest son, Samuel, took lands on the east side of the Connecticut River, opposite Windsor, which have been held and occupied by descendants of his to this day.

I am of the eighth generation from Mathew Grant, and seventh from Samuel. Mathew Grant's first wife died a few years after their settlement in Windsor, and he soon after married the widow Rockwell, who, with her first husband, had been fellow-passengers with him and his first wife, on the ship Mary and John, from Dorchester, England, in 1630. Mrs. Rockwell had several children by her first marriage, and others by her second. By intermarriage, two or three generations later, I am descended from both the wives of Mathew Grant.

In the fifth descending generation my great grandfather, Noah Grant, and his younger brother, Solomon, held commissions in the English army, in 1756, in the war against the French and Indians. Both were killed that year.

My grandfather, also named Noah, was then but nine years old. At the breaking out of the war of the Revolution, after the battles of Concord and Lexington, he went with a Connecticut company to join the Continental army, and was present at the battle of Bunker Hill. He served until the fall of Yorktown, or through the entire Revolutionary war. He must, however, have been on furlough part of the time—as I believe most of the soldiers of that period were—for he married in Connecticut during the war, had two children, and was a widower at the close. Soon after this he emigrated to Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, and settled near the town of Greensburg in that county. He took with him the younger of his two children, Peter Grant. The elder, Solomon, remained with his relatives in Connecticut until old enough to do for himself, when he emigrated to the British West Indies.

Not long after his settlement in Pennsylvania, my grandfather, Captain Noah Grant, married a Miss Kelly, and in 1799 he emigrated again, this time to Ohio, and settled where the town of Deerfield now stands. He had now five children, including Peter, a son by his first marriage. My father, Jesse R. Grant, was the second child—oldest son, by the second marriage.

Peter Grant went early to Maysville, Kentucky, where he was very prosperous, married, had a family of nine children, and was drowned at the mouth of the Kanawha River, Virginia, in 1825, being at the time one of the wealthy men of the West.

My grandmother Grant died in 1805, leaving seven children. This broke up the family. Captain Noah Grant was not thrifty in the way of "laying up stores on earth," and, after the death of his second wife, he went, with the two youngest children, to live with his son Peter, in Maysville. The rest of the family found homes in the neighborhood of Deerfield, my father in the family of judge Tod, the father of the late Governor Tod, of Ohio. His industry and independence of character were such, that I imagine his labor compensated fully for the expense of his maintenance.

There must have been a cordiality in his welcome into the Tod family, for to the day of his death he looked upon judge Tod and his wife, with all the reverence he could have felt if they had been parents instead of benefactors. I have often heard him speak of Mrs. Tod as the most admirable woman he had ever known. He remained with the Tod family only a few years, until old enough to learn a trade. He went first, I believe, with his half-brother, Peter Grant, who, though not a tanner himself, owned a tannery in Maysville, Kentucky. Here he learned his trade, and in a few years returned to Deerfield and worked for, and lived in the family of a Mr. Brown, the father of John Brown—"whose body lies mouldering in the grave, while his soul goes marching on." I have often heard my father speak of John Brown, particularly since the events at Harper's Ferry. Brown was a boy when they lived in the same house, but he knew him afterwards, and regarded him as a man of great purity of character, of high moral and physical courage, but a fanatic and extremist in whatever he advocated. It was certainly the act of an insane man to attempt the invasion of the South, and the overthrow of slavery, with less than twenty men.

My father set up for himself in business, establishing a tannery at Ravenna, the county seat of Portage County. In a few years he removed from Ravenna, and set up the same business at Point Pleasant, Clermont County, Ohio.

During the minority of my father, the West afforded but poor facilities for the most opulent of the youth to acquire an education, and the majority were dependent, almost exclusively, upon their own exertions for whatever learning they obtained. I have often heard him say that his time at school was limited to six months, when he was very young, too young, indeed, to learn much, or to appreciate the advantages of an education, and to a "quarter's schooling" afterwards, probably while living with judge Tod. But his thirst for education was intense. He learned rapidly, and was a constant reader up to the day of his death in his eightieth year. Books were scarce in the Western Reserve during his youth, but he read every book he could borrow in the neighborhood where he lived. This scarcity gave him the early habit of studying everything he read, so that when he got through with a book, he knew everything in it. The habit continued through life. Even after reading the daily papers—which he never neglected—he could give all the important information they contained. He made himself an excellent English scholar, and before he was twenty years of age was a constant contributor to Western newspapers, and was also, from that time until he was fifty years old, an able debater in the societies for this purpose, which were common in the West at that time. He always took an active part in politics, but was never a candidate for office, except, I believe, that he was the first Mayor of Georgetown. He supported Jackson for the Presidency; but he was a Whig, a great admirer of Henry Clay, and never voted for any other democrat for high office after Jackson.

