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Phuyupatamarca

Phuyupatamarca


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The ruins of Phuyupatamarca, located along the Inca Trail, rank among the best preserved and most scenic Inca ruins in existence.

History of Phuyupatamarca

Known as the ‘Town above the Clouds’, Phuyupatamarca is over 11,000 feet above sea level and often surrounded by thick clouds which weave their way through the valleys below – producing a picturesque viewpoint which is not to be missed. It can look like the site is floating above the clouds.

It’s thought the site was built in the 15th century, and was a stop en route to Machu Picchu. It also had some kind of religious ceremonial/ritual function – the baths are hard evidence of this.

Phuyupatamarca today

The site itself contains some excellent Inca ruins, including agricultural terraces built into the hillside and a settlement above them which includes ritual baths with water still running through them during the wet season, a temple and an impressive irrigation system. A number of observation platforms offer excellent views.

Pretty much the only way to visit Phuyupatamarca on one of the many organised hiking tours of the Inca trail. Several tours camp here overnight before making the early morning push to Machu Picchu for sunrise. The views here are second to none regardless, and worth soaking up.

Getting to Phuyupatamarca

The site is only accessible on foot: it’s the third night on the 4 day Inca Trail hike, which tends to originate in Cusco, and starts the trek at km.82.


Suppose you are planning a hiking trip to Machu Picchu. In that case, you probably have a tough time deciding which trek is best for you – Inca Trail vs. Salkantay Trek – My name is Juan Coronel, a native Peruvian tour guide. This post will briefly explain the diference between the two most popular hikes in Peru to help you decide on the tour that best fits your interests.

Overview

While Inca Trail is an iconic tour, constantly ranked among the best hikes in the world. You will always find in many blogs a crowded trail and fully booked all year round.

The Salkantay Trek is often known as the lesser crowded trail with more nature and amazing views while hiking along the mountains and the cloud.

If the descriptions above are your ideas about these two beautiful treks, let me tell you that it is not all true.

Both Trails are full of amazing views, Inca sites, history, and you will have a wonderful time on either trail you choose. Now, keep reading some of the differences to help you decide which route is a better option.

Hiking distance to Machu Picchu

The distance in both hikes might vary depending on the itinerary and route you take. Dont be surprised if you find on some websites more o fewer kilometers.

Inca Trail

The Classic IncaTrail starts in the Sacred Valley, in the small town of Piscaccucho, also know as Km 82. You can choose between 4 days tour or 5 days tour depending on your preferences, group size, speed, and how much time you want to spend. Both itineraries follow the same route that has a total of 43km or 26 miles.

Salkantay trek

The Salkantay trek starts in the nearby Mollepata District. There are several routes, itineraries, and starting points for this trek. The Classic Salkantay Trek starts in Soraypampa visit Humantay lake, reach Salkantay Pass, venture into the cloud forest, and arrive at Machu Picchu through the jungle. The total distance covered is 60 km or 37 miles in a 5-day schedule .

Stoned paved Inca Trail

The altitude of the Inca Trail and Salkantay Trek

Altitude sickness is one of the major difficulties most travelers will face during the trek to Machu Picchu. The best thing you can do to avoid is to arrive at least two days before your tour departure, drink lots of water before and during the tour, eat light, especially during the first days of arrival, and have Diamox with you.

The Altitude of the Inca Trail

You will conquer 2 big mountains: Dead Woman’s Pass (4215m / 13829ft), which takes around 6 hours up and 2 hours down a total. The second mountain is Runqurakay Pass (4000m / 13123ft), which takes about 2 hours up and 2 hours down.

You will be at a lower altitude during the Inca Trail than Salkantay however, you will spend a long time above 3000 m (9842ft). This might increase the chances of having problems with altitude.

The altitude of the Salkantay trek

Salkantay trek’s highest point is 4630 m (15190 ft) this is almost 200 meters higher than the Inca Trail’s highest point. However, there is only one mountain above 3000 m (9842ft).

The chances of having altitude problems are higher in Salkantay Trek, but you will be hiking only for two days at high altitudes. You will enjoy the cloud forest with an average altitude of 2600m (8530ft) and nice warm weather for the rest of the days.

The cloud forest

History in the Inca Trail vs. Salkantay Trek

If you are interested in visiting the ancient Inca sites, Inca Trail is the best option. This doesn’t mean you won’t have history lessons from our expert guides in the Salkantay Trek in fact, the same tour guides in the Inca Trail will guide you as well in the Salkantay trek.

How is the Inca Trail in history?

You will visit several archeological sites before Machu Picchu, such as Patallaqta, Runcuraccay, Sayacmarca, Phuyupatamarca, Intipata, Wiñaywayna, and Sungate. At every location, our passionate tour guides will explain the history of our country.

History in Salkantay trek

Depending on the route you follow, you might hike a small portion of an original Inca Trail (different from the Classic Inca Trail to Machu Picchu). This Inca Trail leads to Llaqtapata, an ancient Inca site located on a mountain top right in front of Machu Picchu.

History lessons at Inca Trail

The Scenery of Inca Trail vs. Salkantay Trek

Views of the Inca Trail

Inca Trail offers terrific views of mountains, Inca Sites, the cloud forest, and the first view from the Sungate to Machu Picchu early in the morning of the last day.

Views in the Salkantay trek

Salkantay Trek will offer more varied and beautiful views: from the lakes, glaciers, the cloud forest, and without any doubt, the view from Llaqtapata to Machu Picchu from a different mountain is one of the best ones.

View of Llaqtapata, Inca Trail

Availability of Inca Trail vs. Salkantay Trek

Inca Trail has limited availability, and Salkantay Trek is free-sell. During the Salkantay trail, you can have larger groups than Inca Trail in the busy season.

Inca Trail Permits

A maximum of 500 people are allowed in the Inca Trail per day this number includes porters, guides, chefs, and guests. The number of guests is around 200 per day. This number is higher in comparison with the average number of travelers in Salkantay Trek.

The groups at Inca Trail are very well organized. There is a maximum of 8 people with one tour guide. And 16 guests per group with two tour guides this means that if there are more than 16 people, the group must split into two separate groups.

There is the idea that the Inca Trail is fully crowded. However, this is entirely not true. Depending on the itinerary, campsite location, and different departure times of each group, you might see a few travelers with you.

When you are hiking in large groups like ten people, you will go at your own pace and regroup in specific points indicated by the tour guides, especially for history lessons or to visit Inca Sites. This way, you will be mainly hiking with your group.

When you are struggling up to the mountain, it’s nice to stop and chat with somebody and meet people, so this aspect of the Inca Trail is not entirely negative.

Salkantay trek

Opposite to Inca Trail, Salkantay is not strictly regulated by the government. This means you can camp at any place your tour guide and trekking team decides. The groups also can be as many people as the companies decide or sell.

While the Salkantay trail gets fewer visitors per day on average, it will depend on the itinerary and the company you are hiring, on how many people will be in your group or hiking with you. I mention this because I’ve seen groups with 30 or 4o guests, which might not be as fun as it sounds, considering that everybody has different physical conditions, speeds, and preferences.

Some days you might see more visitors than the Inca Trail. Every day arrives an average of 4000 people to Machu Picchu and only 200 from the Inca Trail, so there are chances to have more people in the Salkantay on specific days. Ultimately, it will depend on the company, how they provide the itinerary, the maximum participants, and tour guides’ experience to offer you a wonderful trip.

From all the above, the number of visitors to each trek should not be a reason to choose which routes are best for you.

View of Salkantay Lake

Consider your Budget

Inca Trail

The goverment strictly controls Inca Trail, and there is limited availability per day. For this reason, Inca Trail tours will always be more expensive than Salkantay trek. Consider an average of 100$ more costly due to the cost of permits.

The average cost of the Inca Trail group tours is between 600.USD to 700.USD, when booking an Inca Trail tour, you must consider:

  • If your tour includes a personal porter or not, this is essential because some companies will not include and offer you as optional. It’s essential to book with a company that includes personal porters in your tour. Otherwise, it could be costly to hire one during the trek.
  • Check if the company provides all transportation from start to end. Some companies do not provide a bus from Machu Picchu to Aguas Calientes, for instance. A bad experience at the end of the tour could ruin the whole trip.

Salkantay trek

Salkantay Trek does not require special permits. However, you will still need tickets to enter Machu Picchu and trains to go back to Cusco. It’s important to mention that there is a fee to pay to enter Salkantay, but it is significantly lower than Inca Trail.

The average cost of Salkantay Trek is between 500.USD to 600.USD. Before booking a tour, you must consider it.

  • Avoid booking the tours with the lowest prices for this tour. It’s good to book the lowest prices to participate in a day tour. However, when hiking for several days, high altitude, possibly lousy weather, you may want to reconsider and book with a reputable company, professional tour guide, and good camping equipment for the 3000 meters+ camping.
  • The lower the price you pay, the larger the groups will be to compensate for expenses, underpaid staff, quality of food, equipment, hotels. This is something you want to avoid on vacations.
  • Any tour that advertises the Salkantay Treks with prices lower than 400.USD usually has a lot of hidden costs. In the end, you will end up paying more than the all-inclusive tours (entry fees, emergency horse, duffle bag for personal items, transportation during the trek, extra activities on the route, hotel category, bus up and down to Machu Picchu are basic things you must check before booking). You won’t be comfortable finding out that your tour didn’t include some of them.
  • Last but not least is the Train schedule on the way back to your hotel. Some companies offer lower prices because they will book you on the cheapest and later trains. This is something you will not like at all after 4 or 5 days of hiking in the mountains. The latest trains schedule will be arriving back to Cusco around midnight, or 1.am

TreXperience is the only company that includes all group tours, the exclusive Panoramic trains back to Ollantaytambo, and private vans back to Cusco.

Food during Salkantay Trek

The weather of Inca Trail vs. Salkantay Trek

Cusco is located deep in the Andes, where the weather is unpredictable. Even though we have only two seasons (rain and dry season), you must always prepare for all kinds of weather (light clothes, warm jackets, raingear).

From September to April is the rainy season this doesn’t mean you will have rain every day there are weeks, you don’t see rain. However, the chances are higher than in the dry season. Daytime temperatures and nighttime temperatures might not vary so much.

From May to October is the dry season however, you must always have raingear since we have occasional rains. During the day, the temperatures could be sweltering when it is sunny, and at night the temperature goes below 0°C.

Both Treks start in the Andes, where the air is dry and cold, and they will finish in the cloud forest where Machu Picchu is located with warm weather and a lot of humidity. Due to the trails’ location, the Salkantay Trek is likely to get more rain than the Inca Trail.

The start point of the Inca Trail

Accommodations of Inca Trail vs. Salkantay Trek

TreXperience provides good quality equipment for camping. Even on the most challenging days where the weather can be extreme, you will still have fun, enjoy your vacations. Always prepare for rain, cold weather, have sunscreen, water, and a camera.

Inca Trail

Inside the Inca Trail, we can only go camping the great porters must carry everything needed during the trek, like food, equipment, tents. You will have 3-night camping inside the Inca Trail. Toilet can be found at each campsite and specific location during the day, like lunch spots. TreXperience provides portable toilets for all our groups.

Salkantay trek

Salkantay Trek can be done in 2 ways camping and lodge to lodge, the route that we take is the less crowded, and the campsite we stay at is unobstructed places to enjoy the stars. We camp for 3 nights during the Salkantay Trek, and we spend 1 night in a hotel in Aguas Calientes.

Camping at Salkantay

Food on Inca Trail vs. Salkantay Trek

In all our hiking tours with 3 or more days, you will be accompanied by an expert trekking team to prepare fresh meals for you. The food we provide is very similar in each trek. However, there are some additionals on specific tours.

Inca Trail

During the Inca Trail, your trekking chef will prepare fresh meals from the first breakfast. Every day you will have plenty of options on the table since we serve a buffet style, from fish on the first day, chicken, beef, vegetarian, vegan, gluten-free, dairy-free. Please advise your preferences or dietary requirements in advance.

Salkantay trek

We provide the same food as the Inca Trail with an additional Pachamanca, an underground hot stone barbecue, traditional to Peru. This dish is not possible to prepare in the Inca Trail because we cannot set any fire. However, in the Salkantay Trek, we visit villages in the cloud forest, explore the organic coffee farms, prepare your coffee cup yourself from scratch, and prepare with locals the traditional Pachamanca.

Preparing for Pachamanca barbacue on the Salkantay Trail

These are some of the differences between these great treks. As I mentioned at the beginning of this page, you will have a wonderful experience on any of these tours. If Inca Trail is sold out, you can hike the Salkantay Trail , the Lares Trek , even the Shorter Verison of the Inca Trail are great options.