My mother's family lived in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, for several generations. I have little information about her ancestors. Her family took no interest in genealogy, so that my grandfather, who died when I was sixteen years old, knew only back to his grandfather. On the other side, my father took a great interest in the subject, and in his researches, he found that there was an entailed estate in Windsor, Connecticut, belonging to the family, to which his nephew, Lawson Grant—still living—was the heir. He was so much interested in the subject that he got his nephew to empower him to act in the matter, and in 1832 or 1833, when I was a boy ten or eleven years old, he went to Windsor, proved the title beyond dispute, and perfected the claim of the owners for a consideration—three thousand dollars, I think. I remember the circumstance well, and remember, too, hearing him say on his return that he found some widows living on the property, who had little or nothing beyond their homes. From these he refused to receive any recompense.

My mother's father, John Simpson, moved from Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, to Clermont County, Ohio, about the year 1819, taking with him his four children, three daughters and one son. My mother, Hannah Simpson, was the third of these children, and was then over twenty years of age. Her oldest sister was at that time married, and had several children. She still lives in Clermont County at this writing, October 5th, 1884, and is over ninety ears of age. Until her memory failed her, a few years ago, she thought the country ruined beyond recovery when the Democratic party lost control in 1860. Her family, which was large, inherited her views, with the exception of one son who settled in Kentucky before the war. He was the only one of the children who entered the volunteer service to suppress the rebellion.

Her brother, next of age and now past eighty-eight, is also still living in Clermont County, within a few miles of the old homestead, and is as active in mind as ever. He was a supporter of the Government during the war, and remains a firm believer, that national success by the Democratic party means irretrievable ruin.

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How Mark Twain Helped Ulysses S. Grant Write His Personal Memoirs

Ulysses S. Grant and Mark Twain

Rumors have persisted for many years that Ulysses S. Grant did not entirely write his own memoirs. In a February 2012 article for The Atlantic writer Ta-Nehisi Coates explained the myth by stating that, “a lot of really intelligent people are under the impression that Grant’s lucid prose are really the result of Mark Twain’s editing hand . . . My sense is that people read Grant’s writing, hear about the association with Twain and assume that explains it.” However, the claim is untrue. The original hand-written manuscript still survives and is entirely penned with Grant’s own handwriting. Twain was not even involved with the project when he began writing. Grant had previously agreed to allow a publishing company to print the book but had not yet signed a final contract. Grant was writing articles about the many battles he had fought during the Civil War and hoped to expand on these articles and form a memoir of his military career. Under this original plan, The Century Company was willing to give Grant ten percent of all sales after the book was finished. When Twain heard about the offer, he was appalled by how little money Grant would get from the sales of the book. He believed he could offer Grant a better deal.

Twain wasted little time making his way to New York City to convince Grant that he could give him a better deal. When Twain arrived at his home on 66 th Street, Grant and his eldest son, Frederick T. Grant, were reading over The Century Company’s contract that needed to be signed before publication. Grant was ready to pick up his pen and sign the contract when Twain asked if he could read it before any signature was made. Twain reviewed the contract and believed that the ten percent royalty being offered was too low and even exploitative. Twain tried to convince Grant that he could give him a better deal, which would provide Grant with more money. Grant was reluctant to back out of the contract that he and the publishers had negotiated. He believed it would be dishonorable to back out after giving his word. Twain tried to convince Grant that he should investigate a different publisher. For example, the American Publishing Company had published many of Twain’s books, and the company would be able to bring in more profit than The Century Company. Grant was still resistant to the advice when Fred suggested that the contract be set aside while they investigated the facts behind Twain’s advice. Grant felt loyalty towards the Century Company because of the work he had done with the company while writing his articles on the Civil War battles. Grant did agree, however, to listen to Fred, and the contract was set aside for twenty-four hours.