On the Trail - Pacamayo to Phuyupatamarca

This morning we wake to cool temperatures and welcome a cup of hot coca tea, compliments of the porters. This tea is OK, but I'm ready for some of the thick, strong coffee that I know will be on the breakfast table it's cold up here!

All night the frogs were singing, happy for the rain. It was very soothing and everyone said they slept like babies after our big climb over Warmiwañusca. Our campsite is perched on the side of the mountain and the view down to the valley and surrounding area is outstanding as we eat breakfast in the clouds.

This morning our guide has arranged for an introduction of the porters. He asks them to tell us about themselves, where they are from, if they are married, how many children they have and how many times they have been on the trail. With pride they step forward one-by-one and speak about their lives, joking and watching each other talk. One of the porters is amazingly almost 60 and one is as young as 22.

A word here about our operator and the porters:

The porters are all very well provided for while working on the trail and are given fleece jackets, shirts and hats, as well as shoes. Some of them do not wish to wear the shoes provided, as you can see, but wish to continue to wear the standard rubber sandals that the locals wear in the area. They are also provided with packs that have built in padded waist braces and padded shoulder straps. Provided with excellent food on the trail as well as shelter, your porters are well paid and well taken care of. A portion of the fee paid to our operators also goes to a foundation supporting the porters in the Machu Picchu area. If you chose a company to hike the trail, and all hikers must use porters on this section of the Inka Trail, please be sure to use a company that practices responsible employment and treatment for its' porters.

We finish breakfast and get ourselves ready for the next hike up the steep mountainside to Runkurakay. In the picture below, if you follow that trail of hikers up the trail to the center of the mountain you can almost make out the ruins. This is where we will make our next stop. Above this is the second highest pass on the trail at 13,113 ft. We begin hiking and the trail is tough! I should have had one more cup of java!

Once to the ruins we stop for a lecture and welcome a rest. The ruins are beautiful! This ruin was a tambo or temporary storehouse for llamas, other animals and supplies. It was also a refueling station of sorts for the Inca couriers. This small, round construction is not typical of the Inca construction.

Looking back, we can see the pass of Warmiwañuska in the distance as well as the campsite and the waterfalls. The vastness of the view is absolutely breathtaking as we huff and puff our way up to the site!

We continue on and reach the pass at almost 10 a.m. after a 20-minute hike. It's raining a bit, cold and windy as we make the pass and the snow-capped peaks of the Pumasillo Range come into view. We are now at 12,960 ft. As we descend into the high paramo, we pass by two Andean lakes. The trail is flanked by tall bunch-grasses and more flowers. We see a few ducks in the lakes and many black and orange Tanangers along the way. Flocks of parrots cackle as they dart about and we even see a few hummingbirds! But one of the best parts about hiking at this time of year is the beautiful, lush greenery of the rainy season and the lack of hikers on the trail. In fact, other than seeing them across the last campsite, we have not seen many hikers at all.

We hike for one hour to Sayacmarca archaeological site, which means Inaccessable Town, consisting of a huge complex of houses and plazas perched on the side of the mountain overlooking the Aobamba Valley. We are in awe as we hike the steep stairway to the site of this incredible feat of engineering.

We are literally hanging off the side of the mountain up in the clouds on this set of ruins, covered in moss and flowers.

After a lecture we leave Sayacmarca and hike for 30 minutes and we notice that the trail becomes much denser with foliage. The sides of the trail are covered with great mats of tiny bromeliads and fantastic looking miniature plants under the brush and trees. We arrive to Chacquicocha for lunch and a well-deserved rest.

I should mention that there are toilets here for use and they are manned and cleaned often but pretty primitive. There is a thatched roof stone building that is tiled inside and contains toilet stalls but no seated toilets, you have to stand. Wash sinks are located at the entrance and it is still a welcome sight.

We hike a good distance away from this site to a high bluff in the area and lunch is already set up for us.

A feast of bread, tomatoes, cucumbers, cheese and Quiñoa soup awaits us. Our main course is pasta with tuna, vegetables and a hard-boiled egg. Coca tea and honey is also served and we are happy for the sustenance. It's been a hard hike this morning.

We gather ourselves together to start hiking again and we're clouded in up on this massive plateau as they move rapidly around us. The trail transforms into a massive buttressed path hanging off of the mountain and constructed of granite paving stones. We are in a cloud forest now and the vegetation is becoming very wild looking. Suddenly we see orchids and great masses of bromeliads in the trees. We finally reach the first tunnel, carved from the living rock, and it seems we are walking into the side of the mountain like some great chapter from a Harry Potter novel!

The trail continues through a cloud forest and soon we see Giant ferns, bamboo stands and plenty of orchids. After hiking for almost two hours, and making the third pass of the days' hike, we camp near a rock pinnacle topped with Inca viewing platforms. It overlooks the ruins of Phuyupatamarca which is considered by many to be one of the most beautiful on the trail!

Our campsite is in a protected alcove on top of this gorgeous peak but below an outlook facing the ruins. We have the views of both the snow-capped peaks of Salcantay, the Vilcabamba Mountain range and a stunning view down the valley towards the Amazon region. It doesn't get much better than this!

Our operators utilize the 5- day -4 night schedule for the Inca Trail and this affords a bit of a slower pace to enjoy the sites. It also avoids having to wake up in the middle of the night to hike out on Day 4 of the trail to Machu Picchu to arrive for sunrise. This makes for a hectic pace. The 5- day -4 night has us arriving to MP in the late afternoon, overnighting in Aguas Calientes and then a sunrise visit to MP on the 5th morning for a full tour of the site.

We sit up on the lookout and take pictures of the ruins and the 360-degree view that is astounding. We know this is a trek that we will never forget! We have tea and a snack back down at the campsite before dinner, but the sun is setting and of course, we have to take some group pictures. There are clouds moving in and out and this is without a doubt, one of the most beautiful places I have ever been to! I am here up in the Andes on my way to Machu Picchu, and it's better than any fantastic dream I could imagine!

Back down to the campsite again and we are warm in the dining tent as we tell stories and talk about the day's hike. Hot wine is served and we toast the day before our dinner. What a great bunch of people I am with to experience this amazing place! Thanks Franco for taking this one! It isn't long until we're tired and ready to hit the sleeping bags. Machu Picchu, here we come!


Phuyupatamarca - History

For Inca Trail adventures in 2020, we recommend that you reserve in late September 2019 at the VERY latest. The sale of Inca Trail permits for 2020 trips will start the first week in October 2019 and they will sell fast. The trip may sell out before September.
Click here for more info!

2019 Land cost per person: $3,095 (10-16 participants) $3,250 (7-9 participants) $3,395 (6 participants)

11 days (3 nights camping)

April 12 to April 22, 2019
May 10 to May 20, 2019
June 15 to June 25, 2019*

June 15 to June 25, 2020*

June 15 to June 25, 2020 - Features the Inti Raymi Festival. From $3,550

Reserve your Peru Adventure by August 31, 2019 and Save $200 per person!

Do not be misled! There is only ONE Inca Trail to Machu Picchu &mdash there are no alternatives! Don't miss the original classic pilgrimage trail to Machu Picchu. Regulations limit the number of people on the Inca Trail. Inca Trail permits are issued on a first-come, first-served basis and are non-transferable. To ensure your spot we recommend that you reserve by September 2021 at the latest!

Note: The trip begins in Cusco on Day 1. You will be greeted on your arrival to Lima and will be greeted on your arrival in Cusco and transferred to the hotel. We will make any additional reservations for you in Lima or Cusco. Detailed information will be included with the pre-departure information.

You will be met at the Lima airport by an Andes Adventures representative, who will assist you with connecting flights to Cusco. Depart on a one-hour flight to Cusco, the ancient capital of the Inca Empire and the continent&rsquos oldest continuously inhabited city. Upon arrival in Cusco, we transfer to the hotel where a traditional welcome cup of coca leaf tea is served to help with the acclimatization to the 11,150 feet altitude. This afternoon we will have a guided sightseeing tour of the city, visiting the Cathedral, the Inca temple Qorikancha, and the Santo Domingo Monastery. You will receive a tourist ticket valid for the length of the trip enabling you to visit the many archaeological sites, temples and other places of interest. Welcome lunch and overnight in Cusco.

Overnight: Costa del Sol Ramada Cusco (Previously Picoaga Hotel).
Meals: L, D.
Today's hike: None scheduled.

Morning visit to the archaeological sites surrounding Cusco, beginning with the fortress and temple of Sacsayhuaman, perched on a hillside overlooking Cusco at 12,136 feet. It is still a mystery how this fortress was constructed. Gigantic stones, some of them weighing 125 tons, were carved into huge trapezoidal blocks that fit together with extraordinary precision. The tour continues with visits to the semicircular shrine of Kenko, Puca Pucara and the Royal Baths of Tambomachay, a beautiful ceremonial bath, adorned with waterfalls, which continues to flow 500 years after being built. The rest of the day is for relaxing, shopping, and sightseeing in beautiful Cusco and its surroundings.

Overnight: Costa del Sol Ramada Cusco (Previously Picoaga Hotel).
Meals: B, L, D.
Today's hike: None scheduled.

Our tour takes us on a scenic drive to Urubamba, the Sacred Valley of the Incas. We travel across a high plain with splendid views of the Cordillera Urubamba to the ancient Inca town of Chinchero at 12,350 feet. Chinchero is a picturesque community that combines both Inca and colonial architecture. It is market day and campesinos of the region still use the weekly market for trading food and other items, using the original method of exchange "trueque". We will observe a demonstration of the traditional weaving process and shop for local handicrafts. We visit the salt mines of Maras and continue with an acclimatization hike down a trail leading to the Urubamba River.

Overnight: Sonesta Posada del Inca Hotel in Yucay, Peru's Leading Boutique Hotel in 2011, 2012 and 2013 (World Travel Awards).
Meals: B, L, D.
Today's hike: 2.5 miles.

This morning we visit the village of Ollanta and Ollantaytambo, the best surviving example of an Inca town. Most of its buildings sit upon Inca walls and the street plan is still the original laid out by its Inca builders. Its stonework, narrow cobbled streets, family courtyards and water system are exactly as built in Inca times. You will be able to appreciate the Inca agricultural terraces that create small tiers of fertile land on very steep slopes.

After lunch, we prepare for our Inca Trail adventure and spend the afternoon relaxing in Yucay and its surroundings. You can hike on trails around the Inca agricultural terraces behind the hotel in Yucay.

Note: We no longer offer rafting on the Urubamba River in Cusco because pollution of the river has increased and the water quality is not suitable for rafting on any section of the river.

Overnight: Sonesta Posada del Inca Hotel in Yucay, Peru's Leading Boutique Hotel in 2011, 2012 and 2013 (World Travel Awards).
Meals: B, L, D.
Today's hike: 2.5 miles.

Day 5: Ollantaytambo/Llactapata

This morning we drive to the trailhead at km 82 "Piscacucho," where we begin our trek. An easy hike along the Urubamba River brings us to our camp in the archaeological site of Llactapata "Town on Hillside" at 8,400 feet.

Upon arrival in camp we enjoy hot coca tea and a great view of the Urubamba mountain range.

Overnight: Camp at Llactapata.
Meals: B, L, D.
Today's hike: 4 miles &ndash 3.5 hours.

The trail continues along the Cusichaca River and follows it upstream on a gradual climb leaving behind the Urubamba valley and a magnificent view of snow-capped Mount Veronica (18,865'), the highest peak in the Cordillera Urubamba. We reach the Quechua village of Wayllabamba at 9,680 feet, the last inhabited village on the Inca trail.

Entering spectacular Llulluchayoc gorge, the trail becomes steeper. We continue our uphill climb through a thick, mossy forest, before emerging into a large meadow - Llulluchapampa high above the tree line. We camp for the night at about 12,450 feet.

Overnight: Camp at Llulluchapampa.
Meals: B, L, D.
Today's hike: 6.5 miles 0r 7 hours

Today is our most challenging day as we reach Warmiwañusq'a pass "Pass of the Dead Woman" at 13,779 feet, the highest pass on the Inca Trail. If the weather is clear you will be delighted with the views of the Cusichaca Valley and the Pacaymayo "Sunrise" gorge ahead of us. A descent into the valley brings us to the Pacaymayo River at 11,880 feet.

We begin the climb toward the second pass, on the way we encounter the Runkurakay watchtower ruins at 12,464 feet and pass by a couple of small lakes, before reaching the Runkurakay pass at 13,000 feet.

From here you will have excellent views of the glaciated peaks of the Cordillera Vilcabamba. Most of the climb is behind us the trail descends rocky slopes and reaches the strategic fortress of Sayacmarca "Dominant Town" at 12,234 feet.