Twain was not sure that setting the contract aside for a day would work. He thought Grant would not change his mind and remain with the Century Company. Twain told Grant that by selling the book through a subscription system, the book would produce thousands of dollars in sales. Door-to-door salesman (oftentimes Civil War veterans) would promote the book and get potential readers to place an order prior to publication. Twain himself was getting ready to sell The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn through subscription sales. The thought of making thousands appealed to Grant. He knew that he would not benefit from the sales of the book because of his terminal throat cancer, but his family would need the money since Grant had lost nearly everything when he was recently swindled by a business partner.

Grant decided to follow Twain’s advice. He offered Grant 70% of the profits made by the sales of the book. The book would be published through Charles Webster Publishing, a new publishing company managed by a nephew of Twain’s wife. Grant chose this option because he did not want to take money from Twain if the book flopped. If the book sold well, the sales would lift the Grant family out of debt. The sales would also help Twain, who was having financial issues of his own. Grant did not like turning down the offer from The Century Company, but reality told him that the money was needed for his family when he inevitably met his end. Twain worked by Grant’s side over the next several months as Grant wrote his now famous memoirs, providing literary advice as Grant wrote out each page. Twain also proof-read the pages as Grant worked tirelessly to finish the book before he passed away. The entire writing was nevertheless Grant’s words and thoughts. There is no way Twain could have known so many facts about the Mexican War and the Civil War, both of which heavily detailed in the memoirs.

Rumors about the authorship of Grant’s memoirs began in 1885 before the book was even finished. They were started by Adam Badeau, one Grant’s former staff officers in the U.S. Army who assisted Grant during the early stages of writing the memoirs. Most notably, Badeau helped Grant with some of the details concerning the battles they had served in during the Civil War. Badeau had already written his own trilogy on Grant’s career, Military History of US Grant. Badeau, however, became disgruntled and felt like he was not getting the credit he deserved for the creation of the memoir. Badeau began spreading rumors that he was responsible for much of the writing of the memoirs and that he was hired as a ghost writer to help Grant. He also asked Grant for a pay increase. These rumors would eventually make their way into the newspapers. Colonel George P. Ihrie, who had served with Grant during the Mexican War, told reporters from The World that Grant was only providing the information for the memoirs, but that Adam Badeau was doing the writing. Grant woke up on the morning of April 29, 1885 to read that he was not the author of his own memoirs. Grant felt that a response was needed. He emphatically replied in a widely printed letter that the work on the memoirs was “entirely my own.” Grant relieved Badeau from his duties after the request for more money and the spreading of rumors. Badeau’s accusations opened the door for others to question the authorship of the memoirs. Many people had difficulty accepting the fact that Grant was an excellent writer. Since Twain assisted Grant with the memoirs, some believed Twain was the author.

Grant passed away on the morning of July 23, 1885 just days after finishing his memoir. The book was sold in two volumes at that time through the subscription system proposed by Twain. Despite the rumors created by Adam Badeau, the book became an instant bestseller. Twain said that the book was one of the best written he had ever seen. Charles Webster Publishing wrote a check for $200,000 to give to Julia Dent Grant in early 1886. It was the biggest royalty check written up to that time. Grant’s Personal Memoirs are still in print today and are often considered one of the best written ever produced by a former president.

Further Reading

Coates, Ta-Nehisi. Mark Twain and Grant’s Memoir. The Atlantic, February 20, 2012.

Perry, Mark. Grant and Twain: The Story of an American Friendship. New York: Random House, 2004.

The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant - History

Part V of the author's "Mark Twain on the Crimean War." In-text citations refer to items in the bibliography [GPL].

here remains one more possible candidate for the model of Scoresby: Ulysses S. Grant. Though unsuccessful as president, Grant's military reputation was almost universally acknowledged (apparently Lord Wolseley was the only one to question his generalship). Twain regarded Grant as a "military genius," a man with "the gift of command, a natural eloquence, and an equally natural reserve" (Fishkin, 1996, xvii). Moreover, Twain admired Grant's moral character, his simplicity and personal incorruptibility, even though his administration had been riddled with scandal. After leaving the White House, Grant was reduced to a state of near poverty. Under these circumstances, Twain — as is well known — arranged to publish the Personal Memoirs of U.S. Grant on terms much more favorable to the General than had originally been proposed by rival publishers. It is also well known that Grant figures in another story included in Merry Tales , "The Private History of a Campaign that Failed."