The trail enters dense groves and you will find impressive evidence of Inca road construction, with its six feet wide and carefully constructed stone-paved trails. An amazing engineering accomplishment! We will negotiate a 20 meter Inca tunnel with carved steps and soon the trail becomes a magnificent stone staircase leading to Phuyupatamarca "Town in the Clouds" at 12,000 feet. We summit the third pass and have our first look into the deep gorge of the Urubamba River. Just below, we find our camp in Phuyupatamarca.

Overnight: Camp at Phuyupatamarca.
Meals: B, L, D.
Today's hike: 7.5 miles or 8-9 hours.

The trail follows down a series of hundreds of steps, passing by ceremonial Inca baths where mountain water still flows through carved stone channels. As we descend into the cloud forest, we will be surrounded by an abundance of exotic varieties of plants, orchids and flowers until reaching the ruins of Wiñay Wayna "Forever Young." We hike down a dirt trail about three and a half miles to Intipunku, "Gateway of the Sun" at 8,860 feet. Suddenly, the full grandeur of the world's greatest ruins are revealed, the domed peak of Huayna Picchu and the lost City of the Incas, MACHU PICCHU at 7,900 feet. Our evening includes Machu Picchu Pueblo (previously known as Aguas Calientes).

Overnight: El Mapi Hotel Machu Picchu.
Meals: B, L, D.
Today's hike: 5.5 miles or 5 hours.

We spend the early part of the morning with our expert guide, for a tour of the mysterious city, its magnificent temples, terraced hillsides, archaeological curiosities, irrigation channels, fountains, elaborate stone work and chambers of unknown purpose. As we listen to the theories about the mysteries of Machu Picchu, we wonder how and why this city was built in such a remote place and what its purpose might have been. Fortunately this outstanding citadel was never discovered by the Spaniards and was spared from destruction.

Continue exploring the ruins of Machu Picchu, or relax in Aguas Calientes. You may also choose from several additional (unguided) activities such as a moderate hike to the Inca Bridge or an optional climb to the airy summit of Huayna Picchu at 9,000 feet (the optional climb has to be arranged in advance).

Overnight: El Mapi Hotel Machu Picchu.
Meals: B, L, D.
Today's hike: Optional distances.

This morning we board the train to Urubamba and continue by bus to visit the Andean village of Pisac. Our guide takes us through the village to visit its colorful market where extensive selections of colorful weavings, ceramics, sweaters and other handicrafts are sold at bargain prices.

The afternoon is free for last-minute shopping and enjoying Cusco. In the evening, we will have our farewell dinner in one of Cusco&rsquos finest restaurants. Overnight in Cusco.

Overnight: Costa del Sol Ramada Cusco (Previously Picoaga Hotel).
Meals: B, L, D.
Today's hike: None scheduled.

Day 11: Cusco/Lima/Flight Home

After breakfast, transfer to the Cusco airport for the flight to Lima. Upon arrival we are met at the airport and we continue on a sightseeing guided city tour of colonial and modern Lima. Highlights include Lima's Cathedral, government palace in Plaza Mayor, San Francisco monastery, San Isidro, Miraflores and a scenic view of the coastline. We end the tour at the restaurant for lunch and from there we go to check-in at the hotel in Miraflores, where a day-room is available. Those departing tonight have a day-room and a transfer to the airport in the evening and depart on homeward-bound flights.

Day Room: Hotel San Agustín Exclusive in Miraflores.
Meals: B, L.
Today's hike: None scheduled.


Day 4: Phuyupatamarca – Wiñayhuayna – Puente ruinas.

Once again after enjoying breakfast we will start walking down to Wiñaywayna one of the most impressive archaeological site on the Machu Picchu Trek. Also, we will have a chance to enjoy the Inca sites like Phuyupatamarca and Intipata.

Upon our arrival to Wiñaywayna and after the exploration of the Inca site, we’ll have last lunch with our Inca Trail porters. We will have time to say goodbye to our great porters.

After lunch, we will continue walking to the sun gate from where we will have our first view of Machu Picchu. we’ll take our time to make great shots of the Inca city, as the afternoon is usually with fewer people.

We’ll then take the bus to Machu Picchu (Aguas Calientes town) where we’ll stay at the hotel, and have dinner.

  • Hiking distance: 10 km / 6.21 miles.
  • Hiking time: 7 – 8 hours.
  • Lowest elevation: 2,400 m / 7,872 ft.
  • Highest elevation: 3,650 m / 11,972 ft.
  • Physical rating: Moderate to demanding.
  • Highlight: wiñayhuayna, Intipata, sun gate – Machu Picchu.

Day 5: Machu Picchu – Cusco.

This day, you will have your breakfast in the hotel, and then your tour guide will pick you up and take you to the bus station where you will take the bus up to the majestic Machu Picchu. Once there, you will begin your guided walking tour.

After enjoying Machu Picchu, you will take the bus down to Aguas Calientes for lunch, picking up your bags from your hotel, and then take a train back to Cusco or Ollantaytambo, where a representative of Kaypi Peru tours will pick you up to transfer to your Cusco hotel.


Extraordinary Peru Tour Destinations

Not sure which destinations should be on your radar? Here are some of the best-kept secrets in Peru that you might want to consider adding to your trip to Peru:

Maras Salt Pans

The Maras Salt Pans are located within the Sacred Valley, which is rich in natural beauty, history, and culture. While salt pans themselves might not seem like a very alluring attraction, what makes the Maras Salt Pans special are the natural, geometric patterns that form as a result of the spring dating back to the 1400s that feeds into pools on the side of the valley. The locals scrape up the salt left behind after the spring recedes and the water evaporates.

National Geographic named the Maras Salt Pans tour one of the world’s top 20 dream hikes, thanks to the unique scenery.

Moonstone Trek

The Moonstone Trek follows a 25-mile route above the Sacred Valley and goes through several pre-Inca archeological sites. The trek follows in the footsteps of the ancient Incas, so you can really get a feel for how these historical people lived. You can imagine yourself living as they lived, traveling through the Valley in search of food or other resources.

This trek also allows you to enjoy views of Mount Veronica, to visit local Andean people, and to pass through working farms.

Choquequirao

The Choquequirao ruins may not have the same notoriety as Machu Picchu, but they are also quite awe-inspiring. Standing right near the city of Cusco, rated one of the best family destinations in Peru, you can take a trek to Choquequirao that lets you tour the ruins while also visiting remote villages, exploring mountain trails, and experiencing the Apurimac canyon, which is twice as deep as the Grand Canyon in the United States.