Less familiar is the story of Grant's visit to Hartford during Garfield's presidential campaign. Twain later recalled the incident with some irony: " . . . in introducing the General I referred to the dignities and emoluments lavished upon the Duke of Wellington by England and contrasted that conduct with our far finer and higher method toward the savior of our country — to wit, the simple carrying him in our hearts without burdening him with anything to live on" ( Autobiography I, 29). In the words of the introduction itself, Twain had addressed Grant as follows: "When Wellington won Waterloo, a battle about on a level with some dozen of your victories, sordid England tried to pay him for that service with wealth and grandeur she made him a Duke and gave him $4,000,000. If you had done and suffered for any other country what you have done and suffered for your own, you would have been affronted in the same sordid way" ( Notebooks and Journals II, 355).

So when Twain thought about the great military reputations of the 19th century, it was only natural that Wellington and Grant would have come to his mind as the two most outstanding figures.

In this context, it is intriguing to find in Twain's work descriptions of Grant that are suggestive of Scoresby. In 1879, Grant was feted in Chicago at a reunion of the Army of the Tennessee. For the occasion a broadside was published which described Grant as "the admitted and undisputed Military Genius of the whole world" (Kaplan, 224). Twain was among the invited dignitaries (asked to toast "the ladies," he instead toasted "the babies"), and he used the occasion of sharing the stage with Grant to observe him closely. At the high point of the ceremony, "[t]here wasn't a soldier on that stage who wasn't visibly affected, except the man who was being welcomed, Grant. No change of expression crossed his face" ( Autobiography , 251). "Through all the patriotic rant, the bombardments of praise and adoration, the unfurling of a shredded battle flag and the roar of a thousand men singing 'Marching through Georgia,' Grant sat slouching in his chair . . . not moving a muscle, an iron man" (Kaplan, 224). In a letter to his wife Livy written just hours after the end of the ceremony, Twain referred to Grant's "iron serenity" (Kaplan, 227 for more on this, see Charles H. Gold, "Grant and Twain in Chicago: The 1879 Reunion of the Army of the Tennessee," Chicago History VII (1978): 151-161.).

In connection with the publication of Grant's Memoirs , Twain noted, "He was the most modest of men . . . " To encourage the General to continue writing, Twain compared this work to Caesar's Commentaries , saying that both were characterized by "clarity of statement, directness, simplicity, unpretentiousness, manifest truthfulness, fairness and justice toward friend and foe alike, soldierly candor and frankness and soldierly avoidance of flowery speech" ( Autobiography , 252).

When Grant died in July 1885, the newspapers, naturally enough, were full of eulogies. "General Grant's work, military and civil, will form for many ages the most striking feature in the history of his country, and the persistent determination, the manly dignity, and the quiet simplicity of this silent soldier, will give an enduring charm to the story of his life. It is, indeed, this simplicity of character, added to his heroic bearing in the long struggle with disease, and his noble fortitude in death, which now calls forth such universal admiration and sympathy" (cited in Twain's Notebooks & Journals , III, 123-124). One eulogy was delivered by Joe Twichell, who quoted Carlyle on "an occasion like the present, when a hero lay dead among his people: ' . . . our benedictions and outflowing love and admiration from the universal heart were his meed.' " Twichell continued in his own words, "Indeed he was so modest, he sunned himself so little before us in the light of his great prosperity, that he kept us from it. He did not call himself great: he did not deem that he was great. But for circumstance which with him was but another name for Providence, he humbly saw not why many another might not have won and worn his laurels — not understanding that it was of his greatness that he felt so . . . . Never a fame like his was so little accounted of by him who gained it" (Twichell, 1-2, 18-19).