Humantay Lake

You’ll marvel at the intensity of the turquoise color of the beautiful Humantay Lake. The scenic lake lays quietly against a backdrop of mountains and nearby snow-covered glaciers. You can explore the flora and fauna, spot beautiful birds and other wildlife, and take hikes through the nearby mountains.

Lake Titicaca

Lake Titicaca is world-famous for its many floating islands and its expansive, navigable surface area. You can hike around the lake and explore the natural wildlife and local communities, or you can go on the water to explore the lake geography and learn about the communities on the islands. Some of the local people even open their homes to tourists for overnight stays.

Rainbow Mountain

Like its name suggests, this famous mountain offers an array of dazzling colors that you’ll have to see in person to really believe. Not only are there multiple colors embedded in the rock of this mountain, but the colors are also separated by arched bands. You’ll think you’re looking at some kind of earthen rainbow when you stand before this mountain. Hike nine miles to peak elevation, or trek at lower elevations.

Winay Wayna

Wanay Wayna means “forever young” in the local tongue, and it’s the name of an Incan ruin located on the Inca Trail leading to Machu Picchu. The ruins are built into a steep hillside, and they overlook the Urubamba River, providing stunning vistas. The ruins include homes that connect to one another through staircases and fountains, as well as agricultural terraces.

Moray

The Moray ruins sit atop a high plateau at about 3,500 meters within the Sacred Valley. The ruins feature circular terraces that are depressed in the ground – some as much as 30 meters deep. What’s even more fascinating than the way these ruins look is trying to figure out why they were created in the first place. Some of the depressions are so deep that there is a temperature difference of 15 degrees Celsius between the surface and the bottom.

Phuyupatamarca

Phuyupatamarca means “city above the clouds,” and when you look at it, you’ll understand why. This archeological site along the Inca Trail sits at about 3,600 meters above sea level, and it rests on a series of earthen steps in the hillside. There are five stone baths within the ruins that are filled with constant fresh, running water during the wet season. You can hike to the ruins and explore the local countryside at the same time.

Ollantaytambo

Ollantaytambo is known as the best example of an intact Incan village. It still contains waterways that run through the town, showing visitors how the ancient people once got the clean water they needed for bathing, cleaning, and cooking. The village is steeped in history, having once been the royal estate of an emperor during the Incan Empire and having served as a stronghold for the leader of the Inca resistance during the Spanish conquest of Peru. You’ll love exploring the village and learning about all the people who once lived there.

Take Guided Tours of Peru Destinations

You can take any number of guided tours in Peru to help you reach new heights and expand your experiences to places you’ve never been! From the archeological site of Phuyupatamarca to the gorgeous scenery of the Rainbow Mountain, no matter which destination you choose, it will be the experience of a lifetime. For help deciding which tour to take first, contact Guiding Peru to find the right guided hiking tour in Peru! Start planning your trip today!


Surroundings

Machu Picchu was integrated into the network of Inca roads of the Empire. Using these pathways you can access other nearby Inca sites that are of great interest.
Within the Machu Picchu Sanctuary, to the north, there’s an Inca trail leading up to the top of Huayna Picchu, but this trail also fork off and goes to the lesser known Temple of the Moon. To the west is the road to Intipata and passes through the famous “removable bridge”. And to the south is the best known and most important section of all the Inca trail, which is the most popular trekking route in Peru.

The Inca Trail to Machu Picchu is a trip of 3 to 4 days going through what the late fifteenth century was the main access route to Machu Picchu, which began in Llactapata Complex and passed through the ceremonial centers of Sayacmarca Phuyupatamarca and Wiñaywayna, ending in the “tambo” of Intipunku, the “gated” entrance to Machu Picchu domains and final point.


Day 03: Llulluchapampa -Phuyupatamarca

Today will be our most challenging day as we will be climbing two high passes, to begin with the highest point of the Inca Trail, the Abra de Huarmihuañusca, or “Dead Woman Pass,” at 4200m/ 13,779ft. We will face a steep ascent for two hours until we arrive at the top, above the clouds. We’ll do a mini victory dance before descending to the valley of Pacaymayu. Once on the valley floor, we’ll make a second ascent for a smaller pass, traveling through the Runquraqay archaeological site along the way. After the second pass, we’ll explore another site, Sayaqmarka, before heading down to the magnificent, “Cloud Level Town” of Phuyupatamarca. Here we will make camp on the Inca terraces, eat a warm dinner, and sleep under the bright stars.

  • Hiking Distance: 17km /10.5 Miles/ 10 Hours Approx.
  • Elevation Gain: 1150m/ 4,000 MSL (highest)
  • Considered: Challenging
  • Meals: Breakfast / Lunch, Dinner, Snacks, Coffe,etc.

Background

History

There are multiple trails that the Incas took to Machu Picchu, but the famous trek today is a specific path with a special history. The Inca Trail leads through the mountains, the jungle, and a number of significant archaeological complexes and sites. The Trail was a pilgrimage for the Incas in the 1400s that led to Machu Picchu and had sites for ceremonies and rituals honoring the gods and mountains along the way. Hiram Bingham, an explorer on a quest to find the Lost City of the Incas, stunned the outside world when he found magnificent Machu Picchu after centuries of disuse. Bingham came across the Inca Trail in 1915 and soon realized that he had found a route to Machu Picchu.

Trail Description

We had to use a local company to secure a hiking permit for specific days. The government caps the daily number of people on the trail to 500, including porters and guides who outnumber the visitors. We engaged Andina Travel for the permit, guide and porters. They were professional in providing us with information and a good crew, plus spoke English well enough. We were on the four-day hike starting on Kilometer-82 (a point on the nearby railway line between Cusco and Machu Picchu) close to Piscacucho village. Others start on K-78 at the Chilca rail-station or the K-88 train station by the Inca ruin of Qoriwayrachina.

According to the chart, our hike was 30 miles (48 km). Many online sources state it is 26 miles (43 km). Perhaps they are starting at K-88. My research did not find the exact point where the trail ends and Machu Picchu begins.

The camping sites, mountain passes and the main Inca ruins we visited were:

Day 1

Piscacucho &ndash starting point

Qorihuayrachina ruins &ndash passed by, did not see from the trail.