Twain visited Grant on a number of occasions in the months prior to his death. After one such visit, Twain noted, "One marked feature of General Grant's character is his exceeding gentleness, goodness, sweetness. Every time I have been . . . in his presence — lately & formerly — my mind was drawn to that feature. I wonder it has not been more spoken of" ( Notebooks & Journals , III, 107). Writing to Henry Ward Beecher just after the Grant's death, Twain spoke of "his exceeding gentleness, kindness, forbearance, lovingness, charity . . . . his genuineness, simplicity modesty diffidence, self-depreciation, poverty in the quality of vanity . . . a perennial surprise that he should be the object of so much fine attention — he was the most lovable great child in the world . . . " ( Letters , 460).

Compare the vocabulary used to describe Scoresby: "the quietness, the reserve, the noble gravity of his countenance the simple honesty that expressed itself all over him the sweet unconsciousness of his greatness — unconsciousness of the hundreds of admiring eyes fastened upon him," unconsciousness of the love flowing toward him. The only thing missing in Scoresby is the quality of iron.

Grant, of course, received his military training at West Point, not Woolwich. While there, "he discovered that he had a facility for mathematics." According to his Memoirs , "The subject was so easy to me as to come almost by intuition" (quoted in Perry, 12). And in all other outward aspects as well, Scoresby has been given none of Grant's biography. Why, then, should Scoresby be endowed with so many of his personal characteristics? Justin Kaplan has pointed out that the relationship between Twain and Grant is more complex than usually assumed. Twain's feelings for the general were not unmixed admiration and affection, not just "Grant-intoxication." Indeed, Kaplan detects undercurrents of envy and rivalry in those writings of Twain that explicitly deal with Grant. Could it be that "Luck" belongs, at least tangentially, to this discourse? Though not published until 1891, the story was written only one year after Grant's death, when the papers had been filled with outpourings of the nation's grief and admiration. There was certainly no shortage of fervent hero-worship upon the death of U.S. Grant. And if Twain was always a bit suspicious of alleged heroes, he was more than skeptical when it came to the effusive adulation of them.


Scoresby — Wolseley — Wesley — Grant. In the end, it seems unlikely that Twain was thinking of any one individual when he created Scoresby. The chaplain who told the original story to Twichell undoubtedly had someone specific in mind, but Twain generalized this tale and took characteristics from a number of different military leaders. From Wellington he took the given name, his less-than-distinguished years in school, his improbable victory against overwhelming odds, his modesty, and rumors that his success was due to luck. From Wolseley he took the fact of his education at Woolwich, his presence in the Crimea, and rumors of luck. From Grant he took his simplicity, sweetness, unpretentiousness, and indifference to hero worship, which in Scoresby becomes unconsciousness of public adulation. From all of them he took their transcendent fame, at least in the years when "Luck" was composed and published. The list could be prolonged: From Gordon of Khartoum Twain could have taken his schooling at Woolwich and his presence in the Crimea. Furthermore, Gordon died the same year as Grant, 1885, and "his death was followed by a spate of biographies, monographs and articles, most of which were emotional in the extreme. For a considerable time he was regarded as a national hero . . . After his death a quite unprecedented cult of Gordon arose on every side . . . " (Smyth, 68-70). From the Crimean War Twain drew on a conflict replete with examples of foolish and incompetent generalship. The result was Scoresby, a composite figure.

Ultimately, though, Twain's intent was not just to prick the balloon of some general's military reputation. He concealed Scoresby's "real" identity because his target was not an individual, but the popular need for a hero, a need so great people will overlook evidence to the contrary. After all, Scoresby is not a sham — he is, like Forrest Gump, an innocent. It is we who had him focused wrong. Our desire for heroes trumps all. The real fools in "Luck" are those who let themselves be fooled, who think Scoresby's a genius.

Grant's Last Battle: The Story Behind the Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant

The former general in chief of the Union armies during the Civil War . . . the two-term president of the United States . . . the beloved ambassador of American goodwill around the globe . . . the respected New York financier&mdashUlysses S. Grant&mdashwas dying. The hardscrabble man who regularly smoked 20 cigars a day had developed terminal throat cancer. Thus began Grant&rsquos final battle&mdasha race against his own failing health to complete his Personal Memoirs in an attempt to secure his family&rsquos financial security. But the project evolved into something far more: an effort to secure the very meaning of the Civil War itself and how it would be remembered.