Huayllabamba (Wayllabamba) campsite

Day 2

Warmiwanusca &ndash &ldquoDead Woman&rdquo Pass #1 (13,800 ft &ndash 4200 m)

Pacasmayo (Pakaymayu) campsite

Day 3

Runkurakay &ndash Pass #2 (12,900 ft &ndash 3900 m)

Sayacmarca and Conchamarca ruins &ndash next to each other

Phuyupatamarca &ndash Pass #3 (11,900 ft &ndash 3600 m)

Winnaywayna ruins &ndash passed by, did not visit

Day 4

Intipunku (Sun Gate) overlook (8,900 ft &ndash 2700m)

Machu Picchu (7,900 ft &ndash 2400 m)

All places have variations in their English spellings. Some spellings break names into two. There are other campsites which are used. For example, we could have camped near Phuyupatamarca instead of Winnaywayna.

We went in late April, as it not as busy as a month later. It only rained a few times and flowers were starting to bloom.

The National Institute of Natural Resources (INRENA) closes the trail in February because of heavy rains. This is

also when they perform annual maintenance such as clearing the trails and picking up garbage.

Guide and Porters

Our informative and charming guide was Michelle Delgado.

We highly recommend her. She made sure everyone was doing well and knew the history of every site we visited. She speaks English very well and is fluent in German. If you want a guide for anything in the area (e.g. Sacred Valley), you may contact her at [email protected] or WhatsApp at +51-943-652-479. You can request your tour company to use her as your Inca Trail guide.

Porters carried our gear, food and tents. Everything we gave them was accessible only at the nightly campsites. A few times I wanted to change a piece of clothing, but it was not possible as it was packed away. The porters have a weight limit of 25 kg (55 lbs). They used to carry more but had accidents such as falling backward off the side of a mountain. They are usually on the small side, but always strong and agile. They march up the hills with few rest stops, often with a mouthful of coca leaves.

Incredibly they run down the trail while the hikers are carefully planting each step. The porters all spoke Quechua and were men. I read there are female porters, but I did not see any with the other groups. Their ages range from around 20 to mid-sixties. One of our guys was Hermogenus, then age 63, who had no problem keeping up.

Photography

Like everyone, I wanted pictures to document our adventure. I encountered a few issues. First, I had a solar-light charger for the batteries of my iPhone, which is my backup still camera and my main video camera. For some reason, the charger did not work and I could not recharge. I had to carefully conserve the charge and use it sparingly. Second, I did not have access to my tripod except when we camped, as the porters had it into their combined load and it was too heavy to carry by myself. Third, the skies were mostly overcast and often foggy, thus less than ideal for vista photography. However, occasionally the sun would shine through and I could nab a shot.

How Hard Is It?

I could not find the success rate of finishing the trail. My guess is most do it, somewhat because, after the 2nd day, it is easier to finish than go back. The reasons for not finishing are lack of physical stamina, digestive problems, and insufficient acclimation. Concerning the last item, a person could take Diamox which is for altitude sickness. Nick took Diamox and also chlorophyll pills bought over-the-counter. He did not have the benefit of two-weeks of acclimation like the rest of us. I ingested a dose of chlorophyll that Nick gave me on the third day. It may have helped, but so did the coffee in the morning. Steve and Khadija did not take anything for the altitude. Steve took Advil on a preventive basis. This is probably a good idea, as it reduces inflammation with usually no side effects.

I found the hike taxing, especially the second day going up Dead Woman pass. However, I saw no one who looked physically exhausted. In fact, there was a woman who looked well over 70 who steadily went up and down with her two walking sticks. Khadija and I hiked in Nepal a few months before in the Annapurna range. Based on this experience, we were convinced we could walk up steep steps all day. When I was tired, I concentrated on the next step as a type of meditation and did not think about the remaining distance. Going down was difficult in maintaining balance and enduring stress on my shins and knees.

Day 1

Our tour company picked us early in the morning from our hotels. They made several stops on the way, picking up our guide Michelle and supplies. We then drove from Cusco to Piscacucho (K-82) in about two hours. By the time we arrived, it was around noon and others were unloading and milling around. We eventually estimated there were twelve other groups and they all had more than our number of four hikers.

Eventually, we entered the outside waiting area as Michelle did whatever necessary for us to proceed.

Michelle took our picture at the Trail Sign.

We did not know it, but someone else was also taking our picture. After we finished, in the market in Aguas Calientes, they found us. It was worth their effort as we bought two 8&rdquo x 10&rdquo copies.

After years of talking about it, months of planning and weeks of acclimation, we finally started by crossing a bridge over the Urubamba River.

For the first few hours, the trail was mostly dirt with a gently upwards slope. We often passed people who lived in this area, including those playing soccer.

We eventually arrived at our first substantial Inca ruin area. Llactapata and Patallacta are very close together and are sometimes mentioned collectively as the Llactapata ruins. They were discovered by Hiram Bingham on the same trek as when he found Machu Picchu. It is believed the Incas grew crops here. This settlement probably supplied Machu Picchu with food.

Llactapata is a smaller ruin at a higher elevation that was only thoroughly mapped in 2003. Bingham, when he first made a surface exploration of the site in 1912, documented that it was possibly where an Inca chieftain built a home. This post&rsquos opening photo shows our approach to the site. I was still full of energy and scaling the walls.

Patallacta is below Llactapata and includes sinewy terraces.

We did not walk down to it. Manco Inca Yupanqui burned it down in 1536 to keep the Spanish from following his rebellious contingent. The Spanish initially installed him as a puppet emperor, but he eventually founded the Sapa Inca state and fought the Spanish. His life was the stuff of legend and he had intermittent success against the Spanish. He was eventually assassinated in this mountainous region.

We walked more as the afternoon progressed and enjoyed the mountains and valleys&hellip

&hellipand the streams we crossed on bridges.

At dusk, we arrived at our campsite called Huayllabamba. There were a few houses surrounding the flat area for our two-person tents.

Our cook whipped up some healthy stew. There was an outside bathroom up the hill we used. We fell asleep early but had to put on extra clothes to keep warm.

Day 2

We awoke before 6am. By the time we had breakfast and organized ourselves, it was about 7:30am. At a distance, we could see porters from the other groups trudging up the hill.

We were not good at leaving as early as possible. We should have, as it is cooler in the morning to hike. Unless it was raining, we were generally hot because of our exertion and the warm daylight temperatures.

Today was our long hike up to the highest pass of Warmiwanusca (13,900 ft &ndash 4200 m). It is also called Dead Woman&rsquos pass because it looks like, with some imagination, a woman looking up to the sky. It may indirectly reference that one may feel dead after making the ascent. The hike was basically one step after another for hours.

At one point, there was an overlook everyone used as a rest area and Nick and I posed for a picture.

Most of the time we were in the open. Sometimes we would go through tree-covered areas&hellip

&hellipand sometimes a tree would be in the path.

Occasionally, there would be a break in the mostly-cloudy sky to see peaks and distant mountains.

While the Andes, with their massive vertical ridges, were undoubtedly impressive, there was beauty in the moss-covered rocks we passed.

All four of us walked at our own pace. Michelle accompanied Khadija most of the day. While I was taking a rest near the top, a porter came by playing the pan flute. He probably reached the top and took a break walking down.

The steps remained steep to the very top. Khadija was still in good spirits despite exerting so much energy.

I waited a little while and she joined me on the top. Even though I am originally from Colorado where there are 58 peaks over 14,000 ft, this was the highest I ever hiked.

The ascent took hours and involved hundreds of steps but if I felt it was doable if acclimated to the altitude.

When we started down the mountain, we realized that this was not the end of the difficulty. We had to be careful walking down the high, uneven steps, in order not to fall or slip. It was rainy and foggy here, so they were especially slick.

The porters were not fazed as they bounced down the trail.

In another three hours, we all made it to the Pacasmayo campsite, nestled between two hills.

Khadija, with Michelle, was jubilant that she made it so far.

Day 3

We started going up a steep climb to Runkurakay Pass, the second one. Halfway up, we stopped at the Runkurakay ruins that are two concentric wall-circles with a smaller rectangular building below it. All other Inca buildings I remembered were square or rectangular, so this was different. As we had been walking less than two hours from Pacasmayo, most of the groups arrived around the same time.

The different colors of the grasses, accented by flowers, were a pleasure to see.

The common belief is that this was a Tambo, a place to rest for messengers (critical for the far-flung Inca empire) and others.

While there, an unlucky woman from Australia had one of her shoes come apart. I always travel with duct tape which we used to bind it. It worked for the rest of her hike.

We have kept in touch and met her and her husband when they visited New York City.

All the groups, with a wide spectrum of ages, continued.

In the late morning, gradually everyone arrived at Runkurakay Pass (12,900 ft &ndash 3900 m).

After walking downhill for a while, we came to the ruins of Sayacmarca.

It is often referred to as a fortress due to its position and single staircase entrance. Water was channelled to it by an intricate canal system from a nearby river. Sayacmarca was not built by the Incas, but actually by their enemies, the Colla. The only weakness of Sayacmarca under Colla rule was the lack of agriculture, which was later rectified by the Incas when they took over the city and established a nearby farm and storehouses.

Up here we could see the valley and mountains over the moss-covered walls.

We also saw a section which could have been an altar with a rock formation that looked either like a dancer or a face.

Directly below was Conchamarca, another Inca ruin.

A short distance away, we rested and ate sandwiches at the Caqquiqocha campsite, which had decent bathrooms. After a brief walk upwards, we easily hiked through a cloud forest with bamboo intermixed with alpine and tropical flowers. Here some of the trails were more-or-less flat, whereas almost everywhere else it was sloped.

We continued to the third and final pass, Phuyupatamarca (11,900 ft &ndash 3600 m). Some of the groups camped here for the night. Nearby were the ruins of the same name.

This site appears to have had some ritual function, including bathing with water from a spring higher up.

From here, Khadija and I walked together for almost two hours and passed a grazing llama&hellip

&hellip and a scenic panorama as the sunlight was receding.

We and most of the accompanying groups stayed at the Winnaywayna campsite. Each group had a small, dedicated terrace for tents. There was a stretch of bathrooms with water on concrete. However, the flushing was insufficient and it was disgusting to use them. INRENA should devise a better system, especially considering this a national heritage site which brings considerable money into the country.

Day 4

We joined almost everyone else and awoke at 4:30AM. The goal was to make the one to two-hour walk to the Intipunku, the Sun Gate, and see the beginning of sunrise over Machu Picchu without people in the complex. We dressed, ate and gathered our backpacks and started our hike in the dark. We went for a whole five-minutes and then had to wait in a line for about an hour until the trail&rsquos exit booths were open. The guide of each group had to show their authorization and identify each group member. Then we were allowed to go forth on the last leg of the trail.

We walked at a moderate pace and arrived at the Intipunku steps, which were steep even by Inca Trail standards, but short.

We arrived about an hour past sunrise and celebrated that we made it.

Next to us was a young woman who was sick on a stretcher. She admired the view before she was carried down the hill.

On the way down, Khadija posed for a picture with the legendary city behind her.

As we descended, we passed people visiting Machu Picchu for a day walking up to Intipunku.

Khadija, Nick and I reunited with Steve, who walked at a faster pace in front of us. Michelle proceeded to give us an in-depth explanation of the complex. It had become hot. I was tired, dirty from four days of no showers and frankly a bit stinky. I had a little attention span. The others were not fresh and energetic either. We lasted about two-hours walking slowly and taking advantage of shade whenever possible. In this time, we did see some memorable views of the whole city&hellip

&hellipand the surrounding mountains.

Of course, we took an obligatory picture in front of the fabled peak.

From there, we went to the bus stop to catch one with dozens of others to Aguas Calientes (Hot Waters).

In a short time, we went down a series of switchbacks to the main road.

Some young people walked down rather than pay for the bus.

We finally arrived at Aguas Calientes and found a town built up for the hundreds of people passing through daily while going to Machu Picchu.

We immediately went to a spacious, sunny, high-end Italian restaurant. While waiting for the food, I used the bathroom to wash, shave and change clothes, which made me feel incredibly better. After our meal, we went to the train station and caught one to Cusco.

Final Thoughts

A few days later in Lima, Khadija summed up her experience.

The one thing I would have done differently is after the Inca Trail, I would have gone to a hotel in Aguas Calientes for the rest of the day. There I would have rested and importantly taken a long shower. I would have gone to Machu Picchu as soon as it opened the next day, walking when it was cooler and photographing in the best light.

The four of us went back to Cusco, then Steve left to return home. Khadija, Nick and I went to Lima as described in Peru &ndash Part 3 &ndash Lima.


Watch the video: Phuyupatamarca - Inca Trail (December 2022).

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