The news of Grant&rsquos illness came swift on the heels of his financial ruin. Business partners had swindled him and his family out of everything but the money he and his wife had in their pockets and the family cookie jar. Investors lost millions. The public ire that turned on Grant first suspected malfeasance, then incompetence, then unfortunate, naive neglect.

In this maelstrom of woe, Grant refused to surrender. Putting pen to paper, the hero of Appomattox embarked on his final campaign: an effort to write his memoirs before he died. The Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant, would cement his place as not only one of America&rsquos greatest heroes but also as one of its most sublime literary voices.

Filled with personal intrigues of its own and supported by a cast of colorful characters that included Mark Twain, William Vanderbilt, and P. T. Barnum, Grant&rsquos Last Battle recounts a deeply personal story as dramatic for Grant as any of his battlefield exploits.

Mackowski's familiarity with the former president as a general and as a writer bring Grant&rsquos Last Battle to life with new insight, told with the engaging prose that has become the hallmark of the Emerging Civil War Series.

"This book is well-written and profusely illustrated. The story of Grant's last days and his struggle to finish his memoirs could not be told in a more moving account than Mackowski has presented. . . . Mackowski's work is both a well-told story, based on valid evidence and analysis, with appropriate highlights, and also serves as a tour guidebook. It is highly recommended for those who enjoy compelling history absent the clutter of minutiae." - Civil War News

Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant

2017-12-16T12:09:07-05:00 In the summer of 1885, former President Ulysses S. Grant died in his cottage on Mt. McGregor, located outside of Saratoga Springs. Historian Ben Kemp toured the cabin and talked about Grant&rsquos determination to complete his memoirs before his death.

C-SPAN&rsquos Local Content Vehicles (LCVs) made a stop in their &ldquo2017 LCV Cities Tour&rdquo in Saratoga Springs, New York, from September 20-27, to feature the history and literary life of the community. Working with the Charter cable local affiliate, they visited literary and historic sites where local historians, authors, and civic leaders were interviewed. The history segments air on American History TV (AHTV) on C-SPAN3 and the literary events/non-fiction author segments air on Book TV on C-SPAN2.

In the summer of 1885, former President Ulysses S. Grant died in his cottage on Mt. McGregor, located outside of Saratoga Springs. Historian Ben Kemp toured the… read more

In the summer of 1885, former President Ulysses S. Grant died in his cottage on Mt. McGregor, located outside of Saratoga Springs. Historian Ben Kemp toured the cabin and talked about Grant&rsquos determination to complete his memoirs before his death.

C-SPAN&rsquos Local Content Vehicles (LCVs) made a stop in their &ldquo2017 LCV Cities Tour&rdquo in Saratoga Springs, New York, from September 20-27, to feature the history and literary life of the community. Working with the Charter cable local affiliate, they visited literary and historic sites where local historians, authors, and civic leaders were interviewed. The history segments air on American History TV (AHTV) on C-SPAN3 and the literary events/non-fiction author segments air on Book TV on C-SPAN2. close

Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S Grant

  • Author : Ulysses S. Grant
  • Publisher : Cosimo, Inc.
  • Release Date : 2006-12-01
  • Genre: Biography & Autobiography
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN 10 : 9781596059993

Completed just days before his death and hailed by Mark Twain as "the most remarkable work of its kind since the Commentaries of Julius Caesar," this is the now-legendary autobiography of ULYSSES SIMPSON GRANT (1822-1885), 18th president of the United States and the Union general who led the North to victory in the Civil War. Though Grant opens with tales of his boyhood, his education at West Point, and his early military career in the Mexican-American war of the 1840s, it is Grant's intimate observations on the conduct of the Civil War, which make up the bulk of the work, that have made this required reading for history students, military strategists, and Civil War buffs alike. This unabridged edition features all the material that was originally published in two volumes in 1885 and 1886, including maps, illustrations, and the text of Grant's July 1865 report to Washington on the state of the armies under his command.

Grant’s Last Battle: The Story Behind the Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant

This is a part of the Emerging Civil War series authored by Chris Mackowski. It talks about the final days of Grant who while battling throat cancer, was intent on completing his personal memoirs and securing a safe financial future for his family.

Watch the video: Personal Memoirs of U S Grant Part 14 Full Audiobook by Ulysses S. GRANT (December 2022).

